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Czechoslovak Army
Československá armáda
Service branchesCzechoslovak Ground Forces
Czechoslovakian Naval Forces
Czechoslovak Air Force
HeadquartersPrague, Czechoslovakia
Commander-in-ChiefPresident of Czechoslovakia
MinisterMinister of National Defence
Chief of DefenseGeneral of the Army
Related articles
RanksCzechoslovakian military ranks
Czechoslovak infantry armed with vz. 24 rifles
Czechoslovak infantry armed with vz. 24 rifles

The Czechoslovak Army (Czech and Slovak: Československá armáda) was the name of the armed forces of Czechoslovakia. It was established in 1918 following Czechoslovakia's declaration of independence from Austria-Hungary.


In the first months of the World War I, the response of the Czech soldiers and civilians to the war and mobilisation efforts were highly enthusianistic, however it turned into apathy later.[1] Although modeled after Austro-Hungarian Army patterns, the army of the newly established state also incorporated former members of the Czechoslovak Legion[2] fighting alongside the Entente during World War I. Czechoslovak Army took part in the brief Polish-Czechoslovak War in which Czechoslovakia annexed the Zaolzie region from Poland. In the interbellum the force was fairly modern by contemporary standards, with the core of the force formed by LT vz. 38 and LT vz. 35 tanks, as well as an extensive system of border fortifications. Mobilised during the Munich Conference, the force did not take part in any organised defence of the country against invading Germans due to international isolation of Czechoslovakia.

The army was disbanded following the German takeover of Czechoslovakia in 1939. During World War II the Czechoslovak Army was recreated in exile, first in the form of the new Czechoslovak Legion fighting alongside of Poland during the Invasion of Poland and then in the form of forces loyal to the London-based Czechoslovak government-in-exile.

After the war Czechoslovak units fighting alongside the Allies returned to Czechoslovakia and formed the core of the new, recreated Czechoslovak Army. However, with the Communist takeover of Czechoslovakia, it was being increasingly Sovietised[3] and in 1954 was formally renamed to Czechoslovak People's Army. The army of Czechoslovakia returned to the former name in 1990, following the Velvet Revolution, but in 1993, following the Dissolution of Czechoslovakia, it was disbanded and split into modern Army of the Czech Republic and the Slovak Armed Forces.

See also


  1. ^ John Richard Schindler (1995). A Hopeless Struggle: The Austro-Hungarian Army and Total War, 1914-1918. McMaster University. p. 50. ISBN 9780612058668.
  2. ^ Preclík, Vratislav. Masaryk a legie (Masaryk and legions), váz. kniha, 219 str., vydalo nakladatelství Paris Karviná, Žižkova 2379 (734 01 Karvina, Czechia) ve spolupráci s Masarykovým demokratickým hnutím (Masaryk Democratic Movement, Prague), 2019, ISBN 978-80-87173-47-3, pages 101-102, 124–125, 128, 129, 132, 140–148, 184–190, 192 - 201
  3. ^ Chris Johnstone (18 August 2010). "The Czechoslovak legions: myth, reality, gold and glory". Radio Praha. Retrieved 29 June 2018.