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Daniel Miller
Born1954 (age 67–68)
OccupationAnthropologist
Notable work
Material Culture and Mass Consumption
Stuff

Daniel Miller (born in 1954) is an anthropologist who is closely associated with studies of human relationships to things, the consequences of consumption and digital anthropology. His theoretical work was first developed in Material Culture and Mass Consumption and is summarised more recently in his book Stuff. This is concerned to transcend the usual dualism between subject and object and to study how social relations are created through consumption as an activity.

Miller is also the founder of the digital anthropology programme at University College London (UCL), and the director the Why We Post and ASSA projects. He has pioneered the study of digital anthropology and especially ethnographic research on the use and consequences of social media and smartphones as part of the everyday life of ordinary people around the world. He's a Fellow of the British Academy (FBA).

Education

Miller was educated at Highgate School and St John's College, Cambridge, where he read archaeology and anthropology.[1] He has spent his entire professional life at the Department of Anthropology at the University College London, which has become a research centre for the study of material culture and where, more recently, he established the world's first programme dedicated to the study of digital anthropology.

Anthropological position

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A prolific author, Miller criticises the concept of materialism which presumes human relationships to things are at the expense of human relationship to other persons. He argues that most people are either enabled to form close relationships to both persons and objects or have difficulties with both.

With Miller's students he has applied these ideas to many genres of material culture such as clothing, homes, media and the car, through research based on the methods of traditional anthropological ethnography in regions including the Caribbean, India and London. In the study of clothing, his work ranges from a book on the Sari in India to more recent research explaining the popularity of blue jeans and the way they exemplify the struggle to become ordinary. His initial work on the consequences of the internet for Trinidad was followed by studies of the impact of mobile phones on poverty in Jamaica and more recently the way Facebook has changed the nature of social relationships.

Miller's work on material culture also includes ethnographic research on how people develop relationships of love and care through the acquisition of objects in shopping and how they deal with issues of separation and loss including death through their retention and divestment of objects. He argues that since we cannot control death as an event, we use our ability to control the gradual separation from the objects associated with the deceased as a way of dealing with loss. Complementary to this work on separation from things are three books about shopping, the most influential of which, A Theory of Shopping, looks at how the study of everyday purchases can be a route to understanding how love operates within the family. He has also carried out several projects on female domestic labour and being a mother, including studies of au pairs, and Filipina women in London and their relationship to their left behind children in the Philippines. Most of these projects are collaborations.

Since the early 2000s, Miller has been researching the effects of new social media on society. Several of his most recent books explore topics such as cell phones,[2] Facebook[3] and transnational families.[4] Together with presenting a theoretical framework for studying social networking sites,[5] his latest work has proposed new concepts such as of 'polymedia'[6] and 'Scalable Sociality' as analytical tools for examining the consequences of a situation where individuals configure and are held responsible for their choice of media, while access and cost recede as factors.

In 2009, Miller created a new Master's programme in Digital anthropology at the Anthropology Department of University College London. Before establishing a new master's programme in digital anthropology, Miller worked with Haidy Geismar who is also an anthropologist, on the examination of the project. [7][8]In 2012, Miller launched a five-year project called 'Why We Post', to examine the global impact of new social media. The study was based on ethnographic data collected through the course of 15 months in China, India, Turkey, Italy, United Kingdom, Trinidad, Chile and Brazil. The project was funded by the European Research Council. The project published eleven Open Access volumes with UCL Press.[9][10] The Why We Post monographs are published in the languages of their respective fieldsites. In addition, a free online course (MOOC) is available on FutureLearn.[11] The course is also available in Chinese, Portuguese, Hindi, Tamil, Italian, Turkish, and Spanish on UCLeXtend. In addition a website containing key discoveries, stories and over 100 films is available in the same 8 languages.

In 2017 Miller launched a second five-year project, The Anthropology of Smartphones and Smart Ageing (ASSA), which consists of ten simultaneous ethnographies in Brazil, Cameroon, Chile, China, Japan, Al-Quds (East Jerusalem), Ireland, Italy and Uganda. This project demonstrates how smartphones have developed beyond a youth technology, by focusing on usage by people in mid-life. It also considers cheaper alternatives to mHealth through using everyday apps for health purposes and making these more sensitive to social and cultural contexts. A general book called The Global Smartphone was published in 2021. Currently, the ASSA team are also completing ten ethnographic monographs on the subject of ageing with smartphones. Additional publications will focus on their research concerning mHealth.

Major works

Further reading

References

  1. ^ 'Cambridge Tripos results: first and second class', Times, 20 June 1974.
  2. ^ Miller, Daniel and Horst, H. (2006). The Cell Phone: An Anthropology of Communication. Oxford: Berg.
  3. ^ Miller, Daniel. (2011). Tales from Facebook. Cambridge: Polity.
  4. ^ Miller, Daniel and Madianou, M. (2012). Migration and New Media: Transnational Families and Polymedia. London: Routledge.
  5. ^ Miller, Daniel and Horst, H. Editors (2012) Digital Anthropology. Oxford: Berg.
  6. ^ Miller, Daniel (2013). DR 2: What is the relationship between identities that people construct, express and consume online and those offline? in Future Identities: Changing identities in the UK – the next 10 years. Foresight, p.6.
  7. ^ Horst, Heather A.; Miller, Daniel (1 August 2013). Digital Anthropology. A&C Black. ISBN 9780857852922.
  8. ^ "Haidy Geismar | University College London - Academia.edu". ucl.academia.edu. Retrieved 25 November 2019.
  9. ^ "series-Why-We-Post". UCL Press. Retrieved 9 September 2021.
  10. ^ Source: UCL Press
  11. ^ FutureLearn. "The Anthropology of Social Media - Online Course". FutureLearn. Retrieved 9 September 2021.