Cuban passport
Current cover Cuban passport.JPG
The front cover of a contemporary Cuban passport.
TypePassport
Issued by Cuba
First issued1 January 2011[1] (current version)
PurposeIdentification
EligibilityCuban citizenship
Expiration6 years (to be extended every 2 years)

Cuban passports are issued to citizens of Cuba to facilitate international travel. They are valid for 6 years from the date of issuance, but have to be extended every 2 years.[2]

The cost of issue of this passport is about US$200 (CUC 200) and US$200 for every two years if one person lives in the United States.[3]

In addition a Cuban national must pay 200 Euros every two years if the person lives outside of Cuba in order to gain permission to enter Cuba. Without this permission and a Cuban passport a Cuban cannot enter the island and will be denied entry.

Until 14 January 2013, the Cuban government required that all Cuban citizens and foreigners such as foreign students that live in Cuba desiring to leave the country would have to obtain an exit permit (Spanish: Permiso de Salida). The abolition of the controversial requirement led to long lines at passport offices filled with citizens desiring to legally travel abroad; however, the lines were partly attributed to the cost of obtaining a passport doubling the next day to the equivalent of US$100 (CUC 100), the equivalent of 5 months of average state salary. Now the passport is the only document required to leave the country, apart from a visa from the destination country. Previously the cost of a passport, exit permit, and associated paperwork added up to around US$300 (CUC 300), the equivalent of 15 months of average state salary.[4]

Formerly required exit permit stamped on a Cuban passport
Formerly required exit permit stamped on a Cuban passport
Front endpaper and first page of a Cuban passport
Front endpaper and first page of a Cuban passport

Passport message

Passports of many countries contain a message, nominally from the official who is in charge of passport issuance, addressed to authorities of other countries. The message identifies the bearer as a citizen of the issuing country, requests that he or she be allowed to enter and pass through the other country, and requests further that, when necessary, he or she be given help consistent with international norms. In Cuban passports, the message is in Spanish, French and English. The message is:

in Spanish:

La autoridad que expide el presente pasaporte en nombre del Gobierno de la República de Cuba, certifica que el Titular es ciudadano cubano y en tal virtud solicita a las autoridades civiles y militares de los países por donde transite le presten la asistencia y protección necesarias.

in French:

L'autorité qui émet le présent passeport au nom du Gouvernment de la République de Cuba certifie que son titulaire est citoyen cubain et, en foi de quoi, prie les autorités civiles et militaires des pays où voyage le porteur de bien vouloir lui prêter l'assistance et la protection nécessaire.

and in English:

The authority issuing the present passport on behalf of the Government of the Republic of Cuba certifies that the bearer is a Cuban citizen and, in virtue of this, requests the civil and military authorities of the countries through which he travels to provide him with whatever protection and assistance he needs.

Security features

In addition to coloured fibers in all common pages, Cuban passports feature a UV-reaction-based mark of the Cuban flag and the words República de Cuba (Spanish for Republic of Cuba) on the front endpaper.

UV reaction of front endpaper
UV reaction of front endpaper

Visa requirements map

Main article: Visa requirements for Cuban citizens

Countries and territories with visa-free or visa-on-arrival entries for holders of regular Cuban passports .mw-parser-output .legend{page-break-inside:avoid;break-inside:avoid-column}.mw-parser-output .legend-color{display:inline-block;min-width:1.25em;height:1.25em;line-height:1.25;margin:1px 0;text-align:center;border:1px solid black;background-color:transparent;color:black}.mw-parser-output .legend-text{}  Cuba  Visa free  Visa issued upon arrival  Electronic authorization or online payment required / eVisa  Visa required prior to arrival
Countries and territories with visa-free or visa-on-arrival entries for holders of regular Cuban passports
  Cuba
  Visa free
  Visa issued upon arrival
  Electronic authorization or online payment required / eVisa
  Visa required prior to arrival

As of 1 January 2017, Cuban citizens had visa-free or visa on arrival access to 60 countries and territories, ranking the Cuban passport 76th in terms of travel freedom according to the Henley visa restrictions index.[5]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Council of the European Union - PRADO - CUB-AO-01001". consilium.europa.eu. Retrieved 1 August 2017.
  2. ^ "Services and Consular Procedures, Embassy of Cuba in Suriname". embacu.cubaminrex.cu. Archived from the original on 18 July 2011. Retrieved 1 August 2017.
  3. ^ "Cuban Interest Section in USA". cubadiplomatica.cu. Archived from the original on 29 November 2016. Retrieved 1 August 2017.
  4. ^ Rainsford, Sarah (14 January 2013). "Cubans set for foreign travel as exit permits abolished". BBC News. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
  5. ^ "Global Ranking - Visa Restriction Index 2017" (PDF). Henley & Partners. Retrieved 14 March 2017.