Daisen
大仙市
Daisen City Office
Location of Daisen in Akita Prefecture
Daisen
Daisen
 
Coordinates: 39°27′11″N 140°28′31.6″E / 39.45306°N 140.475444°E / 39.45306; 140.475444Coordinates: 39°27′11″N 140°28′31.6″E / 39.45306°N 140.475444°E / 39.45306; 140.475444
CountryJapan
RegionTōhoku
PrefectureAkita
Government
 • MayorHiroyuki Oimatsu (since April 2017)
Area
 • Total866.77 km2 (334.66 sq mi)
Population
 (April 2019)
 • Total81,133
 • Density94/km2 (240/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
City symbols 
• TreeJapanese zelkova
• FlowerCosmos
• BirdCommon kingfisher
Phone number0187-63-1111
Address1-1 Hanazono-chō, Daisen-shi, Akita-ken 014-8601
WebsiteOfficial website
Omagari district Daisen city center area Aerial photograph.1976
Omagari district Daisen city center area Aerial photograph.1976

Daisen (大仙市, Daisen-shi) is a city in Akita Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 April 2019, the city had an estimated population of 81,133 in 31,457 households,[1] and a population density of 94 persons per km². The total area of the city is 866.77 square kilometres (334.66 sq mi).

Geography

Daisen is located in the flatlands of central of Akita Prefecture, bordering on the city of Akita to the west, and Iwate Prefecture and the Ōu Mountains on the east. The area of the city is greater than the total metropolitan area of Tokyo.

Neighboring municipalities

Demographics

Per Japanese census data,[2] the population of Daisen peaked at around the year 1960 and has been in steady decline since then.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1920 87,814—    
1930 98,449+12.1%
1940 101,120+2.7%
1950 121,695+20.3%
1960 120,366−1.1%
1970 108,378−10.0%
1980 106,428−1.8%
1990 103,564−2.7%
2000 98,326−5.1%
2010 88,299−10.2%

Climate

Daisen has a Humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) with large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold) winters. Precipitation is significant throughout the year, but is heaviest from August to October. The average annual temperature in Daisen is 11.1 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1648 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 25.1 °C, and lowest in January, at around -1.5 °C.[3]

History

The area of present-day Daisen was part of ancient Dewa Province. During the Edo period, the area came under the control of the Satake clan, who had been relocated to Kubota Domain from their former holdings in Hitachi Province. After the start of the Meiji period, and the establishment of the modern municipalities system, the area became part of Semboku District, Akita Prefecture in 1878.[4]

The city of Daisen was established on March 22, 2005, from the merger of the city of Ōmagari, the towns of Kamioka, Kyōwa, Nakasen, Nishisenboku, Ōta and Semboku, and the village of Nangai (all from Semboku District).[5]

Government

After the merger, Daisen had the distinction of having the largest city assembly in all of Japan, 145 members.[6] The city now has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city legislature of 28 members. The city contributes five members to the Akita Prefectural Assembly. In terms of national politics, the city is part of Akita District 3 of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.

Economy

The economy of Daisen is based on agriculture and the area is noted for its rice production. Numerous sake brewers are located in Daisen.

Education

Daisen has 16 public elementary schools and 11 public middle schools operated by the city government and five public high schools operated by the Akita Prefectural Board of Education. There is also one private high school. The prefecture also operates one special education school for the handicapped.

Transportation

Railways

East Japan Railway Company - Akita Shinkansen

East Japan Railway Company - Ōu Main Line

East Japan Railway Company - Tazawako Line

Highways

Sister city relations

Media

Local attractions

Notable people from Daisen

References

  1. ^ 大仙市地域別人口・世帯数集計表 Daisen City official statistics (in Japanese)
  2. ^ Daisen population statistics
  3. ^ Daisen climate data
  4. ^ 大曲市史〈第1巻〉資料編. publisher:大曲市史頒布会 date:May 1984 ASIN B000J733MG
  5. ^ 大曲市史〈第1巻〉資料編. publisher:大曲市史頒布会 date:May 1984 ASIN B000J733MG
  6. ^ "The Asahi Shimbun".
  7. ^ "International Exchange". List of Affiliation Partners within Prefectures. Council of Local Authorities for International Relations (CLAIR). Archived from the original on 21 November 2015. Retrieved 21 November 2015.
  8. ^ Official Profile Archived 2013-10-16 at the Wayback Machine(in Japanese)
  9. ^ Interview by Sakigake Ad Brain Co.,Lyf Archived 2013-11-03 at the Wayback Machine (in Japanese)
  10. ^ Interview by Sakigake Ad Brain Co.,Lyf (in Japanese)
  11. ^ Official Profile (in Japanese)