The history of the Constitution of Chile dates from 1811. There were 10 constitutional texts and a draft for a federal organization in 1826. Its common elements are the unitary form of state and presidentialism as a form of government.

Independence process

In this time, statutes pursued guaranteeing the autonomy of the Captaincy General of Chile before the Spanish Crown, and later gaining full independence and consolidating an institutional system. The first texts were only provisional decrees and later became more established normatives.

Old Fatherland

New Fatherland

After the victory over Royalist forces, the Bernardo O'Higgins rule was created:

Institutional adjustment period

After O'Higgins resignation, there was a time of "political learning" that produced many constitutional texts that failed to take hold due to successive political crises.

Consolidated republic

After the end of the institutional crisis, Chile began to consolidate its political institutions, while living different influences throughout its history (conservatism, liberalism, populism, etc.).

In this period, texts are qualified as "authentic" constitutions in the sense that define the fundamental rights, establish the relationship between state and citizens, set and regulate the functions of branches of government and their authorities; mechanisms of law creation and constitutional reform. All texts define Chile as a unitary state, the president is both head of state and government, with a bicameral congress and independent judiciary.

See also


  1. ^ Bizzarro 2005, p. 63.
  2. ^ "Chile, national: Provisions for the Constitution (1812)". The Rise of Modern Constitutionalism (1776–1849). Retrieved 11 November 2016.
  3. ^ Collier & Sater 2004, p. 35.
  4. ^ a b Bizzarro 2005, p. 178.
  5. ^ Collier & Sater 2004, p. 46-47.
  6. ^ Collier & Sater 2004, p. 47-48.
  7. ^ "Chilean voters overwhelmingly reject proposed leftist constitution".