Collinsville, Illinois
Collinsville in 2017
Collinsville in 2017
Official logo of Collinsville, Illinois
Motto: 
"Horseradish Capital of the World"
Location in Madison County, Illinois
Location in Madison County, Illinois
Collinsville is located in the United States
Collinsville
Collinsville
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 38°40′28″N 89°59′43″W / 38.67444°N 89.99528°W / 38.67444; -89.99528
CountryUnited States
StateIllinois
CountiesMadison, St. Clair
TownshipsCollinsville, Nameoki, Caseyville, Canteen
Government
 • TypeCouncil–manager government
Area
 • Total15.26 sq mi (39.53 km2)
 • Land15.08 sq mi (39.05 km2)
 • Water0.19 sq mi (0.48 km2)
Elevation525 ft (160 m)
Population
 • Total24,366
 • Density1,616.10/sq mi (624.00/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
ZIP code
62234[4]
Area code618
FIPS code17-15599
GNIS feature ID2393598[2]
Websitewww.collinsvilleil.org

Collinsville is a city located mainly in Madison County and partially in St. Clair County, Illinois, United States. As of the 2020 census, the city had a population of 24,366.[3] Collinsville is approximately 14 miles (23 km) east of St. Louis, Missouri, and is part of that city's Metro East area.[5]

Collinsville is the location of Cahokia Mounds State Historic Site, a National Historic Landmark and UNESCO World Heritage Site. This prehistoric urban complex is estimated to have had a population of thousands at its peak, long before European exploration in the area. The city is also known for the Brooks Catsup Bottle Water Tower,[6] the world's largest ketchup bottle, and is billed as the world's horseradish capital.[7]

History

View of Collinsville, 1938

Cahokia, the largest Pre-Columbian settlement north of Mexico, was developed by the Mississippian culture and is located in what is now the westernmost part of Collinsville. At its peak about 1200 CE, Cahokia had a population of 20,000-30,000, more than any city in the present-day United States until after 1800. It includes Monks Mound, the largest prehistoric earthwork in the Americas, and more than 70 surviving smaller mounds. Monks Mound is larger at its base than the Great Pyramid of Giza.

During the French colonial era of its Illinois Country, a group of French Catholic monks had a settlement on Monks Mound, after whom it was later named. They cultivated agriculture on the terraces of the mound. They traded with bands of the historic Illini, who had migrated into the area after the peak of the Mississippian culture.[citation needed]

Collinsville was subsequently settled by the Cook family and by a group of German-American settlers who arrived by Conestoga wagon in 1812 from Pennsylvania. They founded Holy Cross Lutheran Church. They also had a hardware store, though they were mainly farmers. Within five or six years, a number of other settlers arrived and began to organize the legal work required to form a town on the site. These original settlers are all buried in the Cook Cemetery or the Old Lutheran Cemetery. Other early settlers are buried in the Old German Cemetery near Sugarloaf Road near Maryville.[citation needed]

During World War I, a Collinsville mob, composed mostly of local coal miners, lynched a German immigrant, the only such wartime murder in the country. On April 5, 1918, the mob numbering up to 300 men took Robert Prager from his home and paraded him through the streets barefoot and wrapped in an American flag, forcing him to sing patriotic songs. Collinsville police interceded and took Prager into protective custody. The mob was later mistakenly allowed to search city hall, and two men found Prager hiding in the basement. They took Prager outside and the mob marched him to the outskirts of town, along the St. Louis Road, where they lynched him.[8] His final request was to be buried in the American flag. Eleven men stood trial for the murder, but all were acquitted on June 1, 1918.[9]

Several historical buildings survive in Collinsville. Built in 1885, the City Hall is still used today. It was built on property originally owned by the Collins family. The building features Italianate architecture with window crowns. A short, half-block walk from City Hall is the former State Bank of Collinsville at the corner of Center and Main streets. Designed in 1916 by architect Robert G. Kirsch, this structure features a limestone exterior and marble interior walls. To the west on Main Street, the Collinsville Public Library is a colonial-style brick building with an inviting circular stone walkway; the first section was completed in 1937. Additional wings were added in 1967 and 1980.[10]

Geography

Collinsville is located mainly in southern Madison County at 38°40′28″N 89°59′43″W / 38.67444°N 89.99528°W / 38.67444; -89.99528 (38.674398, -89.995402),[11] approximately 12 miles (19 km) by air or 14 miles (23 km) by road east-northeast of downtown St Louis. Two portions of the city extend south into St. Clair County. Collinsville is bordered to the north by Maryville, to the west by Pontoon Beach and Fairmont City, and to the south by Caseyville. The 90W longitude line passes through Collinsville, west of the city center.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, Collinsville has a total area of 15.26 square miles (39.5 km2), of which 15.08 square miles (39.1 km2) are land and 0.19 square miles (0.49 km2), or 1.22%, are water.[1] The city is drained to the northwest by Schoolhouse Branch and to the south by Canteen Creek, both of which flow west into the Mississippi River valley in the western part of the city.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
18802,887
18903,49821.2%
19004,02115.0%
19107,47886.0%
19209,75330.4%
19309,235−5.3%
19409,7675.8%
195011,86221.4%
196014,21719.9%
197018,22428.2%
198019,4756.9%
199022,44615.3%
200024,70710.1%
201025,5793.5%
202024,366−4.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[12]

As of the census[13] of 2010, there were 25,579 people, 10,458 households, and 6,672 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,817.4 inhabitants per square mile (701.7/km2). There were 11,025 housing units at an average density of 811.0 per square mile (313.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 87.4% White, 11.2% African American, 0.8% Native American, 1.1% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, and 1.7% from other races (according to the "race alone of in combination" section of the Census Summary File 1).

There were 10,458 households, out of which 29.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.1% were married couples living together, 11.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.2% were non-families. 30.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the city, the age distribution of the population shows 23.2% under the age of 18, 9.7% from 18 to 24, 30.5% from 25 to 44, 21.9% from 45 to 64, and 14.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $42,353, and the median income for a family was $54,956. Males had a median income of $39,379 versus $27,409 for females. The per capita income for the city was $22,048. About 5.6% of families and 7.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.2% of those under age 18 and 6.6% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

Roads

Interstates 55 and 70 run concurrently through the north side of Collinsville, with access from Exits 9 through 15, while Interstate 255 passes through the west side of the city, with access from Exits 24 and 26. Illinois Route 159 passes through the center of Collinsville as Morrison Avenue and Vandalia Street, leading north 10 miles (16 km) to Edwardsville and south 5 miles (8 km) to Fairview Heights, while Route 157 (Bluff Road) crosses the west side of the city, leading north 5 miles (8 km) to Glen Carbon and south 3 miles (5 km) to Caseyville. U.S. Route 66 in Illinois originally passed through Collinsville.

Culture

Collinsville is the self-proclaimed "Horseradish Capital of the World", and sponsors an annual Horseradish Festival.[14] The area is said [who?] to produce 85% of the world's horseradish, of such high quality that Germany and China (key users of the herb) import it for gourmet use. The Horseradish Festival is held annually during the first weekend in June and is held uptown Collinsville on Main Street. It has activities for all ages, including a 5K run, live music, a beauty pageant, and root-grinding demonstrations.[14]

Known for its large ethnic Italian population, descendants of late 19th and early 20th-century immigrants, Collinsville hosts an annual Italian Fest in the fall. The Italian Fest has been held annually since 1983 and is located in uptown Collinsville on Main Street. This two-day festival features live music and vendors selling authentic Italian food such as spedini, spumoni, bagna cauda, cannoli, and Italian Ices. Other activities include a parade, midnight bike ride, 5K Run/Walk, Little Miss & Mister Pageant, Bocce Ball Tournament, and a grape stomp.[15]

The Brooks Catsup Bottle Water Tower, a water tower in Collinsville

Collinsville is the site of the Brooks Catsup Bottle Water Tower, "the world's largest catsup bottle", a 170-foot-tall (52 m) water tower in the shape of a ketchup bottle, which is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[16] The bottle along with the property was put up for sale for $500,000.00 on July 12, 2014.[17] In order to celebrate this roadside landmark, Collinsville hosts an annual World's Largest Catsup Bottle Festival in July.[18]

The Fairmount Park Racetrack for horse racing is located in Collinsville. The racetrack is owned by the corporation Ogden-Fairmount Incorporated. This is one of five race tracks in Illinois, and the only one located outside Chicago. Fairmont Park Racetrack features a one-mile oval dirt track and opened in 1925. The racetrack originally hosted both Thoroughbred flat racing and Standardbred harness racing. The racetrack has hosted popular races, including the Fairmont Derby in the 1920s and the St. Louis Derby in 2006, along with other weekly live races. Three restaurants are located at the track for visitors to enjoy: the Top of the Turf, the Black Stallion Room, and the 1st Turn Café.[19] Admission for live racing is $1.50 per person on Tuesdays and $2.50 per person on Fridays and Saturdays.[20]

The Cahokia Mounds State Historic Site is located within the city limits of Collinsville. This large park has been designated as a National Historic Landmark and was one of the first eight UNESCO World Heritage Sites designated within the United States; today there are a total of 23. A museum and visitors' center provide a movie and displays which present the lives of the ancient inhabitants.[21]

Notable people

References

  1. ^ a b "2022 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Illinois". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 10, 2023.
  2. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Collinsville, Illinois
  3. ^ a b "P1. Race – Collinsville city, Illinois: 2020 DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171)". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved February 10, 2023.
  4. ^ "Collinsville IL ZIP Code". zipdatamaps.com. 2023. Retrieved January 26, 2023.
  5. ^ City of Collinsville: History of Collinsville http://www.ci.collinsville.il.us/history.htm Archived August 19, 2016, at the Wayback Machine Retrieved January 13, 2007
  6. ^ "World's Largest Catsup Bottle". Retrieved November 6, 2012.
  7. ^ "Horseradish Capital of the World". Archived from the original on November 1, 2012. Retrieved June 13, 2012.
  8. ^ Stehman, Peter (2018). Patriotic Murder: A World War I Hate Crime for Uncle Sam. Lincoln, NE: Potomac Books. ISBN 9781612349848.
  9. ^ "Hunt Started for Lynchers of Enemy Alien", St. Louis Post-Dispatch, 5 April 1918; "Collinsville Mayor Let Mob into Jail, Thinking Prager Had Been Removed", St. Louis Post-Dispatch, 7 April 1918; "Coroner Says He Knows Five of Prager Lynchers", St. Louis Post-Dispatch, 6 April 1918; "11 Men Placed on Trial for Lynching of Paul Prager", St. Louis Post-Dispatch, 13 May 1918; "Plea of Prager Defendants to be He Was Spy", St. Louis Post-Dispatch, 16 May 1918; and "Jury Acquits Defendants in Prager Lynching", St. Louis Post-Dispatch, 2 June 1918.
  10. ^ Strebel, Neal. "Collinsville in Vintage Postcards". Collinsville Historical Museum. 2005.
  11. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  12. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  13. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  14. ^ a b "International Horseradish Festival". Retrieved April 25, 2015.
  15. ^ "Italian Fest – The Main Street Event". Archived from the original on May 14, 2015. Retrieved April 26, 2015.
  16. ^ "National Register". Archived from the original on February 20, 2013. Retrieved February 13, 2014.
  17. ^ "Collinsville catsup bottle up for sale". July 21, 2014.
  18. ^ "World's Largest Catsup Bottle Festival".
  19. ^ "Embrace the Race".[permanent dead link]
  20. ^ "Fairmont Park Racing".
  21. ^ "Cahokia Mounds State Historic Site".
  22. ^ "2020 Olympic Profile". 2021. Archived from the original on July 18, 2021. Retrieved August 6, 2021.
  23. ^ "Illinois Fighting Illini Roster - Michelle Bartsch". 2021. Retrieved August 6, 2021.
  24. ^ "Collinsville celebrates journalism legend Irving Dilliard. - Free Online Library". www.thefreelibrary.com. Retrieved February 18, 2024.
  25. ^ 'Illinois Blue Book 1907-1908,' Biographical Sketch of George M. McCormick, pg. 288-289
  26. ^ 'Illinois Blue Book 1961-1963,' Biographical Sketch of James O. Monroe, pg. 220-221
  27. ^ "Biography". Congressman John Shimkus. Archived from the original on October 6, 2019. Retrieved October 6, 2019.