Cuthbert, Georgia
Cuthbert in 2012
Cuthbert in 2012
Location in Randolph County and the state of Georgia
Location in Randolph County and the state of Georgia
Coordinates: 31°46′15″N 84°47′37″W / 31.77083°N 84.79361°W / 31.77083; -84.79361
CountryUnited States
StateGeorgia
CountyRandolph
Area
 • Total3.06 sq mi (7.92 km2)
 • Land3.05 sq mi (7.89 km2)
 • Water0.01 sq mi (0.04 km2)
Elevation
466 ft (142 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total3,143
 • Density1,031.85/sq mi (398.46/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
39840
Area code229
FIPS code13-21072[2]
GNIS feature ID0313227[3]

Cuthbert is a city in, and the county seat of, Randolph County, Georgia, United States.[4] The population was 3,520 in 2019.

History

Cuthbert was founded by European Americans in 1831 as seat of the newly formed Randolph County, after Indian Removal of the historic tribes to Indian Territory west of the Mississippi River. John Alfred Cuthbert, who represented Georgia in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1819 to 1821, is its namesake.[5][6] The county was developed for cotton plantations, the major commodity crop, and the rural area had a high proportion of enslaved African-American workers. Cuthbert was incorporated as a town in 1834 and as a city in 1859, serving as the trading center for the area. The Central of Georgia Railway arrived in Cuthbert in the 1850s, stimulating trade and growth, and providing a means of getting cotton and other crops to market.[7]

A few years before 2022, the city's hospital closed.[8]

Geography

Cuthbert is located at 31º46'15" North, 84º47'37" West (31.770726, -84.793517).[9] The city is located along U.S. Route 27 and U.S. Route 82. U.S. Route 27 passes east of the city leading north 57 miles (92 km) to Columbus and south 112 miles (180 km) to Tallahassee, Florida. U.S. Route 82 passes through the heart of the city leading east 45 miles (72 km) to Albany and west 26 miles (42 km) to Eufaula, Alabama. Other highways that pass through the city include Georgia State Route 266 and Georgia State Route 216.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.0 square miles (7.8 km2), all land.

Climate

Climate data for Cuthbert, Georgia, 1991–2020 normals, extremes 1904–2019
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 84
(29)
87
(31)
93
(34)
95
(35)
100
(38)
105
(41)
105
(41)
104
(40)
103
(39)
100
(38)
91
(33)
82
(28)
105
(41)
Mean maximum °F (°C) 73.5
(23.1)
76.6
(24.8)
82.7
(28.2)
87.2
(30.7)
92.1
(33.4)
96.5
(35.8)
97.6
(36.4)
97.0
(36.1)
93.8
(34.3)
87.6
(30.9)
80.8
(27.1)
75.5
(24.2)
99.2
(37.3)
Mean daily maximum °F (°C) 60.1
(15.6)
64.0
(17.8)
70.8
(21.6)
77.8
(25.4)
85.0
(29.4)
89.8
(32.1)
91.5
(33.1)
90.8
(32.7)
87.3
(30.7)
78.8
(26.0)
69.3
(20.7)
61.6
(16.4)
77.2
(25.1)
Daily mean °F (°C) 47.5
(8.6)
50.4
(10.2)
56.9
(13.8)
63.9
(17.7)
71.9
(22.2)
78.3
(25.7)
80.6
(27.0)
80.0
(26.7)
75.9
(24.4)
66.1
(18.9)
55.9
(13.3)
49.4
(9.7)
64.7
(18.2)
Mean daily minimum °F (°C) 34.9
(1.6)
36.8
(2.7)
43.0
(6.1)
50.0
(10.0)
58.8
(14.9)
66.8
(19.3)
69.8
(21.0)
69.2
(20.7)
64.5
(18.1)
53.5
(11.9)
42.6
(5.9)
37.3
(2.9)
52.3
(11.3)
Mean minimum °F (°C) 19.5
(−6.9)
23.0
(−5.0)
28.7
(−1.8)
36.8
(2.7)
48.9
(9.4)
59.0
(15.0)
65.1
(18.4)
62.8
(17.1)
53.1
(11.7)
38.5
(3.6)
29.9
(−1.2)
22.2
(−5.4)
16.1
(−8.8)
Record low °F (°C) −2
(−19)
9
(−13)
15
(−9)
29
(−2)
41
(5)
49
(9)
57
(14)
53
(12)
41
(5)
25
(−4)
13
(−11)
5
(−15)
−2
(−19)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 4.94
(125)
5.50
(140)
4.82
(122)
4.92
(125)
2.30
(58)
5.18
(132)
7.30
(185)
5.33
(135)
3.97
(101)
2.32
(59)
3.60
(91)
5.51
(140)
55.69
(1,413)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 0.0
(0.0)
0.2
(0.51)
0.1
(0.25)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.3
(0.76)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 8.8 7.6 7.8 6.8 6.0 9.4 11.3 10.2 6.6 5.4 6.2 8.2 94.3
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1
Source 1: NOAA[10]
Source 2: XMACIS2 (mean maxima/minima 1981–2010)[11]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
18702,210
18802,129−3.7%
18902,3289.3%
19002,64113.4%
19103,21021.5%
19203,022−5.9%
19303,2357.0%
19403,4476.6%
19504,02516.8%
19604,3006.8%
19703,972−7.6%
19804,3409.3%
19903,730−14.1%
20003,7310.0%
20103,8733.8%
20203,143−18.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[12]
Cuthbert racial composition as of 2020[13]
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 485 15.43%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 2,527 80.4%
Native American 7 0.22%
Asian 16 0.51%
Pacific Islander 1 0.03%
Other/Mixed 46 1.46%
Hispanic or Latino 61 1.94%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 3,143 people, 1,194 households, and 839 families residing in the city.

Culture and historic district

Cuthbert is home to Andrew College (formerly Andrew Female College), a two-year private liberal arts college. The Fletcher Henderson Museum is being established in Cuthbert in honor of the 20th-century jazz musician and orchestra arranger.

The city has notable sites such as a Confederate Army cemetery, historical houses built in the 1800s, and the Fletcher Henderson home. In 2007 an announcement was made of a museum to be dedicated to late resident Lena Baker and issues of racial justice. Baker was an African-American maid who was convicted of capital murder in 1945 in the death of a white man; she was the only woman in Georgia to be executed by electric chair. She had claimed self-defense, and in 2005 the state posthumously pardoned her.[14] She was the subject of a 2001 biography and a 2008 feature film of the same name, The Lena Baker Story. (It was later retitled Hope and Redemption: The Lena Baker Story.)

Education

The Randolph County School District holds grades pre-school to grade twelve, and consists of two elementary, middle, and high schools.[15] The district has 88 full-time teachers and more than 1,530 students.[16]

Higher education

Gallery

Notable people

References

  1. ^ "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 18, 2021.
  2. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  5. ^ Krakow, Kenneth K. (1975). Georgia Place-Names: Their History and Origins (PDF). Macon, GA: Winship Press. p. 56. ISBN 0-915430-00-2.
  6. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. pp. 98.
  7. ^ Hellmann, Paul T. (May 13, 2013). Historical Gazetteer of the United States. Routledge. p. 226. ISBN 978-1135948597. Retrieved November 30, 2013.
  8. ^ "Georgia's rural Black voters helped propel Democrats before. Will they do it again?". NPR.org. Retrieved September 14, 2022.
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  10. ^ "U.S. Climate Normals Quick Access – Station: Cuthbert, GA". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved March 4, 2023.
  11. ^ "xmACIS2". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved March 4, 2023.
  12. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  13. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 18, 2021.
  14. ^ "Big Band News", Big Band Library: July 2007
  15. ^ Georgia Board of Education[permanent dead link], Retrieved June 26, 2010.
  16. ^ School Stats, Retrieved June 26, 2010.
  17. ^ Andrew College, Retrieved June 26, 2010.
  18. ^ "Nearly lynched in the 1960s, New Haven man uses art to teach others about the past". FOX 61. March 2, 2017. Retrieved June 29, 2019.
  19. ^ "The Indelible Images of Winfred Rembert | The Folk Art Society of America". folkart.org. Retrieved June 29, 2019.
  20. ^ "Texas Governor George T. Wood". National Governors Association. Retrieved November 11, 2013.