Cricket Australia
Cricket Australia.png
SportCricket
JurisdictionNational
AbbreviationCA
Founded1905 (1905)
AffiliationInternational Cricket Council (ICC)
HeadquartersJolimont, Melbourne, Australia
ChairmanRichard Freudenstein (interim)[1]
CEONick Hockley[2]
Men's coachVacant
Women's coachAustralia Matthew Mott
Operating incomeIncrease $99 million (2015 profit)[3]
SponsorPlatinum Partners:
Alinta Energy, Vodafone, Dettol[4]
Gold Partners:
Commonwealth Bank, XXXX, Woolworths, HCL, Toyota, Qantas, KFC, Fox Sports, Asics, Bet365
Silver Partners:
Cadbury, Marsh, Gatorade[5]
Official website
www.cricketaustralia.com.au
Australia

Cricket Australia (CA), formerly known as the Australian Cricket Board (ACB), is the governing body for professional and amateur cricket in Australia. It was originally formed in 1905 as the 'Australian Board of Control for International Cricket'. It is incorporated as an Australian Public Company, limited by guarantee.[6]

Cricket Australia operates all of the Australian national representative cricket sides, including the Men's, the Women's and Youth sides. CA is also responsible for organising and hosting Test tours and one day internationals with other nations, and scheduling the home international fixtures.

Background

Cricket Australia is an administrative organisation responsible for cricket in Australia. Cricket Australia has six member organisations that represent each of the Australian states. These organisations are:

Cricket ACT and Northern Territory Cricket are non-member associations, although the ACT participates in Cricket Australia tournaments such as the Women's National Cricket League and the Futures League, and previously briefly also competed in the domestic limited-overs competition.

Cricket Australia is governed by eight independent directors, who work collectively in the national interest of Australian cricket.[citation needed] The chief executive officer reports to the board of directors.

Each of the state cricket associations that are members of Cricket Australia also selects a representative side to participate in Australia's major domestic cricket tournaments.

Domestic teams, playing national tournaments

  State Men's side Women's side
  New South Wales New South Wales Men's Cricket Team Blues New South Wales Women's Cricket Team Breakers
  Queensland Queensland Men's Cricket Team Bulls Queensland Women's Cricket Team Fire
  South Australia South Australia Men's Cricket Team Southern Redbacks South Australia Women's Cricket Team Scorpions
  Tasmania Tasmania Men's Cricket Team Tigers Tasmania Women's Cricket Team Roar
  Victoria Victoria Men's Cricket Team Victoria Victoria Women's Cricket Team Victoria
  Western Australia Western Australia Men's Cricket Team WA Western Australia Women's Cricket Team WA
  Territory Men's side Women's side
  Australian Capital Territory Australian Capital Territory Men's Cricket Team Comets Australian Capital Territory Women's Cricket Team Meteors
  Northern Territory Northern Territory Men's Division Northern Territory Women's Division

Cricket Australia also maintains a healthy but independent association with the Australian Cricketers' Association to provide proper player's rights and welfare requirements.

History

The first centralised authority for the administration of cricket in Australia was established in 1892 when representatives from the state associations of New South Wales, South Australia and Victoria came together to establish the Australasian Cricket Council. However the Australasian Cricket Council was disbanded in 1898, and what is now known as Cricket Australia was established in 1905 as the "Australian Board of Control for International Cricket".[7] Before its establishment, tours by Australian teams to England were organised and funded by private groups or by the players themselves. Similarly, invitations to English teams were made by private promoters or by individual clubs, such as the Melbourne Cricket Club.[citation needed] The Australasian Cricket Council's one lasting action was to establish the Sheffield Shield, the first-class cricket competition between the Australian colonies.[8]

These early tours were lucrative for the players and promoters and cricket administrators looked to find ways to channel some of this money to the destitute clubs, through the state associations. Formal discussions began in January 1905 in Sydney for the formation of a body to take control of tours from the players. A draft constitution was discussed by members of the New South Wales, Victoria, South Australian and Queensland associations.[9] The first meeting of the new board was held at Wesley College in Melbourne on 6 May 1905.

The foundation members were the New South Wales Cricket Association and the Victorian Cricket Association. South Australia's delegates refused to join the Board because the Board structure denied the players any representation. The Queensland Cricket Association was represented as an observer only.[7]

Queensland did decide to formally join the association with one delegate member the following year, and the constitution was amended in 1906, so that New South Wales, South Australia and Victoria would each have three permanent representatives, and Queensland one representative. In 1907 Tasmania was permitted to send a single representative, and Western Australia did likewise in 1913. Changes to this structure were made in 1914 and 1974 respectively when Queensland and Western Australia formally increased their representation to two each.

As a result of the strict border policies introduced by the Australian government due to the Coronavirus epidemic, Cricket Australia effectively withdrew its team from Test match competition from February to November 2021. During this period England and India played 11 Test matches and Pakistan and the West Indies each played 8 Tests.[10] The Australian Test team resumed international competition at the Gabba on December 8 against England.

Name changes

Cricket Australia has had three different names since its foundation. They are:[citation needed]

Finances

The organisation's revenue was A$380.9 million in the year ended 30 June 2015, with a net surplus of $99 million largely attributed to the success of co-hosting the 2015 ICC Cricket World Cup.[citation needed]

Competitions

As well as responsibility for Australian international sides, Cricket Australia organises interstate cricket in Australia, including the three premier competitions in each of the major forms of the game. These are the Sheffield Shield in first-class cricket, the JLT One-Day Cup, which is the domestic one-day competition, and the KFC Big Bash League, which is the domestic Twenty20 competition.

Cricket Australia's competitions:

Cricket Australia also runs the Under 19 and Under 17 Male Championships, the Under 18 and Under 15 Female National Championships, the National Indigenous Cricket Championships and the National Cricket Inclusion Championships.

Honours

Cricket Australia also provides awards for various categories of players, including:

Cricket Australia also honours players for exceptional service to the game of cricket in Australia by annually adding former players of great distinction to the Australian Cricket Hall of Fame.

Principals / Chairman of Cricket Australia

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Chairmen

Secretaries & Chief Executive Officers

National Selection Panel

For a list of national selectors, see Australian cricket selectors.

The National Selection Panel is the part of Cricket Australia responsible for team selections for each of the Australian national sides in every form of cricket.

The current three-man panel for the Australian men's sides is: George Bailey (chairman), Justin Langer (head coach) and Tony Dodemaide.[11]

The current four-person panel for the Australia women's sides is: Shawn Flegler (chairman), Matthew Mott (head coach), Avril Fahey and Julie Hayes.

Board of directors

Cricket Australia is governed by nine directors, who work collectively in the national interest of Australian cricket.

The chief executive officer reports to the board of nine directors. The current nine board members are:

Name Affiliation Role(s) Term started
Richard Freudenstein Independent Non-Executive Director,
Interim Chairman since 13 October 2021
10 June 2019
Michelle Tredenick Independent Non-Executive Director 18 November 2015
John Harnden AM  South Australia Director 15 April 2016
Dr Lachlan Henderson  Western Australia Director 3 September 2018
Paul Green  Queensland Director 25 October 2018
Mel Jones OAM  Victoria Director 6 November 2019
Mike Baird AO  New South Wales Director 28 February 2021
Vanessa Guthrie AO Independent Non-Executive Director 28 February 2021
Greg Rowell  Queensland Director 10 June 2021

Last updated: 13 October 2021[12][13]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Eddings resigns as CA Chair ahead of AGM". Cricket Australia. 13 October 2021.
  2. ^ "Hockley confirmed as CA's next chief executive". Cricket Australia. Retrieved 31 May 2021.
  3. ^ Barrett, Chris; Hogan, Jesse (14 December 2015). "Big Bash League prizemoney tripled but players miss out". The Sydney Morning Herald. Sydney. Retrieved 30 March 2016.
  4. ^ "Dettol become naming-rights sponsor of Australia men's ODIs and T20Is". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 28 September 2020.
  5. ^ "Cricket Australia – Commercial Partners". Retrieved 3 October 2020.
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 29 October 2014. Retrieved 25 November 2008.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ a b Pollard, p. 57.
  8. ^ Pollard, pp. 49–50.
  9. ^ Pollard, p. 56.
  10. ^ "Cricket Australia cancels 2021 Test matches". ESPN.
  11. ^ "Dodemaide takes seat on Australia's selection panel". Cricket Australia. 18 October 2021.
  12. ^ "Our Board". Cricket Australia. 6 November 2019.
  13. ^ "Cricket Australia in flux as chair Earl Eddings stands down". The Guardian. 13 October 2021.

Bibliography