|Close-mid central rounded vowel|
Vowels beside dots are: unrounded • rounded
The close-mid central rounded vowel, or high-mid central rounded vowel, is a type of vowel sound. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨ɵ⟩, a lowercase barred letter o.
The character ɵ has been used in several Latin-derived alphabets such as the one for Yañalif but then denotes a sound that is different from that of the IPA. The character is homographic with Cyrillic Ө. The Unicode code point is U+019F Ɵ LATIN CAPITAL LETTER O WITH MIDDLE TILDE.
This vowel occurs in Cantonese, Dutch, French, Russian and Swedish as well as in a number of English dialects as a realization of /ʊ/ (as in foot), /ɜː/ (as in nurse) or /oʊ/ (as in goat).
This sound rarely contrasts with the near-close front rounded vowel and so is sometimes transcribed with the symbol ⟨ʏ⟩.
The close-mid central protruded vowel is typically transcribed in IPA simply as ⟨ɵ⟩, and that is the convention used in this article. As there is no dedicated diacritic for protrusion in the IPA, symbol for the close central rounded vowel with an old diacritic for labialization, ⟨ ̫⟩, can be used as an ad hoc symbol ⟨ɵ̫⟩ for the close central protruded vowel. Another possible transcription is ⟨ɵʷ⟩ or ⟨ɘʷ⟩ (a close central vowel modified by endolabialization), but this could be misread as a diphthong.
Because central rounded vowels are assumed to have protrusion, and few descriptions cover the distinction, some of the following may actually have compression.
|Asturian||Some Western dialects||fuöra||[ˈfwɵɾɐ]||'outside'||Realization of ⟨o⟩ in the diphthong ⟨uo⟩. May also be realized as [ø] or [œ].|
|Azeri||Tabriz||göz گؤز||[dʒɵz]||'eye'||Typically transcribed as /œ/.|
|Chinese||Cantonese||出/ceot7||[tsʰɵt˥]||'to go out'||See Cantonese phonology|
|Dutch||Standard||hut||[ɦɵt]||'hut'||See Dutch phonology|
|English||Cardiff||foot||[fɵt]||'foot'||More often unrounded [ɘ]; corresponds to [ʊ] in other dialects. See English phonology|
|General South African||Younger, especially female speakers. Other speakers have a less front vowel [ʊ]. May be transcribed in IPA with ⟨ʊ̟⟩ or ⟨ʉ̞⟩. See South African English phonology|
|Received Pronunciation||[fɵʔt]||Younger speakers. Others pronounce [ʊ]. See English phonology|
|Hull||goat||[ɡɵːt]||'goat'||Corresponds to /oʊ/ in other dialects.|
|New Zealand||bird||[bɵːd]||'bird'||Corresponds to /ɝ/ in other dialects. See New Zealand English phonology|
|French||je||[ʒɵ]||'I'||May be transcribed in IPA with ⟨ə⟩ or ⟨ɵ⟩. Also described as mid [ɵ̞]. May be more front for a number of speakers. See French phonology|
|German||Swabian||wird||[ʋɵʕ̞d̥]||'becomes'||Allophone of /i/ before /ʁ/.|
|Upper Saxon||Wunder||[ˈv̞ɵn(d̥)oˤ]||'wonder'||The example word is from the Chemnitz dialect.|
|Irish||Munster||dúnadh||[ˈd̪ˠuːn̪ˠө]||'closing'||Allophone of /ə/ adjacent to broad consonants, when the vowel in the preceding syllable is either /uː/ or /ʊ/. See Irish phonology|
|Kazakh||көз||[kɵz]||'eye'||Typically transcribed in IPA with ⟨œ⟩.|
|Limburgish||Most dialects||bluts||[blɵts]||'bump'||Typically transcribed in IPA with ⟨ʏ⟩. The example word is from the Weert dialect.|
|Maastrichtian||beuk||[bɵːk]||'books'||Sometimes realized as a narrow diphthong [ɵʉ̞]; typically transcribed in IPA with ⟨øː⟩. Front [øː] in other dialects.|
|Norwegian||Stavangersk||gull||[ɡɵl]||'gold'||Near-close [ʉ̞] in other dialects that have this vowel. Typically transcribed in IPA with ⟨ʉ⟩. See Norwegian phonology|
|Urban East||søt||[sɵːt]||'sweet'||Also described as front [ø̫ː]; typically transcribed in IPA with ⟨øː⟩. See Norwegian phonology|
|Ripuarian||Kerkrade dialect||sjuts||[ʃɵts]||'marksman'||See Kerkrade dialect phonology|
|Russian||тётя/tyotya||[ˈtʲɵtʲə]||'aunt'||Allophone of /o/ following a palatalized consonant. See Russian phonology|
|Tajik||Northern dialects||кӯҳ/kūh||[kɵh]||'mountain'||May be realized as mid [ɵ̞], merged with /u/ in the central and southern dialects. See Tajik phonology|
|Uzbek||koʻz/кўз||[kɵz]||'eye'||Allophone of /o/, especially near velar consonants /k/ and /g/. May be realized as mid [ɵ̞]. See Uzbek phonology|
|West Frisian||Standard||put||[pɵt]||'well'||Typically transcribed in IPA with ⟨ø⟩. See West Frisian phonology|
|Southwestern dialects||fuotten||[ˈfɵtn̩]||'feet'||Corresponds to [wo] in other dialects. See West Frisian phonology|
|Xumi||Lower||ľatsö||[ʎ̟ɐtsɵ˦]||'to filter tea'||Typically transcribed in IPA with ⟨ʉ⟩.|
|Upper||htö||[htɵ]||'way to do things'||Allophone of /o/ after alveolar consonants; may be realized as [o] or [ɤ] instead.|
|Close-mid central compressed vowel|
As there is no official diacritic for compression in the IPA, the centering diacritic is used with the front rounded vowel [ø], which is normally compressed. Other possible transcriptions are ⟨ɘ͡β̞⟩ (simultaneous [ɘ] and labial compression) and ⟨ɘᵝ⟩ ([ɘ] modified with labial compression).
|Swedish||Central Standard||full||[fø̈lː]||'full'||More often described as mid [ɵ̞ᵝ]. See Swedish phonology|