Cuthbert Scott (or Scot) (died 9 October 1564) was a Catholic bishop and academic at the University of Cambridge.
Scott was made a Fellow of Christ's College, Cambridge in 1537, became M.A. in 1538 and was Master of Christ's College from 1553 to 1556.
In 1554 he became Vice Chancellor of the University of Cambridge.
He became D.D. of Cambridge University in 1547 and of Oxford University in 1554.
Scott was appointed prebendary of York and, in 1554, of St Paul's, London. In 1556 he succeeded George Cotes, former Master of Balliol College, Oxford, as Bishop of Chester by papal provision.
On the accession of Elizabeth I he was one of the four Catholic bishops chosen to defend Catholic doctrine at the conference at Westminster, and immediately after this he was sent as a prisoner to the Tower of London and then in the Fleet Prison 1559–1563. Being released on bail, he contrived to escape to the Continent.
He died at Louvain, on 9 October 1564.