Cun
仡隆语
Gelong
Native toChina
RegionHainan
Native speakers
80,000 (1999)[1]
Kra–Dai
  • Hlai
    • Central
      • North
        • Cun
Dialects
  • Nadou
Language codes
ISO 639-3cuq
Glottologcunn1236
ELPNadouhua

Cun (Chinese: 村話; meaning "village language/speech") or Gelong (仡隆语 / 哥隆语) or Ngan-Fon is a Kra–Dai language spoken on Hainan Island. It is a part of the Hlai languages branch and has a lexical similarity with standard Hlai at 40%.[1] The language has approximately 80,000 speakers, 47,200 of which are monolingual. Cun is a tonal language with 10 tones, used depending on whether a syllable is checked or unchecked. The speakers of this language are classified by the Chinese government as ethnic Han (same with speakers of Lingao).[citation needed]

The Cun language is considered a dialect of the Han Li language.

The Cun were originally Han Chinese people who migrated to Hainan Island and intermingled with the Li people.

References

  1. ^ a b Cun at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015) (subscription required)