Cuthbert, Georgia
Cuthbert in 2012
Cuthbert in 2012
Location in Randolph County and the state of Georgia
Location in Randolph County and the state of Georgia
Coordinates: 31°46′15″N 84°47′37″W / 31.77083°N 84.79361°W / 31.77083; -84.79361Coordinates: 31°46′15″N 84°47′37″W / 31.77083°N 84.79361°W / 31.77083; -84.79361
CountryUnited States
 • Total3.06 sq mi (7.92 km2)
 • Land3.05 sq mi (7.89 km2)
 • Water0.01 sq mi (0.04 km2)
466 ft (142 m)
 • Total3,143
 • Density1,031.85/sq mi (398.46/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP codes
Area code(s)229
FIPS code13-21072[2]
GNIS feature ID0313227[3]

Cuthbert is a city in, and the county seat of, Randolph County, Georgia, United States.[4] The population was 3,520 in 2019.


Cuthbert was founded by European Americans in 1831 as seat of the newly formed Randolph County, after Indian Removal of the historic tribes to Indian Territory west of the Mississippi River. John Alfred Cuthbert, who represented Georgia in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1819 to 1821, is its namesake.[5][6] The county was developed for cotton plantations, the major commodity crop, and the rural area had a high proportion of enslaved African-American workers. Cuthbert was incorporated as a town in 1834 and as a city in 1859, serving as the trading center for the area. The Central of Georgia Railway arrived in Cuthbert in the 1850s, stimulating trade and growth, and providing a means of getting cotton and other crops to market.[7]


Cuthbert is located at 31º46'15" North, 84º47'37" West (31.770726, -84.793517).[8] The city is located along U.S. Route 27 and U.S. Route 82. U.S. Route 27 passes east of the city leading north 57 miles (92 km) to Columbus and south 112 miles (180 km) to Tallahassee, Florida. U.S. Route 82 passes through the heart of the city leading east 45 miles (72 km) to Albany and west 26 miles (42 km) to Eufaula, Alabama. Other highways that pass through the city include Georgia State Route 266 and Georgia State Route 216.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.0 square miles (7.8 km2), all land.


Historical population
Census Pop.
U.S. Decennial Census[9]

2020 census

Cuthbert racial composition[10]
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 485 15.43%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 2,527 80.4%
Native American 7 0.22%
Asian 16 0.51%
Pacific Islander 1 0.03%
Other/Mixed 46 1.46%
Hispanic or Latino 61 1.94%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 3,143 people, 1,194 households, and 839 families residing in the city.

2000 census

Aerial view of Cuthbert
Aerial view of Cuthbert

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 3,731 people, 1,360 households, and 870 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,223.5 people per square mile (472.3/km2). There were 1,549 housing units at an average density of 507.9 per square mile (196.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 74.22% African American, 23.69% White, 0.32% Native American, 0.32% Asian, 0.11% Pacific Islander, 0.88% from other races, and 0.46% from two or more races. 1.96% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 1,360 households, out of which 29.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 30.7% were married couples living together, 29.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.0% were non-families. 33.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 16.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.24.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 26.7% under the age of 18, 14.8% from 18 to 24, 23.2% from 25 to 44, 19.2% from 45 to 64, and 16.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 80.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 71.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $16,400, and the median income for a family was $25,000. Males had a median income of $26,696 versus $16,976 for females. The per capita income for the city was $10,166. 33.5% of the population and 29.2% of families were below the poverty line, including 39.8% of those under the age of 18 and 38.5% of those 65 and older.

Culture and historic district

Cuthbert is home to Andrew College (formerly Andrew Female College), a two-year private liberal arts college. The Fletcher Henderson Museum is being established in Cuthbert in honor of the 20th-century jazz musician and orchestra arranger.

The city has notable sites such as a Confederate Army cemetery, historical houses built in the 1800s, and the Fletcher Henderson home. In 2007 an announcement was made of a museum to be dedicated to late resident Lena Baker and issues of racial justice. Baker was an African-American maid who was convicted of capital murder in 1945 in the death of a white man; she was the only woman in Georgia to be executed by electric chair. She had claimed self-defense, and in 2005 the state posthumously pardoned her.[11] She was the subject of a 2001 biography and a 2008 feature film of the same name, The Lena Baker Story. (It was later retitled Hope and Redemption: The Lena Baker Story.)


The Randolph County School District holds grades pre-school to grade twelve, and consists of two elementary, middle, and high schools.[12] The district has 88 full-time teachers and more than 1,530 students.[13]

Higher education

Notable people



  1. ^ "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 18, 2021.
  2. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  5. ^ Krakow, Kenneth K. (1975). Georgia Place-Names: Their History and Origins (PDF). Macon, GA: Winship Press. p. 56. ISBN 0-915430-00-2.
  6. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. pp. 98.
  7. ^ Hellmann, Paul T. (May 13, 2013). Historical Gazetteer of the United States. Routledge. p. 226. ISBN 978-1135948597. Retrieved 30 November 2013.
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  9. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  10. ^ "Explore Census Data". Retrieved 2021-12-18.
  11. ^ "Big Band News", Big Band Library: July 2007
  12. ^ Georgia Board of Education[permanent dead link], Retrieved June 26, 2010.
  13. ^ School Stats, Retrieved June 26, 2010.
  14. ^ Andrew College, Retrieved June 26, 2010.
  15. ^ "Nearly lynched in the 1960s, New Haven man uses art to teach others about the past". FOX 61. 2017-03-02. Retrieved 2019-06-29.
  16. ^ "The Indelible Images of Winfred Rembert | The Folk Art Society of America". Retrieved 2019-06-29.
  17. ^ "Texas Governor George T. Wood". National Governors Association. Retrieved November 11, 2013.