Committee Representing Pyidaungsu Hluttaw
ပြည်ထောင်စုလွှတ်တော် ကိုယ်စားပြုကော်မတီ
Committee Representing Pyidaungsu Hluttaw logo.png
Established5 February 2021; 16 months ago (2021-02-05)
TypeLegislature in exile
Location
Websitecrphmyanmar.org

The Committee Representing Pyidaungsu Hluttaw (Burmese: ပြည်ထောင်စုလွှတ်တော် ကိုယ်စားပြုကော်မတီ; abbreviated CRPH) is a Burmese legislative body in exile, representing a group of National League for Democracy lawmakers and members of parliament ousted in the 2021 Myanmar coup d'état. The Committee consists of 17 members of the Pyithu Hluttaw and Amyotha Hluttaw.[1]

The Committee claims to carry out the duties of Myanmar's dissolved legislature, the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw, and has formed a government in exile, the National Unity Government, in cooperation with several ethnic minority insurgent groups.

History

Representatives elected in the November 2020 elections have not officially recognized the legitimacy of the coup d'état. On 4 February 2021, around 70 MP-elects from the NLD took an oath of office in Naypyidaw, pledging to abide by the people's mandate, and to serve as lawmakers for a five-year term.[2][3] The following day, 15 NLD politicians led by Phyu Phyu Thin, a Pyithu Hluttaw member representing Yangon's Mingala Taungnyunt Township,[4] formed the committee to conduct parliamentary affairs.[5][6] The committee held its first session on Zoom.[7]

On 7 February, CRPH condemned the military's efforts to overthrow a civilian-elected government as a "criminal act" in violation of Chapter 6 of Myanmar's penal code,[5][4] and dismissed the legitimacy of Myint Swe's Cabinet.[5] CRPH has also advised UN diplomats and the international community to work directly with the committee in relation to official government business.[5]

On 9 February, CRPH enacted the State Counsellor Law, extending the term of the State Counsellor of Myanmar for another five years, through 1 April 2026.[4] The same day, it issued a statement condemning the military's violent crackdown of the ongoing 2021 Myanmar protests, calling for the preservation of freedom of speech and its support of the civil disobedience movement.[8]

On 10 February, the committee announced the addition of two elected MPs from ethnic political parties, namely the Ta'ang National Party and the Kayah State Democratic Party.[9]

On February 15, the junta charged the 17 members of the CRPH with incitement under section 505b of the Penal Code, which carries a maximum sentence of two years in prison.[10]

On 22 February, the committee appointed Sasa as its special envoy to the United Nations[11] and Htin Linn Aung as special representative of its international relations office which opened in Maryland, United States of America.[12]

On 1 March, CRPH declared the State Administration Council (SAC) a terrorist group for its "atrocities and the act of terrorism" on the unarmed civilians.[13][14] On the following day, the committee appointed Zin Mar Aung, Lwin Ko Latt, Tin Tun Naing and Zaw Wai Soe as acting union ministers in its cabinet.[15]

On 9 March 2021,[16] the Committee named Mahn Win Khaing Than Acting Vice-President of Myanmar.[17]

The CRPH withdrew its designation of all ethnic armed organisations (EAOs) as terrorist groups.[18] The CRPH declared the abolishment of the 2008 Constitution and published a 20-page Charter for Federal Democracy on 2 April 2021.[19]

On 16 April 2021, the CRPH announced the formation of the National Unity Government, which includes ousted lawmakers, members of ethnic groups, and key figures in the anti-coup protest.[20]

Members

Name Constituency Political party Remarks
Phyu Phyu Thin Mingala Taungnyunt Township National League for Democracy (NLD) Member of Pyithu Hluttaw
Tin Thit Pobbathiri Township
Hlun Myint Bahan Township
Naing Htoo Aung Natogyi Township
Wai Phyo Aung Thaketa Township
Zin Mar Aung Yankin Township
Lwin Ko Latt Thanlyin Township
Okkar Min Myeik Township
Win Naing Mogaung Township
Nay Myo Nyaungshwe Township
Zaw Min Thein Laymyethna Township
Myo Naing Chanayethazan Township
Sithu Maung Pabedan Township
Lamin Htun Namhsan Township Ta'ang National Party (TNP)
Lama Naw Aung N Jang Yan Township Kachin State People's Party (KSPP)
Zay Latt Bago Region No.7 National League for Democracy (NLD) Member of Amyotha Hluttaw
Myat Thida Htun Mon State No. 8
Saw Shar Phaung Awar Kayin State No. 4
Aung Kyi Nyunt Magway Region No.6
Robert Nyeye Kayah State No. 10 Kayah State Democratic Party (KySDP)

Acting cabinet of Committee Representing Pyidaungsu Hluttaw

On 2 March 2021, the committee installed four government ministers, who would be responsible for nine ministries. Three of them are elected members from the NLD and one is the rector of the University of Medicine 1. According to the statement of the CRPH, its prime purpose is to fulfill the duties of the civilian government. The committee officially stated it would assign other suitable persons to assume the duties on behalf of cabinet members[21] On 9 March, it named Mahn Win Khaing Than, the third Speaker of the Assembly of the Union of Myanmar between 2016 and 2018, as the acting Vice-President of Myanmar and declared that he would perform the duties of the President in his absence.[22] The acting cabinet was abolished and formed the National Unity Government on 16 April 2021.

Heads of The Cabinet

Win Myint President Detained
Aung San Suu Kyi State Counsellor Detained
Mahn Win Khaing Than Vice President Former Speaker of the Assembly of the Union of Myanmar (2016-2018)

Cabinet members

Office Name Term in office Political Party
Took office Left office Days
Minister of Foreign Affairs Zin Mar Aung 2 March 2021 16 April 2021 45 NLD
Ministry of President's Office Lwin Ko Latt
Ministry of Union Government Office
Ministry of Planning, Finance and Industry Tin Tun Naing
Ministry of Investment and Foreign Economic Relations
Ministry of Commerce
Ministry of Labour, Immigration and Population Zaw Wai Soe, Dr. Independent
Ministry of Education
Ministry of Health and Sports
Ministry of Social Welfare, Relief and Resettlement Win Myat Aye, Dr. 23 March 2021 16 April 2021 24 NLD

[23][24][25]

References

  1. ^ "NLD အမတ် ၁၅ ဦးပါ ပြည်ထောင်စုလွှတ်တော်ကိုယ်စားပြုကော်မတီဖွဲ့စည်း". VOA (in Burmese). 5 February 2021.((cite news)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  2. ^ "ပြည်ထောင်စု လွှတ်တော်ကိုယ်စားပြု ကော်မတီကို ကိုယ်စားလှယ် ၁၅ ဦးဖြင့် ဖွဲ့စည်းလိုက်ကြောင်း NLD ပါတီ လွှတ်တော်ကိုယ်စားလှယ်များ ထုတ်ပြန်". Eleven Media Group Co., Ltd (in Burmese). Retrieved 9 February 2021.
  3. ^ "NLD lawmakers in Nay Pyi Taw defy military, take oath of office". Frontier Myanmar. 4 February 2021. Retrieved 6 February 2021.
  4. ^ a b c "ပြည်ထောင်စုလွှတ်တော်ကိုယ်စားပြုကော်မတီက အစိုးရဖွဲ့ဖို့ပြင်". BBC News မြန်မာ (in Burmese). Retrieved 9 February 2021.
  5. ^ a b c d "Amid Coup, Myanmar's NLD Lawmakers Form Committee to Serve as Legitimate Parliament". The Irrawaddy. 8 February 2021. Retrieved 8 February 2021.
  6. ^ "Myanmar politicians defy coup, say they are true government". Associated Press. AP NEWS. 5 February 2021. Retrieved 6 February 2021.
  7. ^ "After a decade of change in Myanmar, fear of the past drives anti-coup protests". Reuters. 8 February 2021. Retrieved 8 February 2021.((cite news)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  8. ^ "ဆန္ဒပြသူများကို အကြမ်းဖက်မဖြိုခွင်းရန် ပြည်ထောင်စုလွှတ်တော်ကိုယ်စားပြုကော်မတီ ထုတ်ပြန်". The Voice Myanmar (in Burmese). Archived from the original on 27 July 2010. Retrieved 9 February 2021.
  9. ^ "သတင်းထုတ်ပြန်ချက် အမှတ်( ၂ )". Committee Representing Pyidaungsu Hluttaw (in Burmese). 10 February 2021.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  10. ^ "Ousted MPs defy junta by appointing new government ministers". Myanmar NOW. 3 March 2021.
  11. ^ "Appointment of Special Envoy to United Nations". Committee Representing Pyidaungsu Hluttaw. 23 February 2021.
  12. ^ "Appointment of Special Representative". Committee Representing Pyidaungsu Hluttaw. 23 February 2021.
  13. ^ "မြန်မာစစ်ကောင်စီကို အကြမ်းဖက်အဖွဲ့အဖြစ် CRPH ကြေညာ". VOA (in Burmese).
  14. ^ "Declaration of Terrorist Group". Committee Representing Pyidaungsu Hluttaw. 1 March 2021.
  15. ^ "Appointment of Acting Union Ministers". Committee Representing Pyidaungsu Hluttaw. 2 March 2021.
  16. ^ "မန်းဝင်းခိုင်သန်းကို ဒုတိယသမ္မတအဖြစ် CRPH တင်မြှောက်". Radio Free Asia (in Burmese).
  17. ^
  18. ^ "Myanmar military, not EAOs, only terrorist organisation in Myanmar, CRPH says".
  19. ^ "The Shadow CRPH Government declares 2008 Constitution abolished and pledges a Charter for Federal Democracy". Burma News International. Retrieved 9 April 2021.
  20. ^ "Opponents of Myanmar's junta set up national unity government". Reuters. 16 April 2021. Retrieved 16 April 2021.
  21. ^ "Ousted MPs defy junta by appointing new government ministers". Myanmar Now. 3 March 2021. Retrieved 4 March 2021.
  22. ^ "Myanmar security forces raid compound of striking rail workers". Reuters. 10 March 2021. Retrieved 10 March 2021.
  23. ^ "CRPH က ပြည်ထောင်စုဝန်ကြီးတွေ စတင်ခန့်အပ်". BBC News မြန်မာ (in Burmese).
  24. ^ "ခေတ္တပြည်ထောင်စုဝန်ကြီး ၄ ဦး CRPH ခန့်အပ်". VOA (in Burmese).
  25. ^ "ပြည်ထောင်စုဝန်ကြီး ဒေါက်တာဝင်းမြတ်အေး တာဝန်ဆက်လက်ထမ်းဆောင်ခြင်း". CRPH Official Website (in Burmese). 23 March 2021. Retrieved 23 March 2021.