Collo
القل
City and Common
Collo
Collo
Location in Skikda Province
Location in Skikda Province
Collo is located in Algeria
Collo
Collo
Location in Algeria
Coordinates: 37°0′20″N 6°33′37″E / 37.00556°N 6.56028°E / 37.00556; 6.56028Coordinates: 37°0′20″N 6°33′37″E / 37.00556°N 6.56028°E / 37.00556; 6.56028
Country Algeria
ProvinceSkikda
DistrictCollo
APC2012–2017
Government
 • TypeMunicipality
 • MayorDjamel Eddin Ghemired
Area
 • Total9 sq mi (24 km2)
Population
 (2008)
 • Total35,682
 • Density3,900/sq mi (1,500/km2)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
Postal code
21002
ISO 3166 codeCP

Collo (Arabic: القل, romanizedal-Qull) was an ancient Roman– a city of the Ottoman empire and Berber. Located in the northern Skikda Province, Algeria. It was the capital and one of three municipalities of Collo District, and a Catholic titular episcopal see under its Roman name Chullu. In 1998, it had a population of 27,800.[1]

History

In Roman times, Collo was a city in the province of Numidia, called Chullu. At the joint Conference of Carthage (411) that brought together Catholic and Donatist bishops of Roman Africa, Chullu was represented by the Catholic bishop Victor and the Donatist Fidentius. In 484, Quodvultdeus was one of the Catholic bishops that the Arian Vandal king Huneric summoned to Carthage in 484 and then exiled. Bishop Aurelius of 256 is assigned to this diocese by 19th-century Morcelli, but to Cillium (modern Kasserine) by 20th-century Berthier and Mesnage.[2][3][4]

In 1282, king Peter III of Aragon led an expedition to Collo, in proclaimed support of a rebellion against the ruler of Tunis. The rebellion had collapsed before Peter arrived, but he kept his army there for several weeks until, in the wake of the Sicilian Vespers, envoys from Sicily came to Collo to offer him its throne. The resulting war continued until 1301.

Geography

Collo has a total area of 9 square miles (24 km2). The city is distinguished by its containing of a mountain range, the most prominent of which are el Goufi (3,881 ft), Sidi Achour (177,1 ft), and the Tars Mountains. It is known for its various beaches and tourist attractions.

Climate

Collo's climate is classified as warm and temperate. The rain falls mostly in the winter, with relatively little rain in the summer. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, this climate is classified as "Csa". The average annual temperature is 63.1 °F (17.3 °C), and precipitation is about 32.3 inch (821 mm) per year.[5]

Climate data for Collo, Skikda (1991-2021 normals)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 56.6
(13.7)
56.9
(13.8)
61.8
(16.6)
66.1
(18.9)
72.2
(22.3)
80.4
(26.9)
87
(31)
87.7
(30.9)
80.8
(27.1)
75
(24)
64.6
(18.1)
58.7
(14.8)
70.7
(21.5)
Daily mean °F (°C) 50
(10)
49.9
(9.9)
53.9
(12.2)
58.3
(14.6)
64.4
(18.0)
78.1
(25.6)
78.1
(25.6)
78.7
(25.9)
73.3
(22.9)
67.5
(19.7)
58
(14)
52.3
(11.3)
63.5
(17.5)
Average low °F (°C) 43.9
(6.6)
43.3
(6.3)
46.6
(8.1)
50.8
(10.4)
56.8
(13.8)
69.6
(20.9)
69.6
(20.9)
70.8
(21.6)
66.9
(19.4)
61.2
(16.2)
52.2
(11.2)
46.4
(8.0)
56.5
(13.6)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 4.4
(112)
3.9
(99)
3.2
(82)
2.9
(73)
2.0
(51)
0.6
(14)
0.1
(3)
0.5
(12)
2.0
(52)
3.2
(82)
4.8
(122)
4.7
(119)
32.3
(821)
Average precipitation days 10 9 8 8 5 2 1 2 6 8 11 10 80
Average relative humidity (%) 80 78 78 78 76 69 64 65 71 75 77 79 74
Mean daily sunshine hours 6.2 6.8 8.0 9.2 10.5 11.9 12.3 11.3 9.5 8.2 6.8 6.2 8.9
Source: climate-data.org[5]

Demographics

Historical population of Collo
(Source: www.populstat.info[1], www.citypopulation.de[6])
Year1901195419661977198719982008
Population3,3007,00010,80012,40821,10027,77429,354

Titular bishopric

In 1833, the Roman diocese was nominally revived as a titular see of the lowest (episcopal) rank. So far, it had four incumbents:

See also

References

  1. ^ a b populstat.info Archived March 3, 2016, at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ Stefano Antonio Morcelli, Africa christiana, Volume I, Brescia 1816, p. 149
  3. ^ A. Berthier, v. Cullu in Dictionnaire d'Histoire et de Géographie ecclésiastiques, vol. XIII, Parigi 1956, coll. 1103–1104
  4. ^ J. Mesnage L'Afrique chrétienne, Paris 1912, pp. 274–275
  5. ^ a b "Collo climate: Average Temperature, weather by month, Collo water temperature - Climate-Data.org". en.climate-data.org. Archived from the original on 18 June 2022. Retrieved 18 June 2022.
  6. ^ "Collo (Collo, Skikda, Algeria) - Population Statistics, Charts, Map, Location, Weather and Web Information". www.citypopulation.de. Archived from the original on 20 June 2019. Retrieved 18 June 2022.

Sources and external links