Directive 98/84/EC
European Union directive
TitleDirective on the legal protection of services based on, or consisting of, conditional access
Made byEuropean Parliament & Council
Made underArt. 57(2), 66 & 100a
Journal referenceL320, 1998-11-28, pp. 54–57.
Date made1998-11-20
Came into force1998-11-28
Implementation date2000-05-28
Preparative texts
Commission proposalC14, 1997-10-16, p. 7
C203, 1998-06-30, p. 12
EESC opinionC129, 1998-04-27, p. 16
EP opinionC152, 1998-05-18, p. 59
Other legislation
Amended by
Replaced by
Current legislation

Directive 98/84/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 November 1998 on the legal protection of services based on, or consisting of, conditional access is a European Union directive in the field of intellectual property law, made under the internal market provisions of the Treaty of Rome. The Directive covers "conditional access services", which are defined as television or radio broadcasts or internet services to which "access [...] in an intelligible form is made conditional upon prior individual authorisation" and payment. Examples are pay-per-view and encrypted television and internet sites which charge for access.

Member States may not restrict the provision of conditional access services which originate in another Member State [Art. 3(2)]. Devices intended to circumvent the access restrictions are prohibited (Art. 4).

The convention formed the basis for the Conditional Access Convention, a convention of the Council of Europe, to which the European Union is a party.

See also

Flag of the European Union
Enforcement of intellectual property rights in the European Union
Flag of the European Union
Directive 98/84/EC (Conditional access)Directive 2001/29/EC (DRM)Directive 2004/48/EC (Civil enforcement)Regulation (EC) No 1383/2003 (Customs enforcement)