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Crimson Cowl
Justine Hammer (Earth-616) from Invincible Iron Man Vol 2 25 001.jpg
Justine Hammer as seen in The Invincivle Iron Man Vol. 2 #25.
Publication information
PublisherMarvel Comics
First appearanceThunderbolts #3 (June 1997)
Created byKurt Busiek
Mark Bagley
In-story information
Alter egoJustine Hammer
Team affiliationsMasters of Evil
Hammer Industries
AbilitiesAdept athlete and unarmed combatant
Shrewd businesswoman and negotiator
Wears a prehensile cloak that grants:

The Crimson Cowl (Justine Hammer) is a supervillain appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. The character has appeared in books in particular those featuring the Thunderbolts where she is the daughter of Justin Hammer and served as a recurring adversary for Iron Man.

Publication history

The character debut in Thunderbolts #3 (June 1997) and was created by Kurt Busiek and Mark Bagley.[1]

Her character was the third version behind the Crimson Cowl alias; Ultron having been the original depiction, Edwin Jarvis was framed as the first depiction by Ultron, and Dallas Riordan was framed as the third version by Justine.

Kurt Busiek originally intended Alice Nugent (Hank Pym's former lab assistant) to be Crimson Cowl.[2] The next Thunderbolts writer Fabian Nicieza revealed that Justin Hammer's previously unknown daughter was the new version of Crimson Cowl. Nicieza would later use Alice Nugent as the new Doctor Spectrum.

Fictional character biography

Justine claims to be the daughter of industrialist and supervillain financier Justin Hammer. Despite being the daughter of one of the richest men in the world, Justine's life was not one of privilege. Justin never approved of his daughter and Justine was always trying to prove her worthiness. Justine eventually decided to follow in her father's footsteps and use the supervillain community to accumulate power for herself.

Shortly after the Avengers and the Fantastic Four seemingly died in battle with Onslaught, Justine donned the costume and name of the Crimson Cowl, an identity once used by Ultron, and like Ultron, she formed a new group of super villains called the Masters of Evil. Working for HYDRA, they hoped to win the favor of the New York City crime families. All of this enraged the members of the new superhero team the Thunderbolts because they were actually another faction of the Masters of Evil led by Baron Helmut Zemo/Citizen V. Helmut Zemo's father Heinrich was the original founder of the Masters of Evil and Helmut himself had once led the Masters in their siege on Avengers' mansion. As such the legacy of the Masters was important to Helmut and it angered him to see them now reduced to being hired mercenaries. When the Thunderbolts faced the Masters of Evil in battle she and her team escaped due to the blinding flash that accompanies the Crimson Cowl's teleportation effect. When next they fought Crimson Cowl escaped again.

After the Thunderbolts had turned on Zemo and Techno, they found themselves fugitives hated by heroes and villains alike. The Crimson Cowl saw this as an opportunity to induct the remaining Bolts into her Masters of Evil. She sent Cyclone to bait the Thunderbolts into walking into an ambush. After defeating the T-bolts she made her "proposal:" join her and enjoy all the amenities that come with being in her organization or defy her and she would tell all of the Thunderbolts' enemies how to find them. The Thunderbolts were given time to think over the situation but in the end decided they would rather take down the Crimson Cowl instead. When next they fought, it looked like the Crimson Cowl had won until Hawkeye, disguised as Dreadknight, saved the team. Hawkeye offered to become the new Thunderbolts leader and one of his first actions as leader was to promise the media the capture of the Masters of Evil.

The Masters began a plan to use a weather machine to blackmail world leaders for a billion dollars. The Masters' numbers had grown under the Cowl from 6 members to 25. Realizing they were outnumbered, Hawkeye decided to use Moonstone and her reputation as a traitor to infiltrate the Masters. Moonstone was tempted to side with the Masters for real but eventually decided against it and took the Cowl down instead. Moonstone unmasked the Crimson Cowl and the Thunderbolts were shocked to find she was Dallas Riordan, their former liaison to the office of the New York city mayor.

In reality, Dallas Riordan was actually the new Citizen V. She had been knocked unconscious when she began to interfere with the Cowl's plans for the weather machine. At the last moment, Justine had teleported out of her costume and placed Dallas into it. Dallas didn't tell the Thunderbolts the truth because she was still bitter about being fired as the mayor's liaison because of the Thunderbolts deception as heroes. Eventually Dallas was rescued from jail by her team the V-Battalion.

Eventually Dallas parted company with the V-Battalion after they ordered her to assassinate Henry Gyrich and she refused. Dallas came back to America to get aid from the Thunderbolts. During a battle between the V-Battalion and the Thunderbolts, the Crimson Cowl had Dallas teleported to her hideout, which was on the border of Symkaria and Latveria. Dallas was briefly held prisoner but soon escaped. She and Justine fought a long battle that ended with Dallas falling off a bridge, which left her paralyzed.

Silver Sable was apparently friends with Justine and allowed her to stay in Sable's country of Symkaria when Justine moved there after inheriting her father's fortune. Silver Sable was unaware that Justine was a super villain for quite some time.

Eventually, the Crimson Cowl created a new Masters of Evil. Hawkeye, Songbird, and Plantman defeated most of them and convinced several of them that the Crimson Cowl would kill them with a bio-toxin Justine's father had surreptitiously placed in the majority of super villains he had employed over the years. Hawkeye inducted several of these Masters into the Thunderbolts. The Crimson Cowl was eventually defeated by Skein, who used her powers to deconstruct Justine's costume, leaving her naked even when she was put in her own cell by the Thunderbolts. Skein managed to stitch most of it back together for Silver Sable.

During the "Civil War" storyline, Justine appeared as part of a crew alongside Razor Fist and Diamondhead trying to escape the superhuman prison, the Raft. She teleported to the security center, knocking out both guards and releasing all the prisoners. Razor Fist, holding Robbie Baldwin as a hostage/human shield, cut Baldwin, which released his kinetic energy, rendering most of the prisoners unconscious, maimed, or possibly dead. Justine was found knocked out cold by guards.[3]

Crimson Cowl was hired by the Hood to take advantage of the split in the superhero community caused by the Superhuman Registration Act.[4]

Later, Justine Hammer became a recurring adversary to Tony Stark in Iron Man, beginning with the 2010 storyline "Stark Resilient", which is part of the overarching storyline "Heroic Age". Justine has since ostensibly left supervillainy to take the reins of Hammer Industries, along with her daughter Sasha Hammer, and begin promoting their own line of mechanized battlesuits to sell to both the military and private interests, Detroit Steel. While the initial presentation is considered a bust, as the investors have little interest with Tony Stark's return, Stark then announces that he is leaving the weapons industry, and his interest in using repulsor technology to give free energy to the world, making the military interested again in Detroit Steel. Justine is also seen buying surplus H.A.M.M.E.R. equipment, being sold with the fall of Norman Osborn.[5]

Hammer continues as an adversary in subsequent Iron Man storylines, including "Demon",[6] "The Long Way Down"[7] and "The Future".[8] After Stark and Stane joined forces to create a revolution and escape captivity, Iron Man contacted Justine to warn her that Sasha and Zeke will want revenge for what the Mandarin did to Ezekiel. She ignores the warning. When Justine enters her limousine, she finds Sasha and Zeke waiting for her.[9]

Powers and abilities

The Crimson Cowl's main power is her prehensile cloak. Its many billows seem capable of elongating, strangling and grappling, and pummeling (and even forming sharp edges with its corners). The cloak also contains devices enabling her to levitate and to teleport herself and her teammates away from the scene, with a brilliant, debilitating flash of light just prior to the effect.[10]

Justine Hammer is an adept athlete and unarmed combatant. She is also a shrewd businesswoman and negotiator, making her a formidable leader and criminal organizer.

Other versions

Ultimate Marvel

In other media

Crimson Cowl appears as a boss in the Facebook game Marvel: Avengers Alliance.


  1. ^ DeFalco, Tom; Sanderson, Peter; Brevoort, Tom; Teitelbaum, Michael; Wallace, Daniel; Darling, Andrew; Forbeck, Matt; Cowsill, Alan; Bray, Adam (2019). The Marvel Encyclopedia. DK Publishing. p. 95. ISBN 978-1-4654-7890-0.
  2. ^ Kurt Busiek's choice for the woman beneath the Crimson Cowl
  3. ^ Civil War Front Line #9. Marvel Comics.
  4. ^ The New Avengers #35. Marvel Comics.
  5. ^ Fraction, Matt (w), Larroca, Salvador (a). "Stark Resilient Part 1: Hammer Girls" The Invincible Iron Man v5, #25 (Aug. 2011), Marvel Comics
  6. ^ Fraction, Matt (w), Larocca, Salavdor (a). "Demon Part 2: Exposure" The Invincible Iron Man #511 (Feb. 2012), Marvel Comics
  7. ^ Fraction, Matt (w), Larroca, Salavdor (a). "The Long Way Down Part 2: How to Make a Madman" The Invincible Iron Man #517 (July 2012), Marvel Comics
  8. ^ Fraction, Matt (w), Larroca, Salavdor (a). "The Future: Part 4: Armor War" The Invincible Iron Man #524 (November 2012), Marvel Comics
  9. ^ Invincible Iron Man #527 (Dec. 2012). Marvel Comics.
  10. ^ Thunderbolts #3
  11. ^ Ultimate Comics Armor Wars #4. Marvel Comics.