Clinical Establishments (Registration and Regulation) Act, 2010
Parliament of India
  • An Act to provide for the registration and regulation of clinical establishments in the country and for matters connected therewith or incidental hereto.
Enacted byParliament of India
Assented to18 August 2010
Commenced1 March 2012
Bill citationNo. 23 of 2010
Status: In force

The Clinical Establishments (Registration and Regulation) Act, 2010 is an Act of the Parliament of India. It seeks to regulate all clinical establishments in India. The Act requires all clinical establishments to register themselves and provides a set of standard treatment guidelines for common diseases and conditions.[1]

The state governments must adopt the law by passing a resolution in the legislative assemblies.[1] As of March 2018, the following states have adopted it: Arunachal Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Mizoram, Sikkim, Bihar, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Jharkhand, Assam, Haryana. However, not all of these states have made any clear provisions to implement the Act.[2][1]


The Act cannot be directly applied to all states of India. The states have the choice of passing a resolution to adopt the bill or passing a similar bill. The Act however directly applies to the states of Arunachal Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Mizoram, and Sikkim, as they had passed resolutions allowing such laws in their states.[3]

The aim of the Act is to register all clinical establishments in India to make it easier to regulate them and implement standard practices. With the exception of the establishments under the military forces, all public and private establishments, including AYUSH establishments, are required to register. According to Chapter I Clause 2 (c), a clinical establishment may be a hospital, maternity home, nursing home, dispensary, clinic, sanatorium or any other institution that offer services for diagnosis, care or treatment of patients.[3]

The Chapter II details the formation of a National Council. The Chapter III details the formation of State and Union Territory Councils. It also requires formation of district registering authorities. The Chapter IV details the registration procedure. A provisional registration shall be valid for 1 year and must be renewed. An establishment may apply for a permanent registration. The registration certificate must be prominently displayed. The Chapter V details the creation of state and national level Register of Medical Establishment in digital form.[3]

The Chapter VI details various offences and penalties. For example, running an unregistered establishment carries a fine up to 50,000 on the first offence. A person knowingly working in an unregistered establishment will be fined up to 25,000. There is also a fine of up to 500,000 for obstructing investigations, withholding information or giving false information. In case of violation by a corporate body, the management shall be held responsible.[3]

See also


  1. ^ a b c "Clinical establishments brought under Act". The Hindu. 23 March 2010. Retrieved 7 November 2015.
  2. ^ "Physician, heal thyself". The Telegraph (India). 8 March 2015. Retrieved 7 November 2015.
  3. ^ a b c d "Clinical Establishments (Registration and Regulation) Act, 2010". Act No. 23 of 2010 (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 11 March 2016.

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