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Colette Caillat
Born(1921-01-15)15 January 1921.[1]
Died15 January 2007(2007-01-15) (aged 86)[1]
Sèvres, France[1]
Scientific career
FieldsSanskrit, Comparative grammar
ThesisLes expiations dans le rituel ancien des religieux Jaina (1965)
Academic advisorsWalther Schubring

Colette Caillat (15 January 1921 – 15 January 2007) was a French professor of Sanskrit and comparative grammar. She was also one of the world's leading Jain scholars.


Caillat was born in Saint-Leu-la-Forêt, Seine-et-Oise, January 15, 1921. She embarked upon her academic career with the study of Classical Latin and Greek, focusing on their literary and grammatical aspects. This led her to the study of Sanskrit under Louis Renou and Jules Bloch, who replaced Renou who was visiting India. Bloch played a key role in exposing his students to Indian classical languages such as Pali, Prakrit and Apabhramsha as well as modern Indo-Aryan languages. Encouraged by the strong presence of Indian students in his class, Bloch taught his students various details of Indian life.

After clearing the French “Agrégation” civil service examination, Caillat taught at various secondary schools, until she found a post at the Centre national de la recherche scientifique. She was then free to devote all her time to Indian studies, starting with a mémoire on nominal derivation in Middle Indo-Aryan which led her to read Jain texts under the supervision of Walther Schubring in Hamburg. Schubring led Caillat firmly on the path of Jain studies and encouraged her to participate in the Critical Pali Dictionary.

Caillat first visited India in 1963 and remained a regular visitor to India throughout her life. In India, she developed close contact with A.N. Upadhye, Pandit D.D. Malvania, H.C. Bhayani, Pandit Sukhlalji and Muni Punyavijayaji. She stayed and worked several times in Mysore and Ahmedabad.

Caillat first taught Sanskrit and Comparative Grammar at the University of Lyon from 1960 to 1966. She was appointed to the Sorbonne University (then University of Paris-3) in 1967, as the successor of Louis Renou who had died suddenly, where she remained until retirement in 1988. She died on January 15, 2007. Her academic tradition is continued by her students, included among whom is Nalini Balbir.

Awards and honors

Caillat was a commander of the Légion d'honneur, commander of Ordre national du Mérite, and commander of the Ordre des Palmes Académiques. She was elected a member of the Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres in 1987, and was a member of several other academies and scholarly associations.

Academic publications

Her contribution to the field of Jain studies and Middle Indo-Aryan linguistics is manifold. Apart from a number of articles, her main books are the following:[4]


  1. ^ a b c "Colette CAILLAT" (in Italian). Accademia delle Scienze di Torino.
  2. ^ "CAILLAT Colette" (in French). Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettre. 14 March 2011.
  3. ^ "Colette Caillat".
  4. ^ Jean Leclant (28 February 2011). "Bilan 2007" (in French). Académie des Inscriptions et Belles Lettres.