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Crimea Operation (1918)
Part of The Eastern Front of World War I and the Southern Front of the Russian Civil War
DateApril 13–25, 1918
Location
Result Ukrainian and Crimean military and strategic victory
German military and tactical victory
Belligerents
German Empire Germany
Ukraine
Crimea
Taurida Soviet Socialist Republic
Commanders and leaders
Robert Kosch
Mikhail Sablin
Petro Bolbochan
Anton Slutsky Executed
Jan Tarwacki Executed

The Crimea Operation took place in April 1918 when Crimea was cleared of Bolsheviks by Ukrainian troops and the Imperial German Army.[1][2]

The operation

With the assistance of the German Empire, the Taurida Soviet Socialist Republic was quickly overrun by forces of the Ukrainian People's Republic under command of Petro Bolbochan during the Crimean Offensive.[3] By the end of April 1918, the majority of the members of the Central Executive Committee and the Council of People's Commissars, including council leader Anton Slutsky and local Bolshevik chief Jan Tarwacki, were arrested and shot in Alushta by insurgent Crimean Tatars, partially in reaction to the prior killing of Tatar independence leader Noman Çelebicihan by the Bolsheviks earlier in February. On 30 April, the Taurida SSR was abolished.

Ukrainian warships in the port of Sevastopol, 1918
Ukrainian warships in the port of Sevastopol, 1918

The goal of both Ukrainians and Germans was to get control over the Black Sea Fleet, anchored in Sevastopol. Former Chief of Staff Mikhail Sablin raised the colours of the Ukrainian National Republic on 29 April 1918.[4] and moved a portion of his fleet (two battleships and fourteen destroyers) to Novorossiysk in order to save it from capture by the Germans. He was ordered to scuttle his ships by Lenin but refused to do so.

Most ships returned to Sevastopol, where they first came under German control, until November 1918 when they came under Allied control who later gave the ships to the White Russians (See Wrangel's fleet).

References

  1. ^ Tynchenko, Yaros (23 March 2018), "The Ukrainian Navy and the Crimean Issue in 1917-18", The Ukrainian Week, retrieved October 14, 2018
  2. ^ Germany Takes Control of Crimea, New York Herald (18 May 1918)
  3. ^ (in Ukrainian) Hrabovsky, S. Три місяці свободи, The Ukrainian Week. 19 February 2008.
  4. ^ Operation Fleet For Ukraine, The Ukrainian Week (16 May 2011)

See also