Coat of Arms of Andorra
ArmigerEmmanuel Macron, Co-Prince of Andorra
Joan Enric Vives Sicília, Co-Prince of Andorra
Adopted1993 (officially)
BlazonQuarterly: first Gules, a crosier bendways sinister surmounted by a mitre Or lined Argent (Bishop of Urgell); second Or, three pallets Gules (Count of Foix); third Or, four pallets Gules (Catalonia); fourth Or, two cows passant in pale Gules horned and collared Azure (Viscount of Béarn).
MottoVirtus Unita Fortior ("United virtue is stronger")
Other elementsA console or

The coat of arms of Andorra (Catalan: Escut d'Andorra) is the heraldic device consisting of a shield divided quarterly by the arms of the Bishop of Urgell and the Count of Foix – who have historically been the two co-princes of Andorra – in addition to the emblems of Catalonia and the Viscount of Béarn. Utilized unofficially since the Middle Ages, its status as the coat of arms of the Principality of Andorra was formalized in 1993 upon the implementation of their new constitution. The escutcheon is featured on the flag of Andorra.

Official description

Andorran law describes the coat of arms as follows:[1]

The coat of arms of the Principality of Andorra has been traditionally formed by four quarters, two of which are the ones of the two Co-Princes.

The four traditional quarters are:

a) that of the Bishopric, represented by a golden mitre and a golden crosier on a red background;

b) that of Catalonia;

c) that of Foix;

d) that of Béarn.

The arms can have at the bottom the motto "Virtus Unita Fortior".

The arms can have an aureola, a scroll or it can be crowned by the lord's emblems (crown, chapeau).

History

The coat of arms featured on the exterior of the Casa de la Vall
The coat of arms featured on the exterior of the Casa de la Vall

The usage of the arms of the Bishop of Urgell and the Count of Foix stems from a settlement made in 1278 concerning territory sandwiched between the lands they had jurisdiction over.[2] The two parties agreed to protect the principality jointly as co-princes.[2][3] The arms of Catalonia and Béarn were added, and a "centuries-old carving" of this four-part quartered emblem is featured on the exterior of the country's parliament building[2] – the Casa de la Vall – which served as the meeting place of the General Council until 2014.[4] It was also found on the lintel of a house in Barcelona dating back to 1761.[5] However, its status was not official until it was designated as the principality's coat of arms under Article 2(2) of the Constitution of Andorra,[6] which was approved in a 1993 referendum and came into force that same year.[7]

Design

Construction

The four shields depicted on the coat of arms
Arms Position Explanation
Top left The arms of the Bishop of Urgell, who is one of the two co-princes of Andorra.
Top right The arms of the Count of Foix, the historical co-prince of Andorra who is currently represented by the President of France.
Bottom left The arms of Catalonia
Bottom right The arms of the Viscounts of Béarn, the historical feudal lords of Andorra.

Symbolism

The top two quarters depict the arms of the "two traditional protectors" of the principality – the Count of Foix and the Bishop of Urgell.[8] While the latter title is still extant and its holder continues to rule Andorra as a co-prince, the former was absorbed, first into the title of King of France, and subsequently transferred to the President of France.[9] The quarters at the bottom – of Catalonia and Béarn – allude to the other territories that Andorra has historically been reliant upon.[3] At the bottom is the country's motto – Strength united is stronger (Latin: Virtus unita fortior).[2][10]

Uses

The coat of arms is employed on the centre yellow band of the flag of Andorra.[10][11] It also features extensively on coins minted by Andorra.[5][12]

Variations

Coat of arms of the High Authorities
Co-Princes and Head of the Government

See also

References

  1. ^ [http://www.consellgeneral.ad/fitxers/documents/lleis-1989-2002/llei-sobre-la-utilitzacio-dels-signes-destat.pdf Lleis. Sentències del Tribunal Constitucional]
  2. ^ a b c d Smith, Whitney (February 2, 2001). "Flag of Andorra". Encyclopedia Britannica. Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc. Retrieved March 14, 2017.
  3. ^ a b Kindersley, Dorling (January 6, 2009). Complete Flags of the World. Dorling Kindersley Ltd. p. 134. ISBN 9780756654863. Retrieved March 14, 2017.
  4. ^ "Els Coprínceps inauguren el Consell General" (in Catalan). Andorra Difusió. June 12, 2014. Retrieved March 14, 2017.
  5. ^ a b Whitby, Joan (May 14, 1966). "Coin collecting corner". The StarPhoenix. Saskatoon. Retrieved March 15, 2017.
  6. ^ "Constitution of the Principality of Andorra". General Council – Principality of Andorra. Government of Andorra. p. 11. Retrieved March 14, 2017.
  7. ^ "Andorra Adopts Constitution For a Parliamentary System". The New York Times. March 15, 1993. Retrieved March 14, 2017.
  8. ^ Shaw, Carol P. (2004). Flags. HarperCollins UK. p. 29. ISBN 9780007165261. Retrieved March 15, 2017.
  9. ^ "Andorra". World Tourism Organization. United Nations. Retrieved March 14, 2017.
  10. ^ a b "Andorra". The World Factbook. CIA. Retrieved March 14, 2017.
  11. ^ Augustin, Byron (2009). Andorra. Marshall Cavendish. p. 37. ISBN 9780761431220. Retrieved March 14, 2017. andorra coat of arms.
  12. ^ Palmer, Gary L. (April 10, 1981). "The Coin Box". Lodi News-Sentinel. Retrieved March 15, 2017.