Consultative Assembly

مجلس الشورى

Majlis al-Shura
Type
Type
Term limits
4 years
History
Founded3 November 1981[1][2]
Leadership
Khalid Al Maawali
since 28 October 2011
Structure
Seats86
Political groups
  Non-partisan (86)
Elections
Last election
27 October 2019
Meeting place
Muscat, Oman
Website
http://www.shura.om
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Oman

Arab League Member State of the Arab League


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The Consultative Assembly (Arabic: مجلس الشورى‎; transcription: Majlis al-Shura) is the lower house of the Council of Oman. It is the only legislative body in Oman of which all members are democratically elected. The other chamber of the parliament is the Council of State (Majlis al-Dawla).

The assembly consists of 86 elected members. Each wilayah (province) in Oman is entitled to at least one representative in the assembly. Provinces with a population of 30,000 or above are represented by two members, while provinces with fewer than 30,000 inhabitants are represented by only one member. The winning candidates are the ones who obtain the higher number of votes according to the official election results. Oman does not allow political parties. Thus, only non-partisans have been elected.

Legislative process

As mentioned in the Basic Law of the State (de facto constitution), the Council of Oman has some legislative and oversight powers. The Council of Ministers (the main executive branch) must have to refer draft laws to the Assembly, which has to approve or amend it within a maximum of three months from the date of referring. Then it is referred to the State Council which has to approve or amend it. If the two chambers disagree, they take vote to resolve the difference. However, any bill passes both chambers, it must be approved and signed by the Sultan to become a law. The assembly has the exclusive power of interpellation to any of the services ministers.[3]

Requirements

Latest election

Main article: 2019 Omani general election

See also

References

  1. ^ "Majlis Shura - Our History". www.shura.om.
  2. ^ Abhyankar, Rajendra Madhukar (10 June 2019). "West Asia and the Region: Defining India's Role". Academic Foundation – via Google Books.
  3. ^ "Oman's Sultan Qaboos gives larger role to Shura". Gulf News. 21 October 2011. Retrieved 24 August 2013.