A community hospital can be purely a nominal designation or have a more specific meaning. When specific, it refers to a hospital that is accessible to the general public, and provides a general or specific medical care which is usually short-term, in a cost-effective setting, and also focuses on preventing illnesses and not only treating them.[1][2][3] The word community often occurs in the name of the hospital. The word community is used in the sense of a location-based community for a community hospital. The following sections describe community hospitals when referred to in specific countries.

Singapore

Main article: List of hospitals in Singapore

Outram Community Hospital, Singapore

In Singapore, community hospitals are a class of hospitals that provide continuation of care after discharge from acute hospitals, including rehabilitation and therapy.[citation needed]

Thailand

Main article: Hospitals in Thailand

In Thailand, community hospital is a specific classification of public hospitals with a capacity of 150 beds or fewer. They serve local populations in provincial districts, providing primary care.[citation needed]

United Kingdom

Friary Community Hospital, Richmond, England
Friary Community Hospital, Richmond, England

An older term "cottage hospital" is now no longer applicable, having falling from use because it inadequately describes the wide range of services being offered by their more modern equivalents.[4] For many years the development of community hospitals was ad hoc, reflecting history rather than any rational planning.[5]

England

The (non-statutory) phrase is used in England in a similar manner to Scotland. Actual arrangements will be under legislation applicable to the English NHS.

Northern Ireland

In Northern Ireland the phrase has similar use to Scotland but official publications give the appearance of community hospitals being more recent as a concept rather than a mere description.

Scotland

Leith Community Treatment Centre, Edinburgh, Scotland
Leith Community Treatment Centre, Edinburgh, Scotland

"Community Hospital" is not a statutory phrase but it is often used where there is "a unit or centre providing an appropriate range and format of accessible health care facilities and resources".[6] Medical care is normally led by GPs, in liaison with consultant, nursing and allied health professional colleagues as necessary. These hospitals are typically small, using either purpose-built new premises or smaller general hospitals which have been retained to provide non-emergency services after general hospital services have been transferred to more centralised facilities; in some cases the services include in-patient care. Community hospitals can assist multidisciplinary working and can be used as an extended primary care resource.[7] Community hospitals provide over 2,900 inpatient beds and over 750,000 outpatient, allied health professional and nurse led appointments. In many rural and remote communities this allows access to more specialised services and inpatient facilities closer to home.[8]

Wales

Chepstow Community Hospital, Wales

The (non-statutory) phrase is used in Wales in a similar (but possibly less restricted) manner to Scotland. Some are named as community hospitals and many more are also listed as having this function.[9] Some community hospitals have been chosen to act as a hub for services.[10] Actual arrangements will be under legislation applicable to NHS Wales/Gig Cymru.

United States

Ashland Community Hospital, Ashland, Oregon
Community of San Bernardino, California
Community of San Bernardino, California

The American Hospital Association (AHA) defines community hospitals as “all nonfederal, short-term general, and other special hospitals.” Health associations and hospital rating organizations, however, typically also say that teaching hospitals are not community hospitals. Some further restrict the community hospital definition to only include independently run facilities serving a local demographic. A basic definition, therefore, is a hospital serving a local community, run by local leaders, providing financial opportunities for the local economy. A community hospital can be either rural or urban.[11]

Africa

Bwindi Community Hospital, Uganda

Many of the rural hospitals in Africa are small, community hospitals.

Algeria

See also: List of hospitals in Algeria

Algeria has 273 community hospitals denoted EPSP, which stands for etablissement de sante de publique de proximite in French. Polyclinics are also used at the community level. There is an average of one polyclinic per 25,000 inhabitants in Algeria.[12]

References

  1. ^ "Is the Community Hospital a Dying Model, or is it the Future of Healthcare?". Becker's Hospital Review and ASC Communications. July 13, 2012. Archived from the original on November 16, 2017. Retrieved December 24, 2020.
  2. ^ "Fast Facts on US Hospitals". The American Hospital Association. Archived from the original on 2020-05-26. Retrieved 2013-07-21.
  3. ^ "American Psychological Association (APA): community hospital. (n.d.). Dictionary.com's 21st Century Lexicon. Retrieved July 21, 2013". Archived from the original on September 15, 2015. Retrieved July 21, 2013.
  4. ^ "Community Hospital" (PDF). Royal College of Nursing. March 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-05-13. Retrieved 2014-05-12.
  5. ^ Heaney, David (2006). "Community hospitals – the place of local service provision in a modernising NHS: an integrative thematic literature". BMC Public Health. 6: 309. doi:10.1186/1471-2458-6-309. PMC 1769373. PMID 17184517.
  6. ^ Richie LD, Community hospitals in Scotland; promoting progress, Department of General Practice and Primary Care, University of Aberdeen, 1996
  7. ^ "Building a Health Service Fit for the Future Volume 2: A Guide for the NHS" (PDF). Scottish Government. 23 May 2005. pp. 169–170.
  8. ^ "Community Hospitals: Strategy Refresh" (PDF). Scottish Government. 20 Apr 2012.
  9. ^ "Hospitals". NHS Wales. Archived from the original on 24 December 2020. Retrieved 20 May 2014.
  10. ^ "Hospitals in Communities". NHS Wales. Archived from the original on 20 May 2014. Retrieved 20 May 2014.
  11. ^ "The modern definition of a community hospital". Beckers Hospital Review. July 8, 2015. Archived from the original on 24 December 2020. Retrieved 6 July 2018.
  12. ^ "Investment in expanding clinics and hospitals improving Algeria's health indicators". Oxford Business Group. Retrieved May 17, 2020.