This article has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. (Learn how and when to remove these template messages) This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.Find sources: "Climate change in popular culture" – news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR (February 2022) (Learn how and when to remove this message) This article may contain excessive or irrelevant examples. Please help improve the article by adding descriptive text and removing less pertinent examples. (October 2023) (Learn how and when to remove this message)
A satirical cartoon about sea level rise.

References to climate change in popular culture have existed since the late 20th century and increased in the 21st century. Climate change, its impacts, and related human-environment interactions have been featured in nonfiction books and documentaries, but also literature, film, music, television shows and video games.

Science historian Naomi Oreskes noted in 2005 "a huge disconnect between what professional scientists have studied and learned in the last 30 years, and what is out there in the popular culture."[1] An academic study in 2000 contrasted the relatively rapid acceptance of ozone depletion as reflected in popular culture with the much slower acceptance of the scientific consensus on climate change.[2] Cultural responses have been posited as an important part of communicating climate change, but commentators have noted covering the topic has posed challenges due to its abstract nature.[3][4] The prominence of climate change in popular culture increased during the 2010s, influenced by the climate movement, shifts in public opinion and changes in media coverage.[5][6]

Art

     Omnipresent and relevant, yet abstract and statistical by nature, as well as invisible for the naked eye – climate change is a subject matter in need for perception and cognition support par excellence.[7]

Climate change art is art inspired by climate change and global warming, generally intended to overcome humans' hardwired tendency to value personal experience over data and to disengage from data-based representations by making the data "vivid and accessible". One of the goal of climate change art is to "raise awareness of the crisis",[8] as well as engage viewers politically and environmentally.[9]

Some climate change art involves community involvement with the environment.[8] Other approaches involve revealing socio-political concerns through their various artistic forms,[10] such as painting, video, photography, sound and films. These works are intended to encourage viewers to reflect on their daily actions "in a socially responsible manner to preserve and protect the planet".[10]

Climate change art is created both by scientists and by non-scientist artists. The field overlaps with data art.

Film

Further information: Category:Climate change films

Fictional films

Climate change has been an occasional topic in fictional cinema.[11] Nicholas Barber opined in BBC Culture that Hollywood films seldom feature climate change mechanisms due to the difficulty of tying the topic to individual characters, and due to fears of alienating audiences; instead, impacts of climate change have been more frequently depicted as a consequence of nuclear or geoengineering accidents.[4]

Documentary films

Further information: Category:Documentary films about global warming

Literature

Further information: List of climate change books

Non-fiction

See also: Category:Climate change books

Bill McKibben, author of The End of Nature.

This refers to the classification non-fiction, without regard to whether the books are accurate or intended to be accurate.

Fiction

See also: Category:Climate change novels

Climate fiction (sometimes shortened to cli-fi) is literature that deals with climate change.[30] Generally speculative in nature but inspired by climate science, works of climate fiction may take place in the world as we know it, in the near future, or in fictional worlds experiencing climate change. The genre frequently includes science fiction and dystopian or utopian themes, imagining the potential futures based on how humanity responds to the impacts of climate change. Climate fiction typically involves anthropogenic climate change and other environmental issues as opposed to weather and disaster more generally. Technologies such as climate engineering or climate adaptation practices often feature prominently in works exploring their impacts on society.

The term "cli-fi" is generally credited to freelance news reporter and climate activist Dan Bloom, who coined it in either 2007 or 2008.[30][31] References to "climate fiction" appear to have begun in the 2010s, although the term has also been retroactively applied to a number of works.[32][33] Pioneering 20th century authors of climate fiction include J. G. Ballard and Octavia E. Butler, while dystopian fiction from Margaret Atwood is often cited as an immediate precursor to the genre's emergence. Since 2010, prominent cli-fi authors include Kim Stanley Robinson, Richard Powers, Paolo Bacigalupi, and Barbara Kingsolver. The publication of Robinson's The Ministry for the Future in 2020 helped cement the genre's emergence; the work generated presidential and United Nations mentions and an invitation for Robinson to meet planners at the Pentagon.[34]

University courses on literature and environmental issues may include climate change fiction in their syllabi.[35] This body of literature has been discussed by a variety of publications, including The New York Times, The Guardian, and Dissent magazine, among other international media outlets.[36] Lists of climate fiction have been compiled by organizations including Grist, Outside Magazine, and the New York Public Library.[37] Academics and critics study the potential impact of fiction on the broader field of climate change communication.

Music

Further information: Environmentalism in music

Climate change has been a topic of some popular music, particularly during the 2010s.[5][38][39] The topic has been discussed in various genres, including pop, folk, electronic music and heavy metal.[6] The New York Times found 192 references to climate change in English-language songs that entered the Billboard charts between 1999 and 2019, with around half of those (87 songs) between 2015 and 2019.[5]

American rock band Smash Mouth performing in 2011. The New York Times listed their 1999 song "All Star" #1 on their list of top 10 climate change songs.[5]

Theater

Still from a 2010 performance of The Climate Monologues.

Television

Television documentaries

Fictional television

Trey Parker and Matt Stone, creators of adult animated comedy series South Park. South Park has parodied climate change on several occasions, particularly focusing on the environmental activism of politician Al Gore.

Late-night television

Comic books

Video games

See also: List of climate change video games

Stand-up comedy

Other

See also

Footnotes


References

  1. ^ Doughton, Sandi (October 11, 2005). "The truth about global warming". The Seattle Times.
  2. ^ Sheldon Ungar, "Knowledge, ignorance and the popular culture: Climate change versus the ozone hole," Science 9.3 (2000) 297-312.
  3. ^ "Why the cultural response to global warming makes for a heated debate". The Independent. 2014-06-11. Retrieved 2022-04-12.
  4. ^ a b c d Barber, Nicholas. "Why does cinema ignore climate change?". www.bbc.com. Retrieved 2022-04-12.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Pierre-Louis, Kendra (2020-05-22). "The Climate 'Hot 10 Songs'". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2022-02-19.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h "What Can Music Do During Climate Collapse?". Pitchfork. 2021-04-22. Retrieved 2022-02-19.
  7. ^ Windhager, Florian; Schreder, Günther; Mayr, Eva (2019). "On Inconvenient Images: Exploring the Design Space of Engaging Climate Change Visualizations for Public Audiences". Workshop on Visualisation in Environmental Sciences (EnvirVis). The Eurographics Association: 1–8. doi:10.2312/envirvis.20191098. ISBN 9783038680864.
  8. ^ a b "Climate change is a challenge for artists". The Economist. ISSN 0013-0613. Retrieved 2022-05-29.
  9. ^ Hornby, Louise (2017-05-01). "Appropriating the Weather: Olafur Eliasson and Climate Control". Environmental Humanities. 9 (1): 60–83. doi:10.1215/22011919-3829136. ISSN 2201-1919.
  10. ^ a b "Art That Highlights Climate Change". The Artling. Retrieved 2022-05-29.
  11. ^ a b c d Townsend, Solitaire. "The Seven Climate Movies (And The One We Need Next)". Forbes. Retrieved 2022-04-12.
  12. ^ Barnett, David. "Are we living in a Blade Runner world?". www.bbc.com. Retrieved 2021-06-14.
  13. ^ "New 'Blade Runner' gives climate change a starring role". Washington Examiner. 2017-10-05. Retrieved 2021-06-14.
  14. ^ "Climate change: Disaster movie director Roland Emmerich says we need more blockbusters tackling environmental issues". Sky News. Retrieved 2022-04-12.
  15. ^ "Cli-Fi Is Real". HuffPost. 2014-10-30. Retrieved 2022-03-21.
  16. ^ a b Svoboda, Michael (2014-10-22). "A review of climate fiction (cli-fi) cinema ... past and present » Yale Climate Connections". Yale Climate Connections. Retrieved 2023-04-20.
  17. ^ Irvine, Travis (June 19, 2015), "Handle with humor: why we want you to laugh about climate change", The Guardian, archived from the original on December 15, 2015, retrieved April 9, 2016
  18. ^ Mellino, Cole (April 16, 2015), "Funny or Die Video: How to Diagnose Climate Change Denial Disorder", EcoWatch, archived from the original on March 17, 2016, retrieved April 9, 2016
  19. ^ Swann, Jennifer (April 16, 2015), "The Made-Up Disease That Affects More People in Power Than You Think", TakePart, Participant Media, archived from the original on August 8, 2015, retrieved April 9, 2016
  20. ^ "Bo Burnham is not joking about the climate apocalypse". Grist. 2021-06-28. Retrieved 2021-08-09.
  21. ^ Renfro, Kim. "31 details you might have missed in Bo Burnham's 'Inside'". Insider. Retrieved 2021-08-09.
  22. ^ "The past and present collide for Hugh Jackman in first Reminiscence trailer". 3 June 2021.
  23. ^ Ovenden, Olivia (2021-11-13). "Adam McKay Is Still Trying to See the Funny Side in All This". Esquire. Retrieved 2022-01-05.
  24. ^ "An Inconvenient Truth (2006)". IMDB.
  25. ^ "Signos: Banta ng nagbabagong klima" to be replayed on QTV 11". GMA News. April 10, 2008. Retrieved November 20, 2020.
  26. ^ "Environmental Writer Turns Words into Action | American Profiles | English". 2010-05-16. Archived from the original on 2010-05-16. Retrieved 2022-02-22.
  27. ^ "Oprah's Books". Archived from the original on 2008-02-25. Retrieved 2013-06-12.
  28. ^ a b c "8 best climate emergency books that help you to understand the crisis". The Independent. 2021-04-29. Retrieved 2022-04-15.
  29. ^ a b "Books on climate change to read this Earth Day". NBC News. 21 April 2021. Retrieved 2022-04-15.
  30. ^ a b Glass, Rodge (31 May 2013). "Global Warning: The Rise of 'Cli-fi'" retrieved 3 March 2016
  31. ^ Plantz, Kyle. "As the weather shifts, 'cli-fi' takes root as a new literary genre". news.trust.org. Reuters. Retrieved 15 February 2022.
  32. ^ "So Hot Right Now: Has Climate Change Created A New Literary Genre?". NPR.org. Retrieved 5 February 2019.
  33. ^ "Dune, climate fiction pioneer: The ecological lessons of Frank Herbert's sci-fi masterpiece were ahead of its time". Salon. 14 August 2015. Retrieved 29 October 2021.
  34. ^ Rothman, Joshua (31 January 2022). "Can Science Fiction Wake Us Up to Our Climate Reality?". The New Yorker. Retrieved 24 December 2022.
  35. ^ Pérez-Peña, Richard (1 April 2014). "College Classes Use Arts to Brace for Climate Change". The New York Times. p. A12. Retrieved 31 March 2015.
  36. ^ Tuhus-Dubrow, Rebecca (Summer 2013). "Cli-Fi: Birth of a Genre". Dissent. Retrieved 23 March 2015.
  37. ^ "Compelling Climate Fiction To Read Before It Becomes Nonfiction". The New York Public Library. Retrieved 2024-05-20.
  38. ^ Currin, Grayson Haver (2019-12-05). "Music For Our Emergency". NPR. Retrieved 2022-02-19.
  39. ^ a b c Anekwe, Lilian (2019-06-17). "The musicians helping make climate change a cultural movement". New Scientist. Retrieved 2022-02-21.
  40. ^ "See Gojira Debut Rare Studio Performance of "Global Warming"". Revolver. 2018-06-25. Retrieved 2021-06-10.
  41. ^ Kornhaber, Spencer (2016-05-11). "'A Moon Shaped Pool' Is Radiohead's Breakup With Pop". The Atlantic. Retrieved 2022-02-20.
  42. ^ "Jared Leto and band film video in the Arctic". Grist. 2008-02-01. Retrieved 2022-04-12.
  43. ^ "Antony Hegarty's 4 Degrees: a climate change anthem for our doomed planet". the Guardian. 2015-12-01. Retrieved 2022-02-21.
  44. ^ "King Gizzard And The Lizard Wizard warn of impending doom on new single 'If Not Now, Then When?'". NME. 2020-12-10. Retrieved 2022-02-19.
  45. ^ Newstead, Al (2019-06-21). "Less than half of King Gizzard & The Lizard Wizard recorded their new metal album". triple j. Retrieved 2022-02-19.
  46. ^ "'Time to rebel': Greta Thunberg adds voice to new song by the 1975". the Guardian. 2019-07-24. Retrieved 2022-02-22.
  47. ^ Hussey, Allison (2 March 2020). "Listen to Rina Sawayama's New Song "XS"". Pitchfork. Retrieved 2021-06-10.
  48. ^ "Grimes' new album 'Miss_Anthropocene': release date, tracklist and everything we know so far". NME. 2019-10-17. Retrieved 2021-06-10.
  49. ^ Bloom, Madison (20 March 2019). "Grimes Announces New Album Miss_Anthropocene". Pitchfork. Retrieved 2021-06-10.
  50. ^ Cohen, Jonathan (2020-05-14). "Pearl Jam Recruits Climate Change Activist Greta Thunberg for Cautionary 'Retrograde' Visual (Watch)". Variety. Retrieved 2022-03-16.
  51. ^ "Sepultura Address Climate Change in Dramatic New Video for "Guardians Of Earth" -". mxdwn Music. 2020-09-19. Retrieved 2022-02-25.
  52. ^ "Massive Attack Release New Audiovisual EP Eutopia". Pitchfork. 2020-07-10. Retrieved 2022-02-22.
  53. ^ "Purge The Poison - MARINA | Video of the Week". Wales Arts Review. 2021-05-14. Retrieved 2022-03-09.
  54. ^ "Midnight Oil clock off with fitting finale". Newcastle Herald. 2022-02-16. Retrieved 2022-03-09.
  55. ^ "Greg Barnett – The Flat White Album". thearkofmusic.com. 18 October 2021. Retrieved 2022-07-30.
  56. ^ navonm (2017-05-30). "The Climate Monologues | Peril & Promise | PBS". Peril & Promise. Retrieved 2022-02-22.
  57. ^ "Climate change play 2071 aims to make data dramatic". the Guardian. 2014-11-05. Retrieved 2022-02-20.
  58. ^ "South Park issues rare apology for 'ManBearPig'". NBC News. 8 November 2018. Retrieved 2021-08-09.
  59. ^ VanDerWerff, Emily (2018-11-14). "12 years after mocking Al Gore's fight against climate change, South Park reconsiders". Vox. Retrieved 2021-08-09.
  60. ^ Torn, Simone (2021-04-03). "'South Park' Creators Matt Stone and Trey Parker Claim This Episode 'Has Not Aged Well'". Showbiz Cheat Sheet. Retrieved 2021-08-09.
  61. ^ a b McGown, Alistair (2003). The Hill and Beyond: Children's Television Drama - An Encyclopedia. BFI. p. 266. ISBN 0851708781.
  62. ^ "How Did 'Loki' Episode 2 Sneak in Terrifying, Prescient Satire About Climate Change?". Collider. 2021-06-19. Retrieved 2021-08-06.
  63. ^ "Hollyoaks, Coronation Street, EastEnders and Emmerdale among soaps taking part in first crossover episodes to highlight climate change". Sky News. Retrieved 2022-09-02.
  64. ^ "British Soaps And Continuing Drama Join Forces To Highlight Climate Change". ITV. Retrieved 2022-09-02.
  65. ^ Sullivan, Margaret (2021-09-21). "Perspective | A new media strategy for selling the seriousness of the climate crisis: Humor". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2023-06-17.
  66. ^ Wright, Steven T. (5 June 2020). "From Zelda to Civ to Frostpunk—can climate change be fun?". ArsTechnica. Retrieved 2022-07-18.
  67. ^ Honeybun-Arnolda, Elliot; Obermeister, Noam (15 February 2019). "Civilization VI: Gathering Storm shows video games can make us think seriously about climate change". The Conversation. Retrieved 2022-02-22.
  68. ^ "Battlefield 2042 Imagines A Huge Multiplayer Hellscape Of Climate Change". GameSpot. Retrieved 2021-06-10.
  69. ^ "Comedians made some hilarious jokes about climate change. Were they right?". Washington Post. 2023-01-05. Retrieved 2023-06-17.
  70. ^ Veldman, Robin Globus (2012). "Narrating the Environmental Apocalypse: How Imagining the End Facilitates Moral Reasoning Among Environmental Activists". Ethics and the Environment. 17 (1): 1–23. doi:10.2979/ethicsenviro.17.1.1. JSTOR 10.2979/ethicsenviro.17.1.1. S2CID 143291219.
  71. ^ Goldfarb, Ben (3 June 2015). "I have seen the future, and it looks like Mad Max". High Country News.
  72. ^ Tumino, Adam (24 September 2019). "Opinion, Satire: Embrace the climate change apocalypse". The Daily Eastern News.
  73. ^ Montgomery, Scott (29 September 2015). "4 fun ways to describe the looming climate apocalypse". CBC.ca. Canadian Broadcasting Corporation.