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Curry County
Curry County Courthouse in Gold Beach
Curry County Courthouse in Gold Beach
Official seal of Curry County
Map of Oregon highlighting Curry County
Location within the U.S. state of Oregon
Map of the United States highlighting Oregon
Oregon's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 42°28′48″N 124°08′12″W / 42.48°N 124.13666666667°W / 42.48; -124.13666666667
Country United States
State Oregon
FoundedDecember 18, 1855
SeatGold Beach
Largest cityBrookings
Area
 • Total1,988 sq mi (5,150 km2)
 • Land1,627 sq mi (4,210 km2)
 • Water361 sq mi (930 km2)  18.2%%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total23,446
 • Estimate 
(2021)
23,683 Increase
 • Density14/sq mi (5.3/km2)
Time zoneUTC−8 (Pacific)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−7 (PDT)
Congressional district4th
Websitewww.co.curry.or.us

Curry County is the southwesternmost county in the U.S. state of Oregon. As of the 2020 census, the population was 23,446.[1] The county seat is Gold Beach.[2] The county is named for George Law Curry, a two-time governor of the Oregon Territory.[3] Curry County includes the Brookings, OR Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Geography

Cape Blanco

According to the United States Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,988 square miles (5,150 km2), of which 1,627 square miles (4,210 km2) is land and 361 square miles (930 km2) (18%) is water.[4]

The westernmost point in Oregon is in Curry County at Cape Blanco located at 42°50′08″N 124°33′57″W / 42.835508°N 124.565939°W / 42.835508; -124.565939 (westernmost Cape Blanco).

The county contains significant forests, with occurrence of black oak, big leaf maple and Douglas-fir. The blue oak, prevalent slightly further south does not reach into Curry County.[5]

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860393
187050428.2%
18801,208139.7%
18901,70941.5%
19001,8689.3%
19102,0449.4%
19203,02548.0%
19303,2577.7%
19404,30132.1%
19506,04840.6%
196013,983131.2%
197013,006−7.0%
198016,99230.6%
199019,32713.7%
200021,1379.4%
201022,3645.8%
202023,4464.8%
2021 (est.)23,683[6]1.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2020[1]

2000 census

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 21,137 people, 9,543 households, and 6,183 families living in the county. The population density was 13 people per square mile (5/km2). There were 11,406 housing units at an average density of 7 per square mile (3/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 92.89% White, 0.15% Black or African American, 2.14% Native American, 0.70% Asian, 0.11% Pacific Islander, 1.11% from other races, and 2.90% from two or more races. 3.60% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 20.1% were of German, 13.8% English, 10.3% United States or American and 9.9% Irish ancestry. 95.9% spoke English and 2.5% Spanish as their first language.

There were 9,543 households, out of which 20.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.50% were married couples living together, 7.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.20% were non-families. 29.70% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.19 and the average family size was 2.66.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 19.20% under the age of 18, 4.80% from 18 to 24, 20.00% from 25 to 44, 29.40% from 45 to 64, and 26.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 49 years. For every 100 females there were 96.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,117, and the median income for a family was $35,627. Males had a median income of $31,772 versus $22,416 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,138. About 9.70% of families and 12.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.60% of those under age 18 and 10.60% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the 2010 census, there were 22,364 people, 10,417 households, and 6,347 families living in the county.[12] The population density was 13.7 inhabitants per square mile (5.3/km2). There were 12,613 housing units at an average density of 7.8 per square mile (3.0/km2).[13] The racial makeup of the county was 92.0% white, 1.9% American Indian, 0.7% Asian, 0.3% black or African American, 0.1% Pacific islander, 1.3% from other races, and 3.7% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 5.4% of the population.[12] In terms of ancestry, 26.3% were German, 16.2% were English, 14.1% were Irish, 6.2% were American, and 5.2% were Swedish.[14]

Of the 10,417 households, 18.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.6% were married couples living together, 8.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 39.1% were non-families, and 32.4% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.12 and the average family size was 2.62. The median age was 53.5 years.[12]

The median income for a household in the county was $37,469 and the median income for a family was $53,340. Males had a median income of $41,667 versus $27,188 for females. The per capita income for the county was $23,842. About 9.2% of families and 13.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.0% of those under age 18 and 8.0% of those age 65 or over.[15]

Communities

Cities

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

Politics

Curry County, like most of southwestern Oregon, is a solidly Republican county, although it does not give so small a proportion of its vote to Democrats as Eastern Oregon. No Democratic presidential candidate has obtained an absolute majority in Curry County since Lyndon Johnson's 1964 landslide, and the county has been carried by a Democrat for President only once since the "Reagan Revolution". This occurred when Bill Clinton obtained a 32-vote plurality over George H. W. Bush in a three-way contest with billionaire businessman Ross Perot in 1992.

In the United States House of Representatives, Curry County is located in Oregon's 4th congressional district, which also includes the more left-leaning Eugene metropolitan area and has thus been represented by Democrat Peter DeFazio since 1987. In the Oregon State Senate, Curry County is located in the 1st Senate District, represented by Republican Dallas Heard. In the Oregon House of Representatives, it is located in the 1st District, represented by Republican David Brock Smith.

Political culture

United States presidential election results for Curry County, Oregon[16][17]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 8,484 56.84% 6,058 40.59% 383 2.57%
2016 7,212 57.19% 4,300 34.10% 1,099 8.71%
2012 6,598 56.50% 4,625 39.60% 455 3.90%
2008 6,646 53.89% 5,230 42.41% 456 3.70%
2004 7,332 57.29% 5,220 40.78% 247 1.93%
2000 6,551 56.90% 4,090 35.53% 872 7.57%
1996 4,790 43.66% 4,202 38.30% 1,980 18.05%
1992 3,809 34.47% 3,841 34.76% 3,400 30.77%
1988 4,761 52.83% 4,015 44.55% 236 2.62%
1984 5,363 60.84% 3,423 38.83% 29 0.33%
1980 4,910 57.85% 2,656 31.29% 922 10.86%
1976 2,962 45.52% 3,227 49.59% 318 4.89%
1972 2,832 51.77% 2,108 38.54% 530 9.69%
1968 2,323 49.12% 1,934 40.90% 472 9.98%
1964 1,467 31.31% 3,195 68.18% 24 0.51%
1960 2,382 46.23% 2,767 53.70% 4 0.08%
1956 2,306 53.60% 1,996 46.40% 0 0.00%
1952 2,147 67.54% 1,005 31.61% 27 0.85%
1948 1,112 59.18% 677 36.03% 90 4.79%
1944 827 54.16% 678 44.40% 22 1.44%
1940 941 47.26% 1,033 51.88% 17 0.85%
1936 497 29.58% 913 54.35% 270 16.07%
1932 395 27.66% 971 68.00% 62 4.34%
1928 694 59.16% 453 38.62% 26 2.22%
1924 664 54.70% 224 18.45% 326 26.85%
1920 599 60.87% 280 28.46% 105 10.67%
1916 541 45.62% 512 43.17% 133 11.21%
1912 102 16.83% 219 36.14% 285 47.03%
1908 268 58.64% 148 32.39% 41 8.97%
1904 322 70.77% 87 19.12% 46 10.11%


Economy

Mack Arch Cove in 1938
Mack Arch Cove in 1938

After discovery of gold and other precious metals along the beaches and rivers of Curry County in the mid-19th century, white settlements developed along the coast. Traveling mainly by water or by coast-hugging land routes, residents remained relatively isolated from the rest of Oregon until the 20th century. As mining declined in the region, the economy became more dependent on farming, livestock grazing, forest products such as Port Orford cedar (also known as Lawson's cypress) and myrtlewood, and tourism. Blueberries and nursery plants are among the important farm products, and most of the Easter lilies grown in the United States come from Curry County.[18]

In 2001, the native tanoak in the county were afflicted by sudden oak death, caused by infection of Phytophthora ramorum.[19] The pathogen, which by 2016 had killed hundreds of thousands of tanoaks in the county, thrives in moist places along the coast.[19] It has killed other kinds of oaks such as California black oak in a region that includes many California counties as well as Curry County, and it has infected and damaged a variety of conifers and shrubs such as camellia.[20] In Curry County, it threatens timber production, plant nurseries, and Christmas tree farms.[19]

As of 2012, the Federal government owned 66 percent of the land in Curry County, while 22 percent was owned by private forest interests. About 7 percent was being farmed; the state of Oregon owned 1 percent, and 4 percent was devoted to other uses.[21]

The Port of Brookings Harbor, a shallow-draft harbor at the mouth of the Chetco River, is considered one of the safest harbors on the coast.[22] It is listed as a Harbor of Refuge by the United States Coast Guard.[22]

Media

Education

School districts include:[23]

In 1997 the following districts merged into Central Curry: the Agness, Ophir, Pistol River, and Riley Creek elementary districts and the Gold Beach Union High School District.[24]

The entire county is in the Southwestern Oregon Community College district.[25]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 11, 2022.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. pp. 97.
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved February 25, 2015.
  5. ^ C. Michael Hogan (2008) Blue Oak: Quercus douglasii, GlobalTwitcher.com, ed. N. Stromberg Archived February 28, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Counties: April 1, 2020 to July 1, 2021". Retrieved April 11, 2022.
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 25, 2015.
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved February 25, 2015.
  9. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 25, 2015.
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved February 25, 2015.
  11. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  12. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved February 23, 2016.
  13. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved February 23, 2016.
  14. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved February 23, 2016.
  15. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved February 23, 2016.
  16. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 11, 2018.
  17. ^ The leading "other" candidate, Progressive Theodore Roosevelt, received 192 votes, while Socialist Eugene Debs received 89 votes, Prohibition candidate Eugene Chafin received 4 votes.
  18. ^ "Oregon Historic County Records Guide: Curry County". Oregon Secretary of State. Retrieved May 18, 2013.
  19. ^ a b c Freeman, Mark (November 20, 2016). "Sudden Oak Death Intensifies". Mail Tribune. GateHouse Media. Archived from the original on January 8, 2017. Retrieved January 7, 2017.
  20. ^ "Sudden Oak Death: Protecting America's Woodlands from Phytophthora ramorum" (PDF). United States Forest Service. 2004. Retrieved January 7, 2017.
  21. ^ "Curry County Land Owners" (PDF). Curry County. 2012. Retrieved January 7, 2017.[permanent dead link]
  22. ^ a b "Port of Brookings Harbor: General Information". Port of Brookings Harbor. Archived from the original on January 8, 2017. Retrieved January 7, 2017.
  23. ^ "2020 CENSUS - SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP: Curry County, OR" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 16, 2022. - Text list
  24. ^ "Our District". Central Curry School District. Archived from the original on November 4, 2008. Retrieved December 24, 2008.
  25. ^ "Oregon Community Colleges and Community College Districts" (PDF). Oregon Department of Community Colleges & Workforce Development. Retrieved July 17, 2022.

Further reading

Coordinates: 42°28′48″N 124°08′12″W / 42.48000°N 124.13667°W / 42.48000; -124.13667