It has been suggested that this article be merged into Do it yourself. (Discuss) Proposed since April 2020.
Boy building a model airplane
Boy building a model airplane

DIY ethic is the ethic of self-sufficiency through completing tasks without the aid of a paid expert. The "do it yourself" (DIY) ethic promotes the idea that anyone is capable of performing a variety of tasks rather than relying on paid specialists.

In culture


See also: Independent music and Lo-fi music

Commercial DIY music has its origins in the late 1970s punk rock subculture.[1] It developed as a way to circumnavigate the corporate mainstream music industry.[2] By controlling the entire production and distribution chain, DIY bands always can develop a closer relationship between artists and fans. The DIY ethic gives total control over the final product without need to compromise with record major labels.[2]

According to the punk aesthetic, one can express oneself and produce moving and serious works with limited means.[3] Arguably, the earliest example of this attitude[failed verification] was the punk music scene of the 1970s.[4]

Riot grrrl, associated with third-wave feminism, also adopted the core values of the DIY punk ethic by leveraging creative ways of communication through zines and other projects.[5]

Adherents of the DIY punk ethic also work collectively. For example, punk impresario David Ferguson's CD Presents was a DIY concert production, recording studio, and record label network.[6]


Main article: Guerrilla filmmaking

A form of independent filmmaking characterized by low budgets, skeleton crews, and simple props using whatever is available.

By country


Main article: Jugaad

Jugaad is a colloquial Hindi, Bengali , Marathi, Punjabi, Sindhi and Urdu word, which refers to a non-conventional, frugal innovation, often termed a "hack".[7] It could also refer to an innovative fix or a simple work-around, a solution that bends the rules, or a resource that can be used in such a way. It is also often used to signify creativity: to make existing things work, or to create new things with meager resources.

United States

Main article: Rasquache

Rasquache is the English form of the Spanish term rascuache,originally with a negative connotation in Mexico it was recontextualized by the Mexican and Chicano arts movement to describe a specific artistic aesthetic, Rasquachismo, suited to overcoming material and professional limitations faced by artists in the movement.[8]

See also


  1. ^ Mumford, Gwilym. "Eagulls, Hookworms, Joanna Gruesome: how UK music scenes are going DIY". The Guardian. Retrieved June 9, 2015.
  2. ^ a b Albini, Steve. "Steve Albini on the surprisingly sturdy state of the music industry – in full". The Guardian. Retrieved June 9, 2015.
  3. ^ David Byrne, Jeremy Deller (2010) Audio Games, in Modern Painters, March 1, 2010. "I think I embrace a bit of the punk aesthetic that one can express oneself with two chords if that’s all you know, and likewise one can make a great film with limited means or skills or clothes or furniture. It’s just as moving and serious as works that employ great skill and craft sometimes. Granted, when you learn that third chord, or more, you don’t have to continue making 'simple' things, unless you want to. Sometimes that’s a problem."
  4. ^ "Oxford Journal of Design History Webpage". Retrieved September 24, 2007. Yet, it remains within the subculture of punk music where the homemade, A4, stapled and photocopied fanzines of the late 1970s fostered the ‘do-it-yourself’ (DIY) production techniques of cut-n-paste letterforms, photocopied and collaged images, hand-scrawled and typewritten texts, to create a recognizable graphic design aesthetic.
  5. ^ Bennet, Andy; Peterson, Richard A. (2004). "Music scenes: local, translocal and virtuas". pp. 116–117. ISBN 9780826514516.
  6. ^ Jarrell, Joe (September 26, 2004). "Putting Punk in Place--Among the Classics". San Francisco Chronicle. pp. PK–45.
  7. ^ "जुगाड़" [creative improvisation]. (in Hindi).
  8. ^ "A lesson in "rasquachismo" art: Chicano aesthetics & the "sensibilities of the barrio"". Smithsonian Insider. January 31, 2017. Retrieved April 20, 2018.

Further reading