Dixon Halls, formerly Crosshill and Govanhill Burgh Hall
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|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Postcode district||G42 8|
Crosshill is an area of Glasgow, Scotland. It is situated south of the River Clyde. It was an independent police burgh from 1871 to 1891 before being annexed to the city.
Formerly part of the County of Renfrew, Crosshill had a brief existence as an independent police burgh from 1871 until it was absorbed by Glasgow in 1891. Crosshill and Govanhill to its north form a continuous built-up area and due to sharing a postcode and amenities, as well as a similar design style in some buildings, they are often considered to be the same district (however historically this was not the case – Govanhill was in the County of Lanark). Crosshill also borders Queen's Park and Mount Florida to the south, Strathbungo to the west and Polmadie to the east. The area contains Holyrood Secondary School and former football stadium Cathkin Park.
The name Crosshill was formerly written as Corsehill or Corshill. In earlier maps the area is called Corsehill, which means Gorse hill, so the name is probably a corruption of this earlier name, and does not refer to a cross.
According to Hugh Macintosh's The Origin and History of Glasgow Streets (1902), "Crosshill derives its name from an ancient cross which stood on a height still named the Cross Hill. This monument was about ten feet high and three-and-a-half wide, and bore a sculptured representation of Christ entering Jerusalem riding on an ass. It was removed by some vandals about the end of the eighteenth century." This would suggest that if a corruption of the name "Corse Hill" to "Cross Hill" occurred, it may indeed have resulted from the presence of a cross on the hill.
The red brick and red tiled cottages in Crosshill Avenue contrast with the sandstone villas surrounding them. They were designed by the architect Ronald Bradbury and built after 1948. The development was awarded a Festival of Britain Medal in 1951.
Crosshill is in the Southside Central ward for Glasgow City Council. It lies within the Glasgow Southside (Scottish Parliament constituency); the sitting MSP is Nicola Sturgeon. Crosshill is in the Glasgow South (UK Parliament constituency); the sitting MP is Stewart McDonald. The area is covered by Crosshill and Govanhill Community Council.
Balmoral Crescent (Queen's Drive) with a view to Queen's Park, is one of the city's most distinctive examples of Victorian architecture. Designed by Scots architect William McNicol Whyte, around 1886, the curved terrace incorporates a figure at the eastern corner, holding a shield and brandishing a now broken sword. As guardian of Crosshill, she is reminiscent of the Statue of Liberty. There is also a carved portrait of the architect on a west-facing oriel window.
Dixon Halls was gifted to the burghs by William Smith Dixon of Govan Iron Works. Situated at an angle of 45 degrees to Dixon Avenue and Cathcart Road, the Scottish Baronial building was completed in 1879. The architect was Frank Stirrat, the winner of a competition for its commission. The boundary between the two burghs bisected the building allowing courtrooms and offices for each burgh to have separate access. The building was renamed Dixon Halls when Crosshill and Govanhill were annexed by Glasgow in 1891.
The public gardens named Kingsley Gardens, and the adjacent grounds of the Hampden Bowling Club, are thought to be the site of the original Hampden Park Stadium. Archaeology Scotland and local residents from the Bowling Club and Community Gardens plan to excavate parts of the Crosshill site where it is believed the first stadium once stood. The dig is funded by Historic Environment Scotland and is planned to take place June 2021.
People travelling on the Cathcart Circle Line railway pass a commemorative mural on the wall of the Hampden Bowling Club, commemorating Scotland's 5-1 win over England at the site of Glasgow's first Hampden Park. The mural, by Glasgow-based artist Ashley Rawson, can also be viewed from the nearby Cathcart Road.
The area is served by Crosshill railway station, on the Cathcart Circle Lines.