Damodaram Sanjivayya
Damodaram Sanjivayya 2008 stamp of India.jpg
2nd Chief Minister of United Andhra Pradesh
In office
11 January 1960 – 12 March 1962
GovernorBhim Sen Sachar
Preceded byNeelam Sanjiva Reddy
Succeeded byNeelam Sanjiva Reddy
Member of Parliament, Rajya Sabha
In office
1964–1972 [1]
ConstituencyAndhra Pradesh
Personal details
Born(1921-02-14)14 February 1921
Peddapdu Village, Madras Presidency, British India
(now in Andhra Pradesh, India)
Died7 May 1972(1972-05-07) (aged 51)
Political partyIndian National Congress
Alma materMadras Law College[2]
CabinetGovernment of India
PortfolioMinister of Labour and Employment (9 June 1964 – 23 January 1966)

Damodaram Sanjivayya (14 February 1921 – 7 May 1972) was an Indian politician who served as the chief minister of Andhra Pradesh from 11 January 1960 to 12 March 1962.[3][4] Sanjivayya was the first Dalit Chief Minister of an Indian state.[5][6] He was also the first Dalit leader to become All India Congress Committee president.[7]

Early life

Damodaram Sanjivayya was born in a Mala[citation needed] family in Peddapadu village of Kallur Mandal in Kurnool district.[3] His father died when he was in young age. He studied at the Municipal School and he took a Bachelor's degree in Law from Madras Law College in 1948.[8] Even being a student, he actively participated in the Indian freedom movement.[9]


Damodaram Sanjivayya was Minister in the composite Madras State. He was the member of the provisional parliament 1950–52. In 1962, Sanjivayya also became the first Dalit leader from Andhra Pradesh to become All India Congress Committee president.[10]

He was Minister of Labour and Employment under Lal Bahadur Shastri between 9 June 1964 and 23 January 1966.[11]

Chief Minister

Sanjivayya was the first Dalit Chief Minister of an Indian state.[12]

He wrote a book on Labour problems and industrial development in India, in 1970 published by Oxford and IBH Pub. Co., New Delhi.[13] He introduced pension system for widows, elderly people, he established Lalitha kala academy in Andhra pradesh, he was the youngest chief minister ever in India, he introduced the office of Anticorruption Bureau {ACB}, he completed the irrigation projects like Gajuladinne in Kurnool dist., Vamsadhara, Pulichintala and varadarajula swamy project near Atmakur in Kurnool dist.

Personal life

In 1950 Sanjivayya married a Dalit teacher, Krishnaveni. They had no children. Sanjivayya wrote literary articles and poetry in Telugu in his free time.[8]



  1. ^ "RAJYA SABHA MEMBERS BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 1952 – 2003" (PDF). Rajya Sabha. Retrieved 30 May 2019.
  2. ^ "Damodaram Sanjivayya Dead". The New York Times. 8 May 1972. Retrieved 30 May 2018.
  3. ^ a b Life Hyderabad : Memorial for Sanjeevaiah. The Hindu (21 April 2005). Retrieved on 23 September 2011.
  4. ^ Rulers of India. Rulers.org. Retrieved on 23 September 2011.
  5. ^ "What's Under A Surname? Well, A Whole State". Outlook. 16 December 2013. Retrieved 25 October 2019.
  6. ^ "Before Punjab CM Channi, here are Dalit leaders who held top post in country". Hindustan Times. 21 September 2021. Retrieved 1 May 2023.
  7. ^ Ghosh, Abantika (19 October 2022). "As its 1st Dalit president in 50 yrs, what difference will Kharge make to Congress's fortunes?". ThePrint. Retrieved 1 May 2023. The first Dalit ever to become Congress president was Damodaram Sanjivayya, former Andhra Pradesh chief minister, who held the post twice.
  8. ^ a b "Damodaram Sanjivayya Dead; Head of India's Congress Party". The New York Times. 8 May 1972. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 1 May 2023.
  9. ^ Obituary in Assembly Proceedings.1972. Megassembly.gov.in. Retrieved on 23 September 2011.
  10. ^ "Presidents of Indian National Congress". Archived from the original on 26 October 2009. Retrieved 6 June 2007.((cite web)): CS1 maint: unfit URL (link). Retrieved on 23 September 2011.
  11. ^ Union Ministry of Lal Bahadur Shastry. Kolumbus.fi. Retrieved on 23 September 2011.
  12. ^ "What's Under A Surname? Well, A Whole State". Outlook. 16 December 2013. Retrieved 25 October 2019.
  13. ^ "Sanjivayya, D. 1970. Labour Problem and Industrial Development in India". New Delhi: Oxford & IBH Publishers.

See also