Congregation for the Clergy
Latin: Congregatio pro Clericis
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Coat of arms of the Holy See
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Palazzo delle Congregazioni in Piazza Pio XII in front of St. Peter's Square is the workplace for most congregations of the Roman Curia
Congregation overview
FormedAugust 2, 1564; 457 years ago (1564-08-02)
Preceding agencies
  • Sacred Congregation for the Clergy
  • Sacred Congregation of the Council
TypeCongregation
HeadquartersPalazzo delle Congregazioni, Piazza Pio XII, Rome, Italy
Congregation executives
Websitehttp://www.clerus.va

The Congregation for the Clergy (Latin: Congregatio pro Clericis; formerly the Sacred Congregation for the Clergy and Sacred Congregation of the Council) is the congregation of the Roman Curia responsible for overseeing matters regarding priests and deacons not belonging to religious orders. The Congregation for the Clergy handles requests for dispensation from active priestly ministry, as well as the legislation governing presbyteral councils and other organisations of priests around the world. The Congregation does not deal with clerical sexual abuse cases, as those are handled exclusively by the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith.

History

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It was first set up as the Sacra Congregatio Cardinalium pro executione et interpretatione concilii Tridentini interpretum by Pope Pius IV in the apostolic constitution Alias Nos of 2 August 1564 to oversee the proper application and observation of the disciplinary decrees of the Council of Trent throughout the Catholic Church. It was commonly known as the Sacred Congregation of the Council. Pope Sixtus V's Apostolic Constitution Immensa aeterni Dei of 22 January 1587 expanded the Congregation's functions, entrusting it with the proper interpretation of the canons of the Council of Trent, resolving controversial questions relating to it, and monitoring provincial councils. It later lost many of its powers, retaining only those relating to disciplining secular clergy, but still held onto its original name prior to Pope Paul VI's apostolic constitution Regimini Ecclesiae Universae of 31 December 1967, which renamed it the "Congregation for the Clergy."

By 2009, Pope Benedict XVI made the Congregation responsible for managing the guidelines concerning clergy who maintained their clerical status after violating their vows of celibacy.[1] On 25 January 2012, Pope Benedict XVI gave it responsibility for regulating Catholic seminaries, which until then was the responsibility of the Congregation for Catholic Education.[2]

In January 2013, the motu proprio Fides per doctrinam transferred the competency on Catechesis from the Congregation for the Clergy to the Pontifical Council for the Promotion of the New Evangelisation.

In February 2019, Cardinal Beniamino Stella, Prefect of the Congregation, said that the Congregation manages the cases of priests who violate their vows of celibacy for approximately ten years. He said that "In such cases there are, unfortunately, Bishops and Superiors who think that, after having provided economically for the children, or after having transferred the priest, the cleric could continue to exercise the ministry."[1] In February 2020, the Congregation made public its guidelines for managing cases of priests who have fathered children. The guidelines were previously secret, though in 2019 the Congregation offered to provide then to a bishops conference upon request.[3]

On 3 June 2021, Pope Francis tasked Egidio Miragoli, Bishop of Mondovì, with conducting a review of the Congregation in anticipation of the replacement of its prefect in August. He expected it would take at least the month of June to complete.[4][5]

Leadership

Prefect of Congregation for the Clergy
Coat of arms of the Vatican City.svg
Portrait of Lazarus You Heung-sik.jpg
Incumbent
Lazarus You Heung-sik

since 2021
Congregation for the Clergy
StyleHis Excellency
Member ofRoman Curia
Reports toThe Pope
AppointerThe Pope
Term lengthFive years, renewable
First holderCarlo Borromeo

Since 2 August 2021, the prefect of the Congregation has been Archbishop Lazarus You Heung-sik.[6] The secretary of the Congregation has been the Chilean archbishop Andrés Gabriel Ferrada Moreira since October 2021.[7] In February 2022, Simone Renna was named under secretary.[8][9]

Prefects

No. Name From Until Appointer
1
Carlo Borromeo.jpg
Carlo Borromeo 1564 1565 Pius IV
2
3207 - Roma - S. Maria degli Angeli - Tomba card. Francesco Alciati - Foto Giovanni Dall
Francesco Alciati 1565 1580
3
Cardinal galero with fiocchi.svg
Filippo Boncompagni 1580 1586 Gregory XIII
4
Antonio Carafa (1538-1591).jpg
Antonio Carafa 1586 1591 Sixtus V
5
Cardinal galero with fiocchi.svg
Girolamo Mattei 1591 1603
6

Alessandro algardi, il cardinale paolo emilio zacchia, 1650 ca..JPG

Paolo Emilio Zacchia 1604 1605 Clement VIII
7
Ottavio Leoni - Francesco Maria del Monte.jpg
Francesco Maria del Monte 1606 1616 Paul V
8
Cardinal galero with fiocchi.svg
Orazio Lancellotti 1616 1620 Paul V
9
Guido Reni - Roberto Ubaldini - LACMA.jpg
Roberto Ubaldini 1621 1623
10
Card de torres.jpg
Cosimo de Torres 1623 1626
11
Cardinal galero with fiocchi.svg
Bonifazio Bevilacqua
Aldobrandini
1626 1627 Urban VIII
12
Cardinal galero with fiocchi.svg
Fabrizio Verospi 1627 1639 Urban VIII
13
Portrait of Pope Innocent X (by Circle of Diego Velázquez) - National Gallery of Art.jpg
Giambattista Pamphilj 1639 1644 Urban VIII
14
Cardinal galero with fiocchi.svg
Francesco Cennini
de' Salamandri
1644 1645
15
Siluestri á Petrasancta Symbola heroica (1682) (14562259038).jpg
Pier Luigi Carafa 1645 1655 Innocent X
16
Testana Giuseppe - Francesco Paolucci.jpg
Francesco Paolucci 1657 1661
17
Giulio Sacchetti, by Pietro da Cortona.jpg
Giulio Cesare Sacchetti 1661 1663 Alexander VII
18
Angelo Celsi.jpg
Angelo Celsi 1664 1671 Alexander VII
19
Paluzzo Paluzzi Altieri degli Albertoni.jpg
Paluzzo Paluzzi Altieri
degli Albertoni
1671 1672 Clement X
20
Benedetto XIII.jpg
Vincenzo Maria Orsini, O.P. 1673 1675 Clement X
21
Jakob-Ferdinand Voet - Portrait of Cardinal Federico Ubaldo Baldeschi Colonna (1624-1691) - Google Art Project.jpg
Federico Baldeschi Colonna 1675 1691 Clement X
22
Galeazzo Marescotti (cropped).jpg
Galeazzo Marescotti 1692 1695 Innocent XII
23
Portret van kardinaal Giuseppe Sacripante, RP-P-1909-4275.jpg
Giuseppe Sacripante 1696 1700 Innocent XII
24
Cardinal Bandino Panciatici.jpg
Bandino Panciatichi 1700 1718
25
CORRADINI PIER MARCELLINO.jpg
Pier Marcellino Corradini 1718 1721 Clement XI
26
Portret van kardinaal Curzio Origo, RP-P-1909-5284.jpg
Curzio Origo 1721 1737
27
Antonio Saverio Gentili.jpg
Antonio Saverio Gentili 1737 1753 Clement XII
28
Mario Millini.jpg
Mario Millini 1753 1756 Benedict XIV
29
Cardinale Giovanni Giacomo Millo.jpg
Giovanni Giacomo Millo 1756 1757 Benedict XIV
30
Cardinal galero with fiocchi.svg
Clemente Argenvilliers 1757 1758 Benedict XIV
31
Ferdinando Maria de
Ferdinando Maria de' Rossi 1759 1775 Clement XIII
32
Carlo Vittorio Amedeo Ignazio delle Lanze.jpg
Carlo Vittorio Amedeo
delle Lanze
1775 1784
33
Guglielmo Pallotta.jpg
Guglielmo Pallotta 1785 1795 Pius VI
34
Tommaso Antici - Kardinal.jpg
Tommaso Antici 1795 1798 Pius VI
35
Cardinal galero with fiocchi.svg
Filippo Carandini 1800 1810
36
Giulio Gabrielli.jpg
Giulio Gabrielli 1814 1820 Pius VII
37
Emanuele De Gregorio.jpg
Emmanuele De Gregorio 1820 1834 Pius VII
38
Cardinale Vincenzo Macchi.jpg
Vincenzo Macchi 1834 1841 Gregory XVI
39
Kardinal Paolo Polidori.jpg
Paolo Polidori 1841 1847 Gregory XVI
40
Kardinal Pietro Ostini.jpg
Pietro Ostini 1847 1849 Pius IX
41
Angelo Mai - Imagines philologorum.jpg
Angelo Mai 1851 1853 Pius IX
42
Cardinali Antonio Maria Cagiano de Azevedo (1797-1867) 19696qzv-front-shortedge-384.jpg
Antonio Maria Cagiano
de Azevedo
1853 1860 Pius IX
43
Prospero Caterini.jpg
Prospero Caterini 1860 1881 Pius IX
44
Coat of arms of Lorenzo Nina.svg
Lorenzo Nina 1881 1885 Leo XIII
45
Cardinal galero with fiocchi.svg
Luigi Serafini 1885 1893 Leo XIII
46
Angelo Di Pietro.jpg
Angelo Di Pietro 1893 1902 Leo XIII
47
Vincenzo Vannutelli 1913.jpg
Vincenzo Vannutelli 1902 1908 Leo XIII
48
Cardinal galero with fiocchi.svg
Casimiro Gennari 1908 1914 Pius X
49
Cardinal galero with fiocchi.svg
Francesco di Paola Cassetta 1914 1919
50
Mgr Donate Sbaretti (HS85-10-13671).jpg
Donato Raffaele Sbarretti 1919 1930 Benedict XV
51
Cardinal galero with fiocchi.svg
Giulio Serafini 1930 1938 Pius XI
52
Cardinal Maglione.JPG
Luigi Maglione 1938 1939 Pius XI
53
Francesco Marmaggi.jpg
Francesco Marmaggi 1939 1949
54
Coat of arms of Giuseppe Bruno.svg
Giuseppe Bruno 1949 1954 Pius XII
55
Coat of arms of Pietro Ciriaci.svg
Pietro Ciriaci 1954 1966 Pius XII
56
Jean-Marie Villot 1978.jpg
Jean-Marie Villot 1967 1969
57
Coat of arms of John Joseph Wright.svg
John Joseph Wright 1969 1979 Paul VI
58
Coat of arms of Silvio Oddi.svg
Silvio Oddi 1979 1986 John Paul II
59
External Ornaments of a Cardinal Bishop.svg
Antonio Innocenti 1986 1991 John Paul II
60
Coat of arms of Jose Tomas Sanchez.svg
José Tomás Sánchez 1991 1996 John Paul II
61
Cardenal Darío Castrillon.jpg
Darío Castrillón Hoyos 1996
Pro-Prefect
1998 John Paul II
1998
Prefect
2006
62
Hummes2006.jpg
Cláudio Hummes 2006 2010 Benedict XVI
63
Card-piac3.jpg
Mauro Piacenza 2010 2013 Benedict XVI
64
Beniamino Stella.jpg
Beniamino Stella 2013 2021 Francis
65
Portrait of Lazarus You Heung-sik.jpg
Lazarus You Heung-sik 2021 present Francis

Documents

References

  1. ^ a b Stella, Beniamino (27 February 2019). "For children of priests, the good of the child comes first" (Interview). Interviewed by Andrea Tornielli. Vatican News. Retrieved 10 February 2020.
  2. ^ "Benedict XVI: New motu proprios affect seminaries, catechesis". Vatican Radio. Retrieved 9 January 2015.
  3. ^ Cairns, Madoc (10 February 2020). "Vatican guidelines for children of priests are released". The Tablet. Retrieved 10 February 2020.
  4. ^ Beltràn, Fernando (7 June 2021). "Confirmado: El Papa ordena una visita a la Congregación para el Clero" (in Spanish). Info Vaticana. Retrieved 8 June 2021.
  5. ^ Scola, Paola (7 June 2021). "Una 'missione speciale' di Papa Francesco per il vescovo di Mondovì". La Stampa (in Italian). Retrieved 8 June 2021.
  6. ^ "S.E. Lazzaro You Heung-sik". Congregation for the Clergy (in Italian). Retrieved 4 August 2021.
  7. ^ "Resignations and Appointments, 08.09.2021" (Press release). Holy See Press Office. 8 September 2021. Retrieved 9 September 2021.
  8. ^ Bourdin, Anita (9 February 2022). "Congrégation pour le clergé: le p. Renna nommé sous-secrétaire". Zenit (in French). Retrieved 9 February 2022.
  9. ^ "Resignations and Appointments, 09.02.2022" (Press release). Holy See Press Office. 9 February 2022. Retrieved 9 February 2022.