Crew Dragon C205
Crew-Dragon (cropped).jpg
C205 at Cape Canaveral in January 2020.
TypeSpace capsule
ClassDragon 2
OwnerSpaceX
ManufacturerSpaceX
Specifications
Dimensions4.4 m × 3.7 m (14 ft × 12 ft)
PowerSolar panel
RocketFalcon 9 Block 5
History
LocationUnknown
First flight
Flights1
Flight time8 minutes, 54 seconds
Dragon 2s
← C204

Crew Dragon C205 is a Crew Dragon capsule manufactured and built by SpaceX. It completed its first flight on January 19, 2020, with the Crew Dragon In-Flight Abort Test mission where the capsule detached from the Falcon 9 B1046 booster at max q using the SuperDraco abort thrusters. This was done to test the functionality of the abort thrusters in an operational rocket launch.

Background

Dragon C205[1] was originally planned to be used on the Demo-2 mission and the Crew Dragon C204 capsule was intended to be used for the in flight abort test. However, the Dragon C204 capsule was destroyed during testing which caused SpaceX to change the Dragon C205 to this mission[2] and Crew Dragon Endeavour completed the Demo-2 mission.[3][4]

In-Flight Abort Test

The In-Flight Abort Test was completed as part of the CCDev by NASA to test the Dragon 2's launch escape system with the SuperDraco thrusters, before a Crew Dragon capsule could carry astronauts onboard for the Demo-2 mission.[5] The flight path of the rocket was set to imitate a crewed launch in order to match stresses of a normal flight.[5] The launch escape test started with the rocket liftoff at 15:30 (UTC).[6] The launch abort was triggered 90 seconds after liftoff, with C205 splashing down in the Atlantic Ocean at 15:38 (UTC) after descending under parachutes.[6]

Recovery

The SpaceX recovery ship GO Navigator recovered the capsule where C205 was taken back to Port Canaveral for inspection. While the trunk which separated from the capsule at the flight path apogee[4] of approximately 40 km was recovered by a second recovery ship GO Searcher, which returned to the port after the first ship carrying the capsule.[7]

Flights

Mission Patch Launch date (UTC) Duration Notes Outcome
Crew Dragon In-Flight Abort Test 19 January 2020, 15:30:00 8 minutes A mission to test the SuperDraco abort thrusters in a launch situation as part of the CCDev program. Success

See also

References

  1. ^ Ralph, Eric. "SpaceX's plans for a reusable Dragon spacecraft fleet detailed by Gwynne Shotwell". Teslarati. Retrieved January 15, 2021.
  2. ^ "Archived copy". www.spacex.com. Archived from the original on 18 July 2019. Retrieved 12 January 2022.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ Wattles, Jackie. "US astronauts disembark SpaceX's Crew Dragon and board the International Space Station". CNN Business. Retrieved November 24, 2020.
  4. ^ a b Atkinson, Ian (17 January 2020). "SpaceX conducts successful Crew Dragon In-Flight Abort Test". Nasa Spaceflight. Retrieved January 15, 2021.
  5. ^ a b Thompson, Amy (January 19, 2020). "SpaceX aces Crew Dragon launch abort test, destroys rocket on purpose". space.com. Retrieved November 25, 2020.
  6. ^ a b "NASA, SpaceX Complete Final Major Flight Test of Crew Spacecraft". nasa.gov. January 19, 2020.
  7. ^ Ralph, Eric. "SpaceX surprises after recovering spacecraft 'trunk' in one piece". teslarati. Retrieved January 15, 2021.