Consuegra
Consuegra
Consuegra
Consuegra
Consuegra
Coordinates: 39°27′43″N 3°36′23″W / 39.46194°N 3.60639°W / 39.46194; -3.60639
CountrySpain
Autonomous communityCastilla–La Mancha
ProvinceToledo
Government
 • MayorBenigno Casas Gómez
Area
 • Total358 km2 (138 sq mi)
Elevation
704 m (2,310 ft)
Population
 (2018)[1]
 • Total10,098
 • Density28/km2 (73/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
WebsiteOfficial website

Consuegra is a municipality located in the province of Toledo, Castile-La Mancha, Spain. In 2009 the municipality had a population of 10,932 inhabitants. It is 80 km from Ciudad Real and 60 km from Toledo. Consuegra is located in La Mancha region, famous for its extensive dry plains, vineyards and historical constructions such as windmills.

The principal economy sector is agriculture. The industry is predominated by textile and wood. Tourism has become a new economical source in the 21st century. The castle and the windmills are Consuegra's most important monuments.

Most Spanish windmills, like those described in Miguel de Cervantes' early 17th century novel Don Quixote, can be found in the community of Castilla-La Mancha, in central Spain. The best examples of restored Spanish windmills may be found in Consuegra where several mills spike the hill just outside town, giving a view of the 12th-century castle and of the town. Windmills are also located in Mota del Cuervo, Tomelloso, and Campo de Criptana.

History

The settlement dates back to pre-Roman times.[2] The Romans dammed the river Amarguillo upstream from Consuegra to regulate the water supply.

The castle was once a stronghold of the Knights Hospitaller of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem, part of the order's dominion in the Campo de San Juan.

In 1976, Consuegra made news worldwide as the only municipality in Spain that had reported a majority "no" vote in the 1976 Spanish political reform referendum, with an official result reported of 2,909 votes against democratic reforms and only 2,371 in favor. [3] Overall, 94.2% of Spanish voters had approved the changes. [4] The reported results prompted an angry response from village residents who accused the town's leaders of fraud, and the provincial election board voted to annul the results.

Main sights

Windmills

Windmills of Consuegra, with the Castle of La Muela in the background
Windmills of Consuegra, with the Castle of La Muela in the background

Consuegra is famous for its windmills. These windmills became famous in the 17th century, when Don Quixote was first published and introduced the scene of Don Quixote fighting with the windmills.

The introduction of the windmills into the local region was made by a "Caballeros Sanjuanistas", who brought these machines that helped millers to grind wheat. The windmills were transmitted from fathers to sons for generations, and eventually stopped being used at the beginning of the 1980s.

The windmills usually consisted of two rooms or levels. Millers had to carry sacks of grains that could weigh 60 or 70 kilos to the top floor, they rotated the sails of the windmill as the top part of the windmill or dome was movable. Other important parts of the windmill are tunnel (also known as canal, through it the grain goes down), container (where the grain is stored), and pieces of woods for moving the sails

There were originally 13 windmills in Consuegra, but only 12 have been reconstructed. These windmills are all located on a small mountain range south of the town, known as Cerro Calderico, that also hosts Castle of La Muela.

Each windmill has a name, to differentiate one from another.

Names in 1963
La zorra; La tuerta; Mochilas; Vista alegre; Panza; Bolero; Santo domingo; Chispas; Rastrero; Por si pega; Bateria; Espartero; Blanco.
Names today
Sin nombre; Clavileño; Chispas; Espartero; Rucio; Cardeño; Caballero del verde gabán; Alcancia; Ruinas; Sancho; Mambrino; Bolero

Castle of Consuegra

Main article: Castle of La Muela

Castle of La Muela

The original fortress at the site was perhaps built by emperor Trajan, but historical records only recall that a fortress here was initially built by Almanzor. During the Reconquest, in times of Alfonso VIII to the Knights Hospitaller. In 1813 it was destroyed during the Peninsular War.

In 1962 the castle was ceded to the town hall and underwent a period of reconstruction. This received an impulse in 1985 with the creation of the School Workshop, whose activity continue today.

Town hall and major square

The town hall is in Renaissance style and it is located at the major square, called "Plaza de España". It was built on 1670. Joined to the townhall it is the "La torre del reloj". In this square is the building called "Los Corredores" (17th century), which is a typical structure of La Mancha and which was an old townhall.

Crafts

The crafts are a tradition of "consuegra" noted for its quality and variety. The raw materials with these products are created normally are autochthonous, and are mainly from that region.

In the city can be found workshops of classically designed items, in which there are elaborate doors, iems, and furniture for domestic use, such as chairs or bedrooms and two great workshops in stone.

Festivals

The last October weekend includes the Rose of Saffron. This festival started in 1963. It is divided into several sections: the grain of wheat in Sancho's windmill, the choosing of a "Dulcinea" by the townsfolk, and a gastronomic competition. It was created in 1962 by D. Oscar Dignoes.

Some of its important celebrations are "San Antón", Easter or its own celebrations from 20–25 September, its more distinguish celebrations are "La Fiesta de La Rosa del Azafrán" and "Consuegra Medieval".

Gastronomy

Its gastronomy is from “Machegos food or Toledo’s traditional food”, such as migas (made up by small pieces of bread with "chorizo", bacon, ham...), gachas (made of flour, "chorizo" and more ingredients), and other types of food.

References

  1. ^ Municipal Register of Spain 2018. National Statistics Institute.
  2. ^ Spann, P (2016), Places: 265876 (Consabura/Consabrum), retrieved 1 July 2019 – via Pleiades
  3. ^ "Spaniards Give a Resounding 'Yes' In Referendum on Free Elections", The New York Times, December 16, 1976, p. 1
  4. ^ "A Town in Spain Creis Fraud and Has Its 'No' Vote Declared Void", by James M. Markham, The New York Times, December 23, 1976, p. 6