.mw-parser-output .hidden-begin{box-sizing:border-box;width:100%;padding:5px;border:none;font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .hidden-title{font-weight:bold;line-height:1.6;text-align:left}.mw-parser-output .hidden-content{text-align:left}@media all and (max-width:500px){.mw-parser-output .hidden-begin{width:auto!important;clear:none!important;float:none!important))You can help expand this article with text translated from the corresponding article in Czech. (March 2020) Click [show] for important translation instructions. View a machine-translated version of the Czech article. Machine translation, like DeepL or Google Translate, is a useful starting point for translations, but translators must revise errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate, rather than simply copy-pasting machine-translated text into the English Wikipedia. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. You must provide copyright attribution in the edit summary accompanying your translation by providing an interlanguage link to the source of your translation. A model attribution edit summary is Content in this edit is translated from the existing Czech Wikipedia article at [[:cs:Přilba vz. 32]]; see its history for attribution. You may also add the template ((Translated|cs|Přilba vz. 32)) to the talk page. For more guidance, see Wikipedia:Translation.
M32 Helmet.
M32 profile, showing the liner rivets and smaller chin strap rivet in the center right.
Interior of the helmet showing the simple five pad liner and chin strap setup.

The M32 helmet (Czech: Přilba vz. 32) also known as M32/34 is a military steel combat helmet used by Czechoslovakia from its adoption in 1932 to its annexation by Nazi Germany in 1939. The helmet also being used by the Slovak Republic and Finland among other countries that the helmet would be worn by.

Design

The helmet is noted for its simplistic design compared to other helmets of its time, being described by collectors as a distinct egg shape. The liner contained five leather pads attached directly to the shell by means of a single split pin for each pad, and the leather chinstrap (canvas chin straps were also known to be used) attaching by the same means on opposite sides of the shell. The basic coloring of the shell was a greenish brown, post Second World War the helmets would commonly be painted black and used with fire brigades and civil defense.[1]

Users

After its annexation by Nazi Germany, the military stocks of the Czechoslovak army would be sold/given away to Germany and its allies during the Second World War. Most prominently by Nazi Germany as a Luftschutz helmet. Also being used by the Slovak Republic and its army fighting in the Eastern Front, the helmets being marked with a blue stripe along the rim and a white double cross on both sides.[1] Chile adopted the helmet in 1939 and would use them until 1970.[1] Finland would receive stocks of this helmet from Germany during the Continuation War.

Estonia, Denmark, Yugoslavia, Italy, and Poland would be known to use the helmet in some capacity during or after the Second World War.[1]

References

  1. ^ a b c Marzetti, Paolo (1996). Combat Helmets of the World. Ermanno Albertelli Editore. p. 43. ISBN 88-85909-64-7.