This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in French. (July 2014) Click [show] for important translation instructions. View a machine-translated version of the French article. Machine translation like DeepL or Google Translate is a useful starting point for translations, but translators must revise errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate, rather than simply copy-pasting machine-translated text into the English Wikipedia. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. You must provide copyright attribution in the edit summary accompanying your translation by providing an interlanguage link to the source of your translation. A model attribution edit summary Content in this edit is translated from the existing French Wikipedia article at [[:fr:Col de la Schlucht]]; see its history for attribution. You should also add the template ((Translated|fr|Col de la Schlucht)) to the talk page. For more guidance, see Wikipedia:Translation.
Col de la Schlucht
Signpost
Elevation1,139 m (3,737 ft)[1]
Traversed byD417
LocationHaut-Rhin / Vosges, France
RangeVosges Mountains
Coordinates48°3′50″N 7°1′21.6″E / 48.06389°N 7.022667°E / 48.06389; 7.022667Coordinates: 48°3′50″N 7°1′21.6″E / 48.06389°N 7.022667°E / 48.06389; 7.022667
Col de la Schlucht
Col de la Schlucht
Location of Col de la Schlucht

The Col de la Schlucht (elevation 1,139 m (3,737 ft)) is a mountain pass in the Vosges Mountains of France. On the west side lies the historical region of Lorraine (Lothringen in German),[2] on the east side lies the historical region of Alsace (Elsass in German).[3]

The pass takes its name from the German word "Schlucht", meaning "gorge" or "ravine". It connects Munster (Haut-Rhin) with Gérardmer (Vosges) (east–west, via the D417) and is also crossed by the Route des Crêtes (north–south, D61 and D430).

Near the Col, along the Route des Crêtes (D430) is the source of the Meurthe.

The climb over the pass has been used several times in the Tour de France cycle race.

History

Between 1871 and 1918, the pass was a border crossing between Lorraine (France) and Alsace, which had been ceded to Germany under the Treaty of Frankfurt.

Prior to World War I, the pass could be accessed via two separate tramway lines, from Gérardmer (opened 1904) and Munster (opened 1907) respectively. Both lines were abandoned at the outbreak of the war; that from Munster was never re-opened, whereas the line from Gérardmer continued in service until 1940.

Facilities

Winter sports

Col de la Schlucht is reputed to have the first ski-lift in the Vosges[4] and has long been a popular destination for wintersports such as cross-country skiing and alpine skiing. It is also a popular area for snowshoeing.

Hiking

There are many trails marked by Club Vosgien. The most famous is probably the Sentier des Roches,[5] a rocky footpath along the edge of a ridge near the Col which is closed in winter. This is considered to be one of the most impressive (and dangerous) Alsatian mountain paths.[6][7][8] It is a part of GR 531 and can be used to go to Hohneck via Frankenthal.

Col de la Schlucht also lies on GR 5 and GRP Tour de la Vologne.[9]

Lifts and luge

The lifts usually keep working in summer. The seats can carry a backpack or even a bicycle, making it possible to go mountain biking (a mountain bike is a VTT in French).

There is a ski-lift up Montabey; from the top of the ski-lift, in summer, there is a luge run back down to the Col.[10][11][12]

Details of the climbs

From the west, the climb starts at Le Kertoff, 4 km (2 mi) before Gérardmer. From here, the climb is 17.0 km (10.6 mi) long gaining 531 m (1,742 ft) in height at an average gradient of 3.1%. The steepest section is at 6.7%.[13] This was the climb used in the 2009 Tour de France.[14]

The climb from the east starts at Munster from where there are 18.0 km (11.2 mi) to the summit, gaining 759 m (2,490 ft) in height. The overall average gradient is 4.2%, which is maintained fairly steadily throughout the climb.[15]

From La Bresse (south-west), the ascent via D34 is 16.2 km (10.1 mi) long climbing 494 m (1,621 ft) at an average gradient of 3.0%. This climb passes the Col des Feignes (954 m (3,130 ft)) en route, after which there are 2 km (1 mi) at between 7 and 8%.[16]

From Fraize (north-west), the climb is 21.0 km (13.0 mi) at an average of 3.0%, gaining 652 m (2,139 ft) in height.[17]

The summit can also be accessed via Route des Crêtes from the Col du Bonhomme (north) or the Col du Grand Ballon (south).[10]

Tour de France

The climb over the pass was first used on stage 20 of the 1931 Tour de France, when the summit was crossed by a group of riders,[18] although André Leducq was the first across the line after the descent into Colmar.[19]

Appearances in the Tour de France (since 1947)

Since World War II, the col has been crossed eight times, either as a Category 2 or Category 3 climb.[14]

Year Stage Category Start Finish Leader at the summit
2014 9 2 Gérardmer Mulhouse  Thomas Voeckler (FRA)
2009 13 2 Vittel Colmar  Rubén Pérez (ESP)
2005 8 2 Pforzheim Gérardmer  Andreas Klöden (DEU)
1992 11 2 Strasbourg Mulhouse  Fabio Roscioli (ITA)
1973 5 2 Nancy Mulhouse  Charly Grosskost (FRA)
1970 9 2 Saarlouis Mulhouse  Silvano Schiavon (ITA)
1969 5 3 Nancy Mulhouse  Mariano Díaz (ESP)
1961 6 3 Strasbourg Belfort  Jef Planckaert (BEL)

References

  1. ^ IGN map
  2. ^ Lorraine on the Brittanica website
  3. ^ Alsace on the Brittanica website
  4. ^ The history of ski-lifts (in French)
  5. ^ Le Sentier des Roches on the IGNrando website
  6. ^ "Le Sentier des Roches – Hohneck" (in French). www.alsacerando.com. Retrieved 3 August 2012.
  7. ^ "A l'Attaque du Mythique Sentier des Roches" (in French). www.vosges-palatinat.com. Retrieved 3 August 2012.
  8. ^ "Le Sentier des Roches ... au Col de la Schlucht". Marche – Passion (in French). www.marche-passion.fr. Retrieved 3 August 2012.
  9. ^ GRP Tour de la Vologne on the Gerardmer website
  10. ^ a b "Route des Cretes, Vosges". French Moments. Archived from the original on 14 March 2012. Retrieved 1 August 2012.
  11. ^ "Summer Luge at 'Col de la Schlucht'". www.yourtour.com. Retrieved 3 August 2012.
  12. ^ "Summer sledge in Col de la Schlucht". www.labresse.net. Archived from the original on 22 February 2013. Retrieved 3 August 2012.
  13. ^ "Col de la Schlucht: Le Kertoff". www.climbbybike.com. Retrieved 1 August 2012.
  14. ^ a b "Le col de la Schlucht dans le Tour de France depuis 1947" (in French). ledicodutour. Retrieved 1 August 2012.
  15. ^ "Col de la Schlucht: Munster". www.climbbybike.com. Retrieved 1 August 2012.
  16. ^ "Col de la Schlucht: La Bresse". www.climbbybike.com. Retrieved 1 August 2012.
  17. ^ "Col de la Schlucht: Fraize". www.climbbybike.com. Retrieved 1 August 2012.
  18. ^ Woodland, Les (2003). The Yellow Jersey Companion to the Tour de France. Yellow Jersey Press. p. 265. ISBN 0-224-06318-9.
  19. ^ "Etape 20: Belfort - Colmar". 2ème Tour de France (in French). www.memoire-du-cyclisme.net. Archived from the original on 24 January 2012. Retrieved 1 August 2012.