Italian economic and political theorist
Daniele Archibugi (born 17 July 1958 in Rome, Italy) is an Italian economic and political theorist. He works on the economics and policy of  innovation and technological change, on the political theory of international relations and on political and technological globalisation.
Archibugi graduated with an
Economics degree at the University of Rome "La Sapienza" with Federico Caffè, and obtained a D.Phil. degree at SPRU of the University of Sussex under the mentorship of Christopher Freeman and Keith Pavitt. He has worked and taught at the Universities of Sussex, Naples, Cambridge, Sapienza University of Rome, LUISS University of Rome, Ritsumeikan University, Kyoto and SWEFE University, Chengdu. He was Leverhulme Visiting Professor at the London School of Economics, and Lauro de Bosis Visiting Professor at Harvard University. In June 2006, Archibugi was appointed Honorary Professor at the University of Sussex. He currently works at the Italian National Research Council in Rome and at Birkbeck, University of London.
David Held, Archibugi has been a key figure in the development of cosmopolitanism and of cosmopolitan democracy in particular, namely the attempt to apply some of the norms and values of democracy to global politics.  He has advocated substantial reforms in international organizations, including the  United Nations and the European Union.
He has criticized the G7, G8 and G20 summits as undemocratic and urged for more transparent gathering for global politics.
He has also taken position against a  League of Democracies arguing that the same demands will be better served by a democratic reform of the United Nations. Archibugi is among the promoters of a directly elected  World Parliament, and a supporter of the  Campaign for the Establishment of a United Nations Parliamentary Assembly, an organisation which campaigns for democratic reform in the United Nations.
Supporter of the individual responsibility of the rulers in the case of international crimes, Archibugi has also actively supported, since the fall of the Berlin Wall, the creation of an
International Criminal Court, collaborating both with the jurists of the UN International Law Commission and with the Italian Government. Over the years, he has become increasingly skeptical for the inability of international courts to incriminate the strongest.  He therefore endorsed other quasi-judicial instruments for human rights protection such as the  Truth and Reconciliation Commissions and the Opinion Tribunals.
Globalization of innovation
Archibugi developed a taxonomy of the
globalization of technology with Jonathan Michie, where they distinguish among three main devices of transmission of know-how: international exploitation of innovations, global generation of innovation and global collaborations in science and technology.
As Chairman of an Expert Group of the
European Research Area on international collaboration in science and technology, he has pointed out that the demographic decline in Europe, combined with the lack of vocation of youngesters for hard sciences, will generate a dramatic shortage of qualified workers in less than a generation. This will jeopardize the standard of livings of Europeans in key areas such as medical research, information technologies and knowledge intensive industries. Archibugi has urged for substantial revisions to European immigration policy in order to accommodate at least two million qualified students in science, engineering from developing countries in a decade.
Reconstruction economics after economic crises
As a scholar of the
business cycles, Archibugi combines the Keynesian perspective derived from his mentors Federico Caffè, Hyman Minsky and Nicholas Kaldor with the Schumpeterian perspective derived from Christopher Freeman and the Science Policy Research Unit of the University of Sussex. By combining the two perspectives, Archibugi argued that to get out of a crisis, a country must make a major effort to enter into emerging industries.  In the absence of entrepreneurial spirit in the sector private, the public sector must develop the managerial capacity to exploit scientific and technological opportunities,  also to safeguard  public goods. This acquires more relevance in front of major events, including the environmental crisis and the economic crisis created by Covid-19. 
He is the son of urban and economic planner
Franco Archibugi and of writer Muzi Epifani. He has several brothers and sisters including film director Francesca Archibugi and political scientist Mathias Koenig-Archibugi.
His ancestors include Roman patriots
Francesco and Alessandro Archibugi, both volunteers in the Roman University Battalion of the Roman Republic (1849) led by of Carlo Armellini, Giuseppe Mazzini and Aurelio Saffi. Both of them participated in the military actions led by General Giuseppe Garibaldi and died in the defence of the Roman Republic of June 1849 fighting against the invasion of Republican France led by Louis Napoleon. Archibugi has reminded this episode to show the fragility of the democratic peace theory.
In the field of
international relations and political studies
David Held), , ( Cosmopolitan Democracy. An Agenda for a New World Order Polity Press, 1995) (with
David Held and Martin Koehler), , ( Reimagining Political Community. Studies in Cosmopolitan Democracy Polity Press, 1998)
, ( Debating Cosmopolitics Verso, 2003)
( The Global Commonwealth of Citizens. Toward Cosmopolitan Democracy Princeton University Press, 2008, ISBN 978-0-691-13490-1 (with Guido Montani),
European Democracy and Cosmopolitan Democracy (The Altiero Spinelli Institute for Federalist Studies, 2011) ISBN 978-88-89495-05-6 (with Mathias Koenig-Archibugi and
Raffaele Marchetti), ( Global Democracy: Normative and Empirical Perspectives Cambridge University Press, 2011) ISBN 978-0-521-17498-5 (with Ali Emre Benli),
(Routledge, 2018) Claiming Citizenship Rights in Europe. Emerging Challenges and Political Agents ISBN 978-1-138-03673-4 (with Alice Pease), , ( Crime and Global Justice: The Dynamics of International Punishment Polity Press, 2018) ISBN 978-1509512621
In the field of science, technology and innovation policy
(with Mario Pianta),
The Technological Specialization of Advanced Countries, preface by Jacques Delors (Kluwer, 1992) (with
Jonathan Michie), Technology, Globalisation and Economic Performance, preface by Richard R. Nelson (Cambridge University Press, 1997) (with
Jonathan Michie), Trade, Growth and Technical Change, preface by Nathan Rosenberg (Cambridge University Press, 1998); (with
Jonathan Michie), Innovation Policy in a Global Economy, preface by Christopher Freeman (Cambridge University Press, 1999); (with
Bengt-Åke Lundvall), (Oxford University Press, 2001). The Globalising Learning Economy ISBN 978-0-199-258178 (with
Andrea Filippetti Archived 8 November 2016 at the Wayback Machine), ( Innovation and Economic Crises. Lessons and Prospects from the Economic Downturn Routledge, 2011). ISBN 978-0-415-60228-0 (with Andrea Filippetti Archived 8 November 2016 at the Wayback Machine), ( The Handbook of Global Science, Technology and Innovation John Wiley & Sons, 2015). ISBN 978-1-118-73906-8
Main refereed articles
In the field of
international relations and political studies
(with Marco Cellini and Mattia Vitiello),
, ("Journal of Contemporary European Studies", 2021, pp. 1–19) Refugees in the European Union: From Emergency Alarmism to Common Management
, ("Justice Magazine", no. 62, 2019) Cosmopolitan Democracy as a Method for Addressing Controversies (with Marco Cellini),
, ("Journal of Global Policy", vol. 8, no. S6, 2017, Pages 65–77) The Internal and External Levers to achieve Global Democracy (with
David Held), , ("Ethics and International Affairs", vol. 25 no. 4, 2011, pp. 433–461) Cosmopolitan Democracy: Paths and Agents (with Marina Chiarugi),
, ("Opendemocracy", April 2009) Piracy Challenges Global Governance
, ("Harvard International Review", vol. 30, no. 2, 2008) A League of Democracies or a Democratic United Nations?
, ("Dissent", Spring 2007, pp. 40–42) Exporting Democracy. What Have We Learnt from Iraq?
, ("Political Studies", vol. 53, no. 3, 2005, pp. 537–555) The Language of Democracy: Vernacular or Esperanto? A Comparison between the Multiculturalist and Cosmopolitan Perspectives
, ("The European Union Review", vol. 10, no. 1, 2005, pp. 75–86) Notes on Democracy in the European Union
, ("European Journal of International Relations", vol.10, no. 3, 2004, pp. 437–473) Cosmopolitan Democracy and its Critics: A Review
, ("Alternatives. Global, Local, Political", vol. 29, no. 1, 2004, pp. 1–21) Cosmopolitan Guidelines for Humanitarian Intervention
, ("Constellations. An International Journal of Critical and Democratic Theory", vol. 10, no. 4, 2003, pp. 488–505) A Critical Analysis of the Self-determination of Peoples. A Cosmopolitan Perspective (with
Iris Marion Young), , ("Dissent", vol. 48, Spring 2002, pp. 27–32) Toward a Global Rule of Law
, ("New Left Review", new series, no. 13, Jan – Feb 2002, pp. 24 – 38) Demos and Cosmopolis
, ("New Left Review", new series, no. 4, July Aug 2000, pp. 137 – 150) Cosmopolitical Democracy
, ("Peace Review", vol. 9. no. 3, 1997, pp. 379–384) So What if Democracies Don't Fight Each Other?
, ("European Journal of International Relations", vol. 1, no. 4, pp. 429–456) Immanuel Kant, Cosmopolitan Law and Peace
, ("Journal of Peace Research", vol. 30, no. 3, 1993, pp. 301–315) The Reform of the UN and Cosmopolitan Democracy: A Critical Review , ("Review of International Studies", vol. 18, no. 18, 1992, pp. 295–317) Models of International Organization in Perpetual Peace Projects
In the field of
science, technology and innovation policy
(with Vitantonio Mariella),
, ("Intereconomics", 2021, vol. 56, no. 3, pp. 160–166) Is a European recovery possible without high-tech public corporations? (with Andrea Filippetti and Marion Frenz),
, ("Science and Public Policy", November 2019. DOI: 10.1093/scipol/scz049) Investment in innovation for European recovery: a public policy priority (with Andrea Filippetti),
, (‘Technological Forecasting and Social Change’, 2018, vol. 127, February, Pages 97–111) The Retreat of Public Research and its Adverse Consequences on Innovation
, ("Research Policy". 2017, vol. 46, no. 3, April, Pages 535-543) Blade Runner Economics. Will Innovation Lead us Out of Crisis? (with Andrea Filippetti and Marion Frenz),
, ("Technological Forecasting and Social Change", vol. 80, 2013, pp. 1247–1260) The Impact of the Economic Crisis on Innovation: Evidence from Europe (with Andrea Filippetti and Marion Frenz),
, ("Research Policy", vol. 42, no. 2, 2013 pp. 303–314) Economic Crisis and Innovation: Is Destruction Prevailing over Accumulation? (with Andrea Filippetti),
, ("Journal of Common Market Studies", vol. 49, no. 6, 2011, pp. 1153–1182) Is the Economic Crisis Impairing Convergence in Innovation Performance across Europe? (with Andrea Filippetti),
, ("Journal of Global Policy", vol. 1, no. 1, January 2010) The Globalization of Intellectual Property Rights. Four Learnt Lessons and Four Theses (with Andrea Filippetti),
, ("Research Policy", vol. 40, 2011, pp. 179–192) Innovation in Times of Crisis: National System of Innovation, Structure and Demand (with Mario Denni and Andrea Filippetti),
("Technological Forecasting and Social Change", vol. 76, 2008, pp. 917–931) The Technological Capabilities of Nations: The State of the Art of Synthetic Indicators (with Fulvio Castellacci),
("Research Policy", vol. 37, no. 10, 2008, pp. 1659–1673) The Technology Clubs: The Distribution of Knowledge across Nations (with Alberto Coco),
("Journal of Common Market Studies", vol. 43, no. 3, 2005, pp. 433–459) Is Europe Becoming the Most Dynamic Knowledge Based Economy in the World? (with Alberto Coco),
("Research Policy", vol. 34, no. 2, 2005, pp. 175–194) Measuring Technological Capabilities at the Country Level. A Comparison among Different Approaches (with Kim Bizzarri),
("Research Policy", vol. 33, no. 10, 2004, pp. 175–194) Committing to Vaccine R&D: A Global Science Policy Priority (with Alberto Coco),
("World Development", vol. 32, no. 4, April 2004, pp. 629–654) A New Indicator of Technological Capabilities for Developed and Developing Countries (with Carlo Pietrobelli),
("Technological Forecasting and Social Change", vol. 70, no. 9, November 2003, pp. 861–884) The Globalisation of Technology and its Implications for Developing Countries: Windows of Opportunity or Further Burden? (with Simona Iammarino),
("Review of International Political Economy", vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 98–122, Spring 2002) The Globalisation of Technological Innovation: Definition and Evidence
("Economics of Innovation and New Technology ", September 2001, 415-125) Pavitt's Taxonomy Sixteen Years On: A Review Article (with Simona Iammarino),
("Research Policy", vol. 28, no. 3, 1999, pp. 317–336) The Policy Implications of the Globalization of Innovation (with Roberto Simonetti),
("International Journal of the Economics of Business", vol. 5, no. 3, November 1998, pp. 295–309) Objects and Subjects in Technological Interdependence. Towards a Framework to Monitor Innovation (with Rinaldo Evangelista, Giulio Perani and Fabio Rapiti),
("Research Policy", vol. 26, nos. 4–5, pp. 521–536) Nature and Impact of Innovation in Manufacturing Industry: Some Evidence from the Italian Innovation Survey (with Mario Pianta),
("Technovation", vol. 16, no. 9, 1996, pp. 451–468) Measuring Technological Change Through Patents and Innovation Surveys (with
Jonathan Michie), ("Cambridge Journal of Economics", vol. 19. no. 1, 1995, pp. 121–140) The Globalisation of Technology: a New Taxonomy (with Rinaldo Evangelista and Roberto Simonetti),
("Technovation", vol. 15, no. 3, 1995, pp. 153–164) Concentration, Firm Size, and Innovation. Evidence from Innovation Costs (with Mario Pianta),
("Research Policy", vol. 21, no. 1, 1992, pp. 79–93) Specialization and Size of Technological Activities in Industrial Countries: The Analysis of Patent Data
("Science and Public Policy ", December 1992) Patenting as an indicator of technological innovation: a review (with Sergio Cesaratto and Giorgio Sirilli),
("Research Policy", vol. 20, no. 5, 1991, pp. 299–313) Sources of Innovative Activities and Industrial Organization in Italy ("Technological Forecasting and Social Change", vol. 34, no. 3, 1988, pp. 253–277) In Search of a Useful Measure of Technological Innovation(to Make Economists Happy without Discontenting Technologists)