Crawley
PerthWestern Australia
CrawleyEdgeBoatshed.jpg
Coordinates31°59′10″S 115°49′19″E / 31.986°S 115.822°E / -31.986; 115.822Coordinates: 31°59′10″S 115°49′19″E / 31.986°S 115.822°E / -31.986; 115.822
Population4,095 (2016 census)[1]
Postcode(s)6009
Location5.8 km (4 mi) SW of the Perth CBD
LGA(s)City of Perth
State electorate(s)Nedlands
Federal division(s)Curtin
Suburbs around Crawley:
Nedlands Kings Park Perth
Nedlands Crawley Matilda Bay
Nedlands Swan River

Crawley is an affluent western suburb of Perth, the capital city of Western Australia. Whole area is part of the local government area of the City of Perth and previously shared between the City of Subiaco and City of Perth.[2][3] It is about 5.8 kilometres (4 mi) from the Perth CBD via Mounts Bay Road.

The earlier name of the locality was Crawley Park.[4] It was named by an early landowner Henry Charles Sutherland, whose mother's maiden name was Crawley.[5]

It is home to the University of Western Australia, the state's oldest university.

River-side features

Statue Eliza
Statue Eliza
Statue, shed and University tower from the east
Statue, shed and University tower from the east

The Crawley Edge Boatshed is a well-recognised and frequently photographed site in Crawley.[6] It is thought to have been originally constructed in the early 1930s. It has changed hands several times, and after being refurbished in the early 2000s, it was re-launched by triple solo-circumnavigator of the world, Jon Sanders, and single solo-circumnavigator David Dicks.

A statue called Eliza is also located in Matilda Bay in the Swan River, in Crawley. Created by Tony and Ben Jones, the statue was unveiled on 15 October 2007, to commemorate Crawley Baths, Perth's prime competition and recreational swimming venue from 1914-1964. Eliza is often dressed up in clothing to represent special occasions.[7][8]

The Royal Perth Yacht Club re-established on the shore of Pelican Point in Crawley after moving from its location in Perth, in 1953.

World War flying boat base

The Swan River at Crawley was utilised before the war as a flying boat landing location.[9]

During World War II, the bay in the Swan River at Crawley was the location of a flying boat base, for Patrol Wing 10,[10] which had to leave Surabaya in Java.[11] The base was also known as Pelican Point due to the feature in the river being the defining and identifiable location from the air, at the end of the bay.

After the war the base was decommissioned,[12] following opposition to a plan to re-develop and expand it.[13]

It was also the start point for The Double Sunrise squadron, which was formed in 1943 to keep the air route between Australia and the United Kingdom open.[14]

Population

In the 2016 census, there were 4,095 people in Crawley. 35.6% of people were born in Australia. The next most common countries of birth were China 15.8%, Singapore 7.1%, Malaysia 5.1%, England 3.5% and Indonesia 3.1%. 47.9% of people spoke only English at home. Other languages spoken at home included Mandarin 19.3%, Cantonese 3.6% and Indonesian 2.9%. The most common responses for religion were No Religion 42.0% and Catholic 11.9%.[1] The median age is 24, much younger than WA's median as well as national, which are 36 and 38 respectively.[1]

These UWA residential colleges are located in this suburb: St Catherine's College, St George's College, St Thomas More College, Trinity Residential College and University Hall.

References

  1. ^ a b c Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "State Suburbs: Crawley". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 2 December 2018. Edit this at Wikidata
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  2. ^ "Submission to the Local Government Advisory Board" (PDF). City of Nedlands. June 2014. Retrieved 13 April 2022.
  3. ^ Parker, Gareth (23 October 2014). "Mergers leave 3000 without a council". The West Australian. Perth. Retrieved 13 April 2022.
  4. ^ Brain, Alison V.(2001) Crawley Park and its occupants, 1829-1910. Early days, Vol.12, pt.1 (2001), p.39-46
  5. ^ "Crawley History Perth Real Estate". 28 June 2016.
  6. ^ for example http://henrietta.liswa.wa.gov.au/record=b2545015~S2 Archived 13 December 2013 at the Wayback Machine and http://henrietta.liswa.wa.gov.au/record=b2546795~S2 Archived 13 December 2013 at the Wayback Machine. Re ownership see: - (2000) Who owns this shed? -Boatshed off Mounts Bay Road badly vandalised and needs repair. Subiaco post, 6 May 2000, p.20, http://henrietta.liswa.wa.gov.au/record=b1948481~S2 Archived 13 December 2013 at the Wayback Machine - then - (2002) Historic boat shed back in Nattrass hands.Historic Mounts Bay Road boatshed bought by the Nattrass family.Subiaco post, 2 Nov. 2002, p.64 http://henrietta.liswa.wa.gov.au/record=b2110979~S2 Archived 13 December 2013 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ Thomson, Chris (25 February 2009). "Eliza statue gets set to have babies". WA news. Retrieved 2 September 2017.
  8. ^ Eliza on flickr
  9. ^ "FLYING BOAT ARRIVES AT CRAWLEY". Sunday Times (Perth). No. 1982. Western Australia. 19 January 1936. p. 1. Retrieved 15 July 2016 – via National Library of Australia.
  10. ^ Alsleben, Allan (2000). "US Patrol Wing 10 in the Dutch East Indies, 1942". Forgotten Campaign: The Dutch East Indies Campaign 1941–1942.
  11. ^ "FAREWELL TO "PATWING TEN"". The West Australian. Vol. 60, no. 18, 208. Western Australia. 17 November 1944. p. 2. Retrieved 15 July 2016 – via National Library of Australia.
  12. ^ "ONCE A FLYING-BOAT BASE". The West Australian. Vol. 63, no. 19, 072. Western Australia. 30 August 1947. p. 13. Retrieved 15 July 2016 – via National Library of Australia.
  13. ^ "AIR BASE". The West Australian. Vol. 62, no. 18, 648. Western Australia. 20 April 1946. p. 13. Retrieved 15 July 2016 – via National Library of Australia.
  14. ^ Catanzaro, Joseph (28 December 2010). "Herois squadron loses last pilot". The West Australian. Archived from the original on 25 September 2012. Retrieved 28 December 2010.

Further reading