Croydon, New Hampshire
Croydon town center: Town Hall on left, First Congregational Church on right
Location in Sullivan County and the state of New Hampshire.
Coordinates: 43°27′02″N 72°09′47″W / 43.45056°N 72.16306°W / 43.45056; -72.16306Coordinates: 43°27′02″N 72°09′47″W / 43.45056°N 72.16306°W / 43.45056; -72.16306
CountryUnited States
StateNew Hampshire
CountySullivan
Incorporated1763
VillagesCroydon
Croydon Flat
Government
 • Board of SelectmenJames Harding
Carol Marsh
George Caccavaro
Area
 • Total37.5 sq mi (97.0 km2)
 • Land36.7 sq mi (95.0 km2)
 • Water0.8 sq mi (2.0 km2)  2.06%
Elevation
892 ft (272 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total764
 • Density20/sq mi (7.9/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (Eastern)
ZIP code
03773
Area code(s)603
FIPS code33-16340
GNIS feature ID0873572

Croydon is a town in Sullivan County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 764 at the 2010 census.[1]

History

Incorporated in 1763, the town takes its name from Croydon, a suburb of London, England.[2]

Croydon was home to Ruel Durkee, a powerful 19th century political boss in the state. The town of "Coniston" in the 1906 best-selling novel of the same name, by American author Winston Churchill, is based on Croydon, and Durkee was portrayed as "Jethro Bass". The local Coniston General Store is named after the novel,[3][4] as are YMCA Camp Coniston and Lake Coniston in the eastern part of the town.[5]

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 37.5 square miles (97.1 km2), of which 36.7 square miles (95.1 km2) is land and 0.8 square miles (2.1 km2) is water, comprising 2.06% of the town.[6] The highest point in town is Croydon Peak, at 2,760 feet (840 m) above sea level. Croydon lies fully within the Connecticut River watershed.[7]

Croydon is home to Corbin Park, one of the largest private game reserves in New England. The 24,000-acre (9,700 ha) fenced-in expanse of woodlands and mountainous terrain features bison, European boar and elk and extends into neighboring towns.[8]

Adjacent municipalities

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790537
180098483.2%
1810864−12.2%
18201,06022.7%
18301,057−0.3%
1840956−9.6%
1850861−9.9%
1860755−12.3%
1870652−13.6%
1880608−6.7%
1890512−15.8%
1900372−27.3%
1910324−12.9%
1920230−29.0%
193026917.0%
194031216.0%
195034911.9%
1960312−10.6%
197039626.9%
198045715.4%
199062737.2%
20006615.4%
201076415.6%
2017 (est.)757[9]−0.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 661 people, 264 households, and 194 families living in the town. The population density was 17.8 people per square mile (6.9/km2). There were 354 housing units at an average density of 9.5 per square mile (3.7/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 97.43% White, 0.45% Native American, 0.15% Asian, 0.76% from other races, and 1.21% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.61% of the population.

There were 264 households, out of which 29.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.0% were married couples living together, 8.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.5% were non-families. 19.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 2.71.

In the town, the population was spread out, with 22.7% under the age of 18, 4.7% from 18 to 24, 30.4% from 25 to 44, 30.0% from 45 to 64, and 12.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 109.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.0 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $49,688, and the median income for a family was $50,556. Males had a median income of $31,992 versus $26,544 for females. The per capita income for the town was $21,403. About 2.5% of families and 4.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.0% of those under age 18 and 9.7% of those age 65 or over.

Politics

In recent decades, Croydon has supported Republicans in presidential elections.

Croydon city vote
by party in presidential elections
Year Democratic Republican Third Parties
2016[12] 30.00% 126 64.52% 271 5.48% 23
2012[13] 44.44% 196 52.83% 233 2.72% 12
2008[14] 45.27% 182 53.73% 216 1.00% 4
2004[15] 38.57% 157 60.93% 248 0.49% 2
2000[16] 27.86% 90 63.47% 205 8.67% 28
1996[17] 33.33% 95 53.68% 153 12.98% 37
1988[18] 31.67% 70 67.42% 149 0.91% 2
1984[19] 29.63% 56 70.37% 133 0.00% 0

Notable people

References

  1. ^ United States Census Bureau, U.S. Census website, 2010 Census figures. Retrieved March 23, 2011.
  2. ^ New Hampshire Town Names and Whence They Came ISBN 978-0-872-33009-2 p. 9
  3. ^ Henderson, Brooks. Winston Churchill's Country, The Bookman (New York), August 1915, pp. 607, 617
  4. ^ New Hampshire: A Guide to the Granite State, p. 349 (1938)
  5. ^ "History - YMCA Camp Coniston".
  6. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001) - Croydon town, New Hampshire". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 15, 2011.
  7. ^ Foster, Debra H.; Batorfalvy, Tatianna N.; Medalie, Laura (1995). Water Use in New Hampshire: An Activities Guide for Teachers. U.S. Department of the Interior and U.S. Geological Survey.
  8. ^ "Corbin Park Hunting Preserve in New Hampshire". Free New Hampshire Blog. June 4, 2008. Retrieved June 20, 2011.
  9. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2017 (PEPANNRES): Minor Civil Divisions – New Hampshire". Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved November 15, 2018.
  10. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  11. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  12. ^ "NH Elections Database » 2016 President General Election".
  13. ^ "NH Elections Database » 2012 President General Election".
  14. ^ "NH Elections Database » 2008 President General Election".
  15. ^ "NH Elections Database » 2004 President General Election".
  16. ^ "NH Elections Database » 2000 President General Election".
  17. ^ "NH Elections Database » 1996 President General Election".
  18. ^ "NH Elections Database » 1988 President General Election".
  19. ^ "NH Elections Database » 1984 President General Election".