This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in German. (February 2009) Click [show] for important translation instructions. View a machine-translated version of the German article. Machine translation like DeepL or Google Translate is a useful starting point for translations, but translators must revise errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate, rather than simply copy-pasting machine-translated text into the English Wikipedia. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. You must provide copyright attribution in the edit summary accompanying your translation by providing an interlanguage link to the source of your translation. A model attribution edit summary is Content in this edit is translated from the existing German Wikipedia article at [[:de:Crailsheim]]; see its history for attribution. You should also add the template ((Translated|de|Crailsheim)) to the talk page. For more guidance, see Wikipedia:Translation.
Crailsheim
The Johanneskirche, built between 1398 and 1440, is one of the oldest buildings in Crailsheim
The Johanneskirche, built between 1398 and 1440, is one of the oldest buildings in Crailsheim
Coat of arms of Crailsheim
Location of Crailsheim within Schwäbisch Hall district
Crailsheim in SHA.svg
Crailsheim is located in Germany
Crailsheim
Crailsheim
Crailsheim is located in Baden-Württemberg
Crailsheim
Crailsheim
Coordinates: 49°08′05″N 10°04′14″E / 49.13472°N 10.07056°E / 49.13472; 10.07056Coordinates: 49°08′05″N 10°04′14″E / 49.13472°N 10.07056°E / 49.13472; 10.07056
CountryGermany
StateBaden-Württemberg
Admin. regionStuttgart
DistrictSchwäbisch Hall
SubdivisionsCore city and 8 districts
Government
 • Lord mayor (2017–25) Christoph Grimmer[1] (Ind.)
Area
 • Total109.08 km2 (42.12 sq mi)
Elevation
414 m (1,358 ft)
Population
 (2020-12-31)[2]
 • Total34,661
 • Density320/km2 (820/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
74564
Dialling codes07951
Vehicle registrationSHA / CR
Websitewww.crailsheim.de

Crailsheim is a town in the German state of Baden-Württemberg. Incorporated in 1338, it lies 32 kilometres (20 miles) east of Schwäbisch Hall and 40 km (25 mi) southwest of Ansbach in the Schwäbisch Hall district. The city's main attractions include two Evangelical churches, a Catholic church, and the 67 metre tower of its town hall.

History

Crailsheim is famed for withstanding a siege by forces of three imperial cities - Schwäbisch Hall, Dinkelsbühl, and Rothenburg ob der Tauber - lasting from 1379 until 1380, a feat which it celebrates annually. Crailsheim became a possession of the Burgrave of Nuremberg following the siege. In 1791 it became part of the Prussian administrative region, before returning to Bavaria in 1806 and becoming a part of Württemberg in 1810.

Crailsheim's railroad and airfield were heavily defended by the Waffen-SS during World War II. Following an American assault in mid-April 1945, the town was occupied briefly by US forces before being lost to a German counter-offensive. Intense US bombing and artillery shelling destroyed much of the city, with subsequent fires consuming its historic inner city. Only the Johanneskirche (St. John's Church) escaped unharmed.[3]

Crailsheim became the postwar home to the U.S. Army's McKee Barracks until the facility closed in January 1994.[4]

Major employers in the Crailsheim area include:

The following boroughs comprise the Crailsheim municipality: Altenmünster, Erkenbrechtshausen, Tiefenbach, Onolzheim, Roßfeld, Jagstheim, Westgartshausen, Goldbach, Triensbach and Beuerlbach.

Transportation

Crailsheim is served by the Upper Jagst Railway.

Twin towns – sister cities

See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Germany

Crailsheim is twinned with:[7]

Crailsheim Merlins

The Crailsheim Merlins are the city's basketball team. Founded in 1986, they originally played in lower leagues. In 1995 they moved into a new sports hall, improved, and were promoted in 2001 to the 2. Bundesliga, the second division of German basketball. In 2015 they were first promoted to the Bundesliga but relegated after two seasons. They achieved promotion again in 2018. www.crailsheim-merlins.de

Notable people

References

  1. ^ Aktuelle Wahlergebnisse, Staatsanzeiger, accessed 14 September 2021.
  2. ^ "Bevölkerung nach Nationalität und Geschlecht am 31. Dezember 2020" [Population by nationality and sex as of December 31, 2020] (CSV). Statistisches Landesamt Baden-Württemberg (in German). June 2021. Retrieved 17 October 2021.
  3. ^ "HyperWar: The Last Offensive [Chapter 18]". www.ibiblio.org.
  4. ^ Buntjer, Julie (August 5, 2017). "Crailsheim's McKee Barracks closure led to land redevelopment". The Globe. Archived from the original on 2019-08-25.
  5. ^ "Syntegon Home < Company < Locations < Crailsheim". www.syntegon.com.
  6. ^ "Home - Schubert Group - Schubert Group". www.schubert.group.
  7. ^ "Crailsheim international - Partnerstädte". crailsheim.de (in German). Crailsheim. Retrieved 2021-02-11.