Flag of the Duchy of Cornwall and Banner of St. Piran
Flag of Cornwall.svg
Adopted12th Century (officially 1838)
DesignMolten Tin erupting on Black rock, found on the North Cornish coastline.
Standard of the Duke of Cornwall
Flag of the Duke of Cornwall.svg
UsePersonal Standard of the Duke of Cornwall
DesignSable; 15 Bezants Or Five, Four, Three, Two, One.
Duchy and County symbols of Cornwall
FlagSaint Piran's Flag
AnthemTrelawny
LanguageEnglish and Cornish
InstrumentCornish bagpipes
BirdChough
FishPilchard
Flower
TreeCornish Oak
Sport
CostumeCornish kilts and tartans
Colour
  • Black  
  • Old Gold  
  • White  
  • Blood Red  
Coat of Arms of the Duchy of Cornwall
Coat of arms of the Duchy of Cornwall.svg
ArmigerDuke of Cornwall, Prince Charles
Adopted1968; 54 years ago (1968)
BlazonCrown of the British heir apparent. Sable, fifteen Bezants Or; five, four, three, two, one.
SupportersOn either side, a Cornish chough proper supporting an ostrich feather Argent, penned Or.
Motto'Houmont' (or Houmout), meaning courage.
Earlier version(s)1337; 685 years ago (1337)
UseFor Cornwall and the coat of arms of the Prince of Wales
Coat of Arms of the Diocese of Truro
Diocese of Truro arms.svg
ArmigerDiocese of Truro
BlazonArgent, on a saltire gules, a key, ward upward, in bend, surmounted by a sword, hilt upward, in bend sinister, both or. In base, a fleur de lys sable. The whole within a bordure sable, fifteen bezants.
UseFor all churches in the Diocese and the Bishop of Truro

Many different symbols are associated with Cornwall, a region which has disputed constitutional status within the United Kingdom (confer the Constitutional status of Cornwall). Saint Piran's Flag, a white cross on a black background is often seen in Cornwall. The Duchy of Cornwall shield of 15 gold bezants on a black field is also used. Because of these two symbols black, white and gold are considered colours symbolic of Cornwall.

Saint Piran's Flag is the flag of Cornwall. It was first described as the Standard of Cornwall in 1838.[1] It has since been used by Cornish people as a symbol of identity.[2]

Chough

Cornish chough
Cornish chough

The chough (in Cornish = palores) is also used as a symbol of Cornwall. In Cornish poetry the chough is used to symbolise the spirit of Cornwall. Also there is a Cornish belief that King Arthur lives in the form of a chough. "Chough" was also used as a nickname for Cornish people.

Anvil

An anvil is sometimes used to symbolise Cornish nationalism, particularly in its more extreme forms.[citation needed] This is a reference to 'Michael An Gof', 'the smith', a leader of the Cornish Rebellion of 1497.

Fish, tin, and copper

Fish, tin, and copper together are used as they show the 'traditional' three main industries of Cornwall. Tin has a special place in the Cornish culture, the 'Stannary Parliament' and 'Cornish pennies' are a testament to the former power of the Cornish tin industry. Cornish tin is highly prized for jewellery, often of mine engines or Celtic designs.

Flowers

Several flowers and plants have been described as the Cornish national flower. These include broom,[3] furze (gorse),[4] rhododendron,[5] and Cornish heath.[6]

Although Cornwall has no official flower many people favour the Cornish heath (Erica vagans). In recent years daffodils have been popular on the annual Saint Piran's day march on Perran sands although they are donated by a local daffodil grower and it is already considered to be the National flower of Wales.

As part of a 2002 marketing campaign, the plant conservation charity Plantlife chose Thrift (Armeria maritima) as the "county flower" of the Isles of Scilly.[7]

Trees

The Cornish national tree is the sessile oak,[8] known in Cornwall as the Cornish oak.[9]

Food

The Cornish national dish is the Cornish pasty.[10][11][12]

Tartans


For further reading consult; Cornish kilts and tartans
For complete list of tartans consult; List of tartans

This list is incomplete; you can help by adding missing items. (August 2019)
National tartans
Image Name Notes
Cornish National Tartan.png
Cornish National tartan STA no. 1567[13]
Cornish Hunting Tartan.jpg
Cornish Hunting tartan STA no. 1568[13]
Cornish Flag Tartan.jpg
Cornish Flag tartan STA no. 1618[13]
Cornish St Piran
St Piran's Dress tartan STA no. 1685[13]
Cornish National Day Tartan.jpg
Cornish National Day tartan STA no. 1262[13]

Diocese of Truro

The arms of the Diocese of Truro include a saltire gules on which are a crossed sword and key: below this is a fleur de lys sable, all surrounded by a border sable charged with 15 bezants or. The saltire is the cross of St Patrick, taken to be the emblem of the Celtic church; the sword and key are emblems of St Peter and Paul, the patrons of Exeter Cathedral, and the fleur de lys represents St Mary, patron of the cathedral. The border is derived from the arms of the Duchy of Cornwall.[14] They were designed by the College of Heralds in 1877 and are blazoned thus:

"Argent, on a saltire gules, a key, ward upward, in bend, surmounted by a sword, hilt upward, in bend sinister, both or. In base, a fleur de lys sable. The whole within a bordure sable, fifteen bezants. Ensigned with a mitre."[15]

Cornwall, Ontario

Flag of Cornwall, Ontario
Flag of Cornwall, Ontario

The original settlement of colonial Cornwall was established in 1784, by disbanded Loyalist soldiers, their families and other United Empire Loyalists--primarily from New York-- following the 1776 American Revolution. The settlement they founded was later renamed Cornwall after the Duke of Cornwall, Prince George, and became one of the first incorporated municipalities in the British colony of Upper Canada in 1834.[16]

Cornwall County, Jamaica

Jamaica's three counties were established in 1758 to facilitate the holding of courts along the lines of the British County court system.[17] Cornwall, the westernmost, was named after the westernmost county of England.[17] Savanna-la-Mar was its county town.[17]

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ 'The Parochial History of Cornwall', by Davies Gilbert. (1838) Vol III, p. 332
  2. ^ Phil Rendle, Cornwall - The Mysteries of St Piran, The Flag Institute
  3. ^ John T. Koch, Celtic Culture: a historical encyclopedia, ABC-Clio, 2006
  4. ^ George Thayer, The British Political Fringe: a profile, A. Blond, 1965
  5. ^ Peggy Pollard, Cornwall, P. Elek, 1947
  6. ^ James Minahan, The Complete Guide to National Symbols and Emblems, Volume 1, Greenwood Press, 2009
  7. ^ "County flower of Isles of Scilly". Plantlife International - The Wild Plant Conservation Charity. Archived from the original on 18 March 2007. Retrieved 7 April 2006.
  8. ^ James Minahan, The complete guide to national symbols and emblems , Volume 1, 2009
  9. ^ "Will native trees thrive in the future?". West Briton. Archived from the original on 9 June 2013. Retrieved 7 March 2012.
  10. ^ "My angel in an apron cooks up the perfect pasty". Western Morning News. Archived from the original on 12 September 2012. Retrieved 7 March 2012.
  11. ^ James Minahan, The Complete Guide to National Symbols and Emblems, Volume 1, 2009
  12. ^ Lesley Gillilan, The Best of Britain: Cornwall and the Isles of Scilly, Crimson Publishing, 2009
  13. ^ a b c d e These tartans were checked in the Scottish Tartans Authority online database.
  14. ^ Pascoe, W. H. (1979) A Cornish Armory. Padstow: Lodenek Press; pp. 136-37
  15. ^ Cornish Church Guide (1925) Truro: Blackford; p. 33
  16. ^ 5 Star Flags
  17. ^ a b c Higman, B. W.; Hudson, B. J. (2009). Jamaican Place Names. Mona, Jamaica: University of the West Indies Press. p. 31. ISBN 978-976-640-306-5.
  18. ^ "Flags of the World". Archived from the original on 17 January 2007. Retrieved 15 September 2009.