Creaky-voiced glottal approximant

The creaky-voiced glottal approximant is a consonant sound in some languages. In the IPA, it is transcribed as ʔ̞ or ʔ̰.[1] It involves tension in the glottis and diminution of airflow, compared to surrounding vowels, but not full occlusion.


Features of the creaky-voiced glottal approximant


It is an intervocalic allophone of a glottal stop in many languages. It is reported to be contrastive only in Gimi in which it is phonologically the voiced equivalent of the glottal stop /ʔ/.[2]

See also


  1. ^ Kehrein, Wolfgang; Golston, Chris (2005). "A prosodic theory of laryngeal contrasts". Phonology. 21 (3): 325–357. doi:10.1017/S0952675704000302.
  2. ^ Ladefoged, Peter; Maddieson, Ian (1996). The Sounds of the World's Languages. Oxford: Blackwell. pp. 77–78. ISBN 978-0-631-19815-4.