Cognitive tests are assessments of the cognitive capabilities of humans and other animals. Tests administered to humans include various forms of IQ tests; those administered to animals include the mirror test (a test of visual self-awareness) and the T maze test (which tests learning ability). Such testing is used in psychology and psychometrics, as well as other fields studying human and animal intelligence.

Modern cognitive tests originated through the work of James McKeen Cattell who coined the term "mental tests". They followed Francis Galton's development of physical and physiological tests. For example, Galton measured strength of grip and height and weight. He established an "Anthropometric Laboratory" in the 1880s where patrons paid to have physical and physiological attributes measured. Galton's measurements had an enormous influence on psychology. Cattell continued the measurement approach with simple measurements of perception. Cattell's tests were eventually abandoned in favor of the battery test approach developed by Alfred Binet.

List of human tests

Human tests of cognitive ability measure a wide spectrum of mental abilities. When considering tests of cognitive ability, it is paramount to consider evidence for their reliability, validity, length, and mode of administration (e.g., some assessments require a trained administrator to be present with the respondent). It is also essential to understand which cognitive abilities are measured by each test and sub-test.[1] There are also free, searchable websites with compendia of tests and the constructs they measure. Below are a small sample of some of the best-known measures of cognitive abilities and brief descriptions of their content:

List of animal tests

See also


  1. ^ Stanek, Kevin C.; Ones, Deniz S. (2018), "Taxonomies and Compendia of Cognitive Ability and Personality Constructs and Measures Relevant to Industrial, Work and Organizational Psychology", The SAGE Handbook of Industrial, Work and Organizational Psychology: Personnel Psychology and Employee Performance, 1 Oliver's Yard, 55 City Road London EC1Y 1SP: SAGE Publications Ltd, pp. 366–407, doi:10.4135/9781473914940.n14, ISBN 978-1-4462-0721-5, retrieved 2024-02-13((citation)): CS1 maint: location (link)
  2. ^ "Inductive Reasoning | Example Questions | Assessment Advice | SHL Direct". Retrieved 2019-05-05.
  3. ^ "Situational Judgement | Example Questions | Assessment Advice | SHL Direct". Retrieved 2019-05-05.
  4. ^ "Kohs Block Design Test". Retrieved 2019-05-05.
  5. ^ "MAT (Miller Analogies Test) | About". Retrieved 2019-05-05.
  6. ^ "What is The OLSAT Test? Learn About The OLSAT 8". TestPrep-Online. Retrieved 2019-05-05.
  7. ^ "OLSAT-8 Otis-Lennon School Ability Test 8th Edition". Retrieved 2019-05-05.
  8. ^ Bilker, Warren B.; Hansen, John A.; Brensinger, Colleen M.; Richard, Jan; Gur, Raquel E.; Gur, Ruben C. (17 May 2012). "Development of Abbreviated Nine-Item Forms of the Raven's Standard Progressive Matrices Test". Assessment. 19 (3): 354–369. doi:10.1177/1073191112446655. PMC 4410094. PMID 22605785.
  9. ^ "Stanford-Binet Test & IQ Scale | Stanford Binet IQ Test". Retrieved 2019-05-05.
  10. ^ "What does the Stanford-Binet Test Measure | Stanford-Binet Test" (PDF). Retrieved 2019-05-05.
  11. ^ "Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS) | IQ Test Prep". Retrieved 2020-01-17.
  12. ^ "Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC) | IQ Test Prep". Retrieved 2020-01-17.
  13. ^ "Wechsler Preschool & Primary Scale of Intelligence | IQ Test Prep". Retrieved 2020-01-17.
  14. ^ "What is the Wonderlic Personnel Test? (with pictures)". wiseGEEK. Retrieved 2019-05-05.
  15. ^ Johnson, Richard (2018-03-03). "Draftees sometimes bomb the Wonderlic. I took it and failed too". Retrieved 2019-05-05.
  16. ^ "Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery (CANTAB)" (PDF).
  17. ^ "CANTAB Cognitive Research Software". Retrieved 2019-05-05.
  18. ^ "Cognitive Abilities Test". 20 August 2019. Retrieved 2022-07-07.
  19. ^ Wesnes, Keith A. (September 2000). "The value of assessing cognitive function in drug development". Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience. 2 (3): 183–202. doi:10.31887/DCNS.2000.2.3/kwesnes. PMC 3181606. PMID 22033754.
  20. ^ "GESIS - Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences". Retrieved 2019-05-05.
  21. ^ Richardson, John T.E. (November 2005). "Knox's cube imitation test: A historical review and an experimental analysis". Brain and Cognition. 59 (2): 183–213. doi:10.1016/j.bandc.2005.06.001. PMID 16099086. S2CID 42436722.
  22. ^ Richardson, John T.E. (November 2005). "Knox's cube imitation test: A historical review and an experimental analysis". Brain and Cognition. 59 (2): 183–213. doi:10.1016/j.bandc.2005.06.001. PMID 16099086. S2CID 42436722.
  23. ^ "Knox Cube Imitation Test". Retrieved 2019-05-05.
  24. ^ Gierl, Mark J.; Bulut, Okan; Guo, Qi; Zhang, Xinxin (17 August 2017). "Developing, Analyzing, and Using Distractors for Multiple-Choice Tests in Education: A Comprehensive Review". Review of Educational Research. 87 (6): 1082–1116. doi:10.3102/0034654317726529. S2CID 149090154.
  25. ^ "Foreign Language Assessment Directory - Details". Retrieved 2019-05-06.
  26. ^ Johnson, Bruce (2007). Talking and Listening in the Age of Modernity: Essays on the history of sound (PDF). doi:10.22459/tlam.11.2007.09. ISBN 978-1-921313-47-9.
  27. ^ Hjørland, Birger (March 2013). "Facet analysis: The logical approach to knowledge organization". Information Processing & Management. 49 (2): 545–557. doi:10.1016/j.ipm.2012.10.001.
  28. ^ "Sally Anne Test - Educate Autism". Archived from the original on 2020-06-30. Retrieved 2019-05-06.
  29. ^ "Neuropsychological Evaluation FAQ | Department of Neurology". Retrieved 2019-05-06.

Further reading

  • Anastasi, Anne; Urbina, Susana (1997). Psychological Testing (Seventh ed.). Upper Saddle River (NJ): Prentice Hall. ISBN 978-0-02-303085-7.
  • Goldstein, Gerald; Beers, Susan, eds. (2004). Comprehensive Handbook of Psychological Assessment: Volume I: Intellectual and Neurological Assessment. Hoboken (NJ): John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 978-0-471-41611-1.
  • Gregory, Robert J. (2011). Psychological Testing: History, Principles, and Applications (Sixth ed.). Boston: Allyn & Bacon. ISBN 978-0-205-78214-7.
  • Groth-Marnat, Gary (2009). Handbook of Psychological Assessment (Fifth ed.). Hoboken (NJ): Wiley. ISBN 978-0-470-08358-1.
  • Hogan, Thomas P.; Cannon, Brooke (2007). Psychological Testing: A Practical Introduction (Second ed.). Hoboken (NJ): John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 978-0-471-73807-7.
  • Kaufman, Alan S. (2009). IQ Testing 101. New York: Springer Publishing. ISBN 978-0-8261-0629-2.
  • Sattler, Jerome M. (2008). Assessment of Children: Cognitive Foundations. La Mesa (CA): Jerome M. Sattler, Publisher. ISBN 978-0-9702671-4-6.