This article uses bare URLs, which may be threatened by link rot. Please consider converting them to full citations to ensure the article remains verifiable and maintains a consistent citation style. Several templates and tools are available to assist in formatting, such as reFill (documentation). (May 2021) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
A major contributor to this article appears to have a close connection with its subject. It may require cleanup to comply with Wikipedia's content policies, particularly neutral point of view. Please discuss further on the talk page. (December 2020) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

David Joseph Patterson is a Northern Irish taxonomist specializing in protozoa and the use of taxonomy in biodiversity informatics.

David J. Patterson, island of Sylt, 1992
David J. Patterson, island of Sylt, 1992

Early life and education

David Joseph Patterson was born in Belfast, Northern Ireland on 19 April 1950 to Doris Mary (née Bell) and Samuel Patterson, with one elder brother (mathematician Samuel James) and a sister (Frances Mary). Father of Alice Mia Vørs Patterson, Daniel Kieran Patterson, and William Zhao Patterson. He was educated at Belmont Primary, Strandtown and Grosvenor High schools in Belfast. He obtained his Bachelor of Science with first-class honours at Queen's University Belfast in 1971.

Career

David Patterson obtained a Doctor of Philosophy from the University of Bristol in 1976, where he was later employed (1977–1993). He obtained his Doctor of Science in 1990 from Queen's University, Belfast. In 1993 he moved to the University of Sydney in Australia where he became Head of the School of Biological Sciences. In 2004, he moved to the Marine Biological Laboratory in Woods Hole (Mass., USA) where he helped to establish the Encyclopedia of Life project with responsibility for the informatics component,[1] basing EOL on the model developed with the micro*scope project.[2][3] From 2012-2014 he was a Research Professor at Arizona State University; and also was Professor (MBL) at Brown University in Providence, Rhode Island, and an Emeritus Professor of the University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia. As a taxonomist, his primary interests were in the diversity of protozoa and the evolution of protists. He and his co-workers described about 250 new taxa. David Patterson was awarded the Thomas Henry Huxley prize and the Scientific Medal of the Zoological Society of London; has been Secretary of the British Section of the Society of Protozoologists; President of the International Society for Evolutionary Protistology; and Vice-President of the (International) Society of Protozoology. He served as a member of the International Commission for Zoological Nomenclature, of the Editorial Committee for Algae of the International Association for Plant Taxonomy, of the Executive Committee of the International Union of Biological Sciences, and of the Scientific Committee of the World Data System.

He has published approximately 200 peer-reviewed papers including several books throughout his career. Initial interests in ion physiology,volume regulation, and contractile vacuoles shifted to ultrastructural studies, a technique that reshaped the understanding of protist diversity, in turn being further enriched through comparative molecular studies. With Guy Brugerolle, he introduced his concept that clades of protists could usefully be identified by the complement and arrangement of organelles - that is their ultrastructural identity,[4] and later used this concept along with the rationale of transformed cladistics to redefine the diversity of clades among eukaryotes.[5] This simplified the challenge of establishing a complete phylogeny for eukaryotes by providing a list of the clades among which relatedness was to be established.

In the mid-1980's, Patterson focussed his efforts on free-living heterotrophic flagellates because they were poorly known and were not being actively investigated. Two areas of research were impeded because of the lack of awareness of flagellate diversity. The first was with the emerging concept of Microbial Food Webs that was transforming appreciation of the dynamics of ocean ecosystems - itself critical to the international Joint Global Ocean Flux Study targeting a better understanding of carbon fluxes and global warming. Secondly, as the most primitive eukaryotes bore flagella, an understanding of the variety of flagellate diversity was expected to create better insights into eukaryotic oroigins and evolution. With co-workers, this led to recognition of new domains of protistan diversity - such as stramenopiles, alveolates, and the excavates (excavata) - robustly defined by reference to amorphies, then a rarity in protistology.

Patterson explored the emerging and largely theoretical concept that most microbes should have a universal distribution, initially articulated by Lourens Baas Becking, and refreshed by Tom Fenchel and Bland Finlay. Applying standardized sampling, documentation, and reporting protocols, to communities in marine, freshwater,mand extreme sites, in Pacific and Atlantic locations, northern and southern hemispheres, in coastal habitats and deep ocean sediments (etc.), he and co-workers refuted the hypothesis that the taxonomic composition of communities of free-living flagellates were determined by geographic factors.[6][7] This insight eliminated the need for local catalogues and expertise, accelerating taxonomic, phylogentic, and ecological studies involving flagellates.

Latterly, his interests shifted to embedding taxonomic expertise in tools that manage biodiversity information. He was Senior Taxonomist on the Encyclopedia of Life project, adviser to the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation,[8] a coPI of the Data Conservancy and of the NSF-funded Global Names project, and member of the Plazi team.[9] He was a prime mover of the Global Names Architecture project.

Taxa named after him include Pattersoniella vitiphila, Foissner, 1987; Protoopalina pattersonii Delvinquier, 1995; Nuclearia pattersonii, Nerad, Silberman, et al., 2008; Pseudovorticella pattersoni, Sun, Ji, Warren and Song 2009 and Stephanopogon pattersoni Lee Miller and Simpson, 2014.

Taxa described

Taxa named with David J. Patterson among the authors
Actinophrys salsuginosa Mikrjukov & Patterson, 2001 Dingensia angusta Patterson & Zölffel, 1991 Notosolenus hamelini Al Qassab, Lee, Murray & Patterson, 2002 Ploeotia adhaerens Larsen & Patterson, 1990
Actinophrys tauryanini Mikrjukov & Patterson, 2001 Diplonema ambulator Larsen & Patterson, 1990 Notosolenus hemicircularis Lee & Patterson, 2000 Ploeotia amygdala Lee, Brandt, Vørs & Patterson, 2003
Adriamonas Verhagen, Zölffel, Brugerolle, & Patterson, 1994 Diplonema metabolicum Larsen & Patterson, 1990 Notosolenus lashue Lee & Patterson, 2000 Ploeotia azurina Patterson & Simpson, 1996
Adriamonas peritocrescens Verhagen, Zölffel, Brugerolle, & Patterson, 1994 Dolium Larsen & Patterson, 1990 Notosolenus mediocanellatus Schroeckh, Lee & Patterson, 2003 Ploeotia corrugata Larsen & Patterson, 1990
Amphidiniopsis korewalensis Murray & Patterson , 2002 Dolium sedentarium Larsen & Patterson, 1990 Notosolenus navicula Larsen & Patterson, 1990 Ploeotia decipiens Larsen & Patterson, 1990
Amphidinium boggayum Murray & Patterson, 2002 Eufolliculina uhligi Mulisch & Patterson, 1983 Notosolenus ostium Larsen & Patterson, 1990 Ploeotia discoides Larsen & Patterson, 1990
Amphidinium corrugatum Larsen & Patterson, 1990 Eumycetes Patterson, 1994 Notosolenus pyriforme Lee & Patterson, 2000 Ploeotia heracleum Larsen & Patterson, 1990
Amphidinium mootonorum Murray & Patterson, 2002 Fromentella Patterson & Zölffel, 1991 Notosolenus scutulum Larsen & Patterson, 1990 Ploeotia laminae Al Qassab, Lee, Murray & Patterson, 2002
Amphidinium yuroogurrum Murray & Patterson, 2002 Fromentella granulosa Patterson & Zölffel, 1991 Notosolenus steini Schroeckh, Lee & Patterson, 2003 Ploeotia longifilum Larsen & Patterson, 1990
Ancyromonas melba Patterson & Simpson, 1996 Glissandra Patterson & Simpson, 1996 Notosolenus tamanduensis Larsen & Patterson, 1990 Ploeotia obliqua Schroeckh, Lee & Patterson, 2003
Ancyromonas sinistrae Al Qassab, Lee, Murray & Patterson, 2002 Glissandra innuerende Patterson & Simpson, 1996 Notosolenus triangularis Larsen & Patterson, 1990 Ploeotia oblonga Larsen & Patterson, 1990
Anehmia Ekebom, Patterson & Vørs, 1996 Goniomonas amphinema Larsen & Patterson, 1990 Notosolenus urceolatus Larsen & Patterson, 1990 Ploeotia plumosa Ekebom, Patterson & Vørs, 1996
Anehmia exotica Ekebom, Patterson & Vørs, 1996 Goniomonas pacifica Larsen & Patterson, 1990 Nuclearia flavescens Patterson, 1984 Ploeotia pseudanisonema Larsen & Patterson, 1990
Anisonema glaciale Larsen & Patterson, 1990 Gyrodinium oblongum Larsen & Patterson, 1990 Nuclearia flavocapsulata Patterson, 1984 Ploeotia punctata Larsen & Patterson, 1990
Apusomonas australiensis Ekelund & Patterson, 1997 Heteronema exaratum Larsen & Patterson, 1990 Nuclearia leuckarti Patterson, 1984 Ploeotia robusta Larsen & Patterson, 1990
Astasia skvortzovi Schroeckh, Lee & Patterson, 2003 Heteronema larseni Lee & Patterson, 2000 Nuclearia radians Patterson, 1984 Ploeotia scrobiculata Larsen & Patterson, 1990
Axodines Patterson, 1994 Heteronema pterbica Schroeckh, Lee & Patterson, 2003 Nuclearia ruber Patterson, 1984 Ploeotia tasmanica Lee, Simpson & Patterson, 2005
Barthelona Bernard Simpson & Patterson, 2000 Heteronema splendens Larsen & Patterson, 1990 Palustrimonas yorkeensis Patterson & Simpson, 1996 Ploeotia tenuis Larsen & Patterson, 1990
Barthelona vulgaris Bernard Simpson & Patterson, 2000 Heteronema vittatum Larsen & Patterson, 1990 Peranema dolichonema Larsen & Patterson, 1990 Protaspis gemmifera Larsen & Patterson, 1990
Bodo cephaloporus Larsen & Patterson, 1990 Jakoba Patterson, 1990 Peranema dolichonema Larsen & Patterson, 1990 Protaspis obliqua Larsen & Patterson, 1990
Bodo cygnus Patterson & Simpson, 1996 Jakoba incarcerata Bernard Simpson & Patterson, 2000 Peranema macrostoma Ekebom, Patterson & Vørs, 1996 Protaspis tegere Larsen & Patterson, 1990
Bodo platyrhynchus Larsen & Patterson, 1990 Jakoba libera Patterson, 1990 Percolomonas Fenchel & Patterson, 1986 Protaspis verrucosa Larsen & Patterson, 1990
Bodo saliens Larsen & Patterson, 1990 Jenningsia curvicauda Lee, Blackmore & Patterson, 1999 Percolomonas cosmopolitus Fenchel & Patterson, 1986 Pseudoperanema dolichonema Larsen & Patterson, 1990
Bordnamonas Larsen & Patterson, 1990 Jenningsia deflexum Lee, Blackmore & Patterson, 1999 Percolomonas cuspidata Larsen & Patterson, 1990 Pseudophyllomitus apiculatus Lee, 2002
Bordnamonas tropicana Larsen & Patterson, 1990 Jenningsia furcatum Lee, Blackmore & Patterson, 1999 Percolomonas descissus Larsen & Patterson, 1990 Pseudophyllomitus granulatus Lee, 2002
Cabra Murray & Patterson, 2004 Jenningsia fusiforme Lee, Blackmore & Patterson, 1999 Percolomonas elephas Larsen & Patterson, 1990 Pseudophyllomitus vesiculosis Lee, 2002
Cabra matta Murray & Patterson, 2004 Jenningsia glabrum Lee, Blackmore & Patterson, 1999 Percolomonas membranifera Larsen & Patterson, 1990 Pteridomonas danica Patterson & Fenchel, 1985
Caecitellus Patterson, Nygaard, Steinberg & Turley, 1993 Jenningsia granuliferum Lee, Blackmore & Patterson, 1999 Percolomonas pyriformis Larsen & Patterson, 1990 Quasibodo Bernard Simpson & Patterson, 2000
Caecitellus parvulus Patterson, Nygaard, Steinberg & Turley, 1993 Jenningsia kupfferi Lee, Blackmore & Patterson, 1999 Percolomonas salinus Larsen & Patterson, 1990 Quasibodo laughtoni Bernard Simpson & Patterson, 2000
Cafeteria Fenchel & Patterson, 1988 Jenningsia limax Lee, Blackmore & Patterson, 1999 Percolomonas similis Lee, Brandt, Vørs & Patterson, 2003 Ramicristates Patterson, 1994
Cafeteria ligulifera Larsen & Patterson, 1990 Jenningsia macer Lee, Blackmore & Patterson, 1999 Percolomonas spinosus Larsen & Patterson, 1990 Rhabdomonas mirabilis Schroeckh, Lee & Patterson, 2003
Cafeteria minuta Larsen & Patterson, 1990 Jenningsia macrostomum Lee, Blackmore & Patterson, 1999 Percolomonas sulcatus Larsen & Patterson, 1990 Rhinodinium Murray, Hoppenrath, Preisfeld, Larsen, Yoshimatsu, Topriumi, & Patterson, 2006
Cafeteria roenbergensis Fenchel & Patterson, 1988 Jenningsia nigrum Lee, Blackmore & Patterson, 1999 Petalomonas boadicea Larsen & Patterson, 1990 Rhinodinium broomeensis Murray, Hoppenrath, Preisfeld, Larsen, Yoshimatsu, Topriumi, & Patterson, 2006
Carpediemonas Ekebom, Patterson & Vørs, 1996 Jenningsia sacculus Lee, Blackmore & Patterson, 1999 Petalomonas calycimonoides Lee & Patterson, 2000 Rhizomonas setigera Patterson, Nygaard, Steinberg & Turley, 1993
Carpediemonas bialata Lee & Patterson, 2000 Kamera Patterson & Zölffel, 1991 Petalomonas christeni Lee & Patterson, 2000 Rhynchobodo simius Patterson & Simpson, 1996
Carpediemonas membranifera Ekebom, Patterson & Vørs, 1996 Kamera lens Patterson & Zölffel, 1991 Petalomonas compressa Schroeckh, Lee & Patterson, 2003 Sciviamonas Ekelund, Patterson & Vørs in Ekelund & Patterson, 1997
Centroheliozoa Patterson, 1994 Kiitoksia kaloista Tong, Vørs & Patterson, 1997 Petalomonas intortus Lee & Patterson, 2000 Sciviamonas terricola Ekelund, Patterson & Vørs in Ekelund & Patterson, 1997
Cercomonas granulatus Lee & Patterson, 2000 Macappella Patterson & Zölffel, 1991 Petalomonas iugosus Lee & Patterson, 2000 Slabyrinthulids Patterson, 1994
Chlamydaster fimbriatus Dürrschmidt & Patterson, 1987 Massisteria Larsen & Patterson, 1990 Petalomonas labrum Lee & Patterson, 2000 Slanimals Patterson 1985
Ciliophrys azurina Mikrjukov & Patterson, 2001 Massisteria marina Larsen & Patterson, 1990 Petalomonas marginalis Larsen & Patterson, 1990 Sloomycetes Patterson, 1985
Clautriavia cavus Lee & Patterson, 2000 Mastigamoeba psammobia Larsen & Patterson, 1990 Petalomonas minor Larsen & Patterson, 1990 Slopalinida Patterson, 1985
Colpodella turpis Simpson & Patterson, 1996 Mastigamoeba punctachora Bernard Simpson & Patterson, 2000 Petalomonas physaloides Lee & Patterson, 2000 Sphenomonas alburiae Schroeckh, Lee & Patterson, 2003
Colpodella unguis Patterson & Simpson, 1996 Mastigamoeba schizophrenia Simpson, Bernard, Fenchel & Patterson, 1997 Petalomonas planus Lee & Patterson, 2000 Stramenochromes Patterson, 1989
Cristamonadida Brugerolle & Patterson Metafolliculina ballerina Mulisch, Harry, Patterson & Wyatt, 1986 Petalomonas poosilla Larsen & Patterson, 1990 Stramenopiles Patterson, 1994
Cryptaulax elegans Larsen & Patterson, 1990 Metopion Larsen & Patterson, 1990 Petalomonas quinquecarinata Lee & Patterson, 2000 Tetradimorpha pterbica Mikrjukov & Patterson, in Mikrjukov, 2000
Dinema dimorphum Schroeckh, Lee & Patterson, 2003 Metopion fluens Larsen & Patterson, 1990 Petalomonas raiula Larsen & Patterson, 1990 Thecamonas Larsen & Patterson, 1990
Dinema inaequale Larsen & Patterson, 1990 Metromonas Larsen & Patterson, 1990 Petalomonas spinifera Lee & Patterson, 2000 Thecamonas filosa Larsen & Patterson, 1990
Dinema litorale Larsen & Patterson, 1990 Metromonas grandis Larsen & Patterson, 1990 Petalomonas virgatus Lee & Patterson, 2000 Thecamonas mutabilis Larsen & Patterson, 1990
Dinema maculata Larsen & Patterson, 1990 Metromonas simplex Larsen & Patterson, 1990 Petalomonas virgatus Lee & Patterson, 2000 Thecamonas trahens Larsen & Patterson, 1990
Dinema platysomum Lee & Patterson, 2000 Ministeria Patterson, Nygaard, Steinberg & Turley, 1993 Phyllomitus granulatus Larsen & Patterson, 1990 Toshiba Patterson & Zölffel, 1991
Dinema validum Larsen & Patterson, 1990 Ministeria marisola Patterson, Nygaard, Steinberg & Turley, 1993 Phyllomitus vesiculosus Larsen & Patterson, 1990 Toshiba vorax Patterson & Zölffel, 1991
Dinematomonas inaequale Larsen & Patterson, 1990 Monotrichomonas Bernard Simpson & Patterson, 2000 Platychilomonas Larsen & Patterson, 1990 Trimastix inaequalis Bernard Simpson & Patterson, 2000
Dinematomonas litorale Larsen & Patterson, 1990 Monotrichomonas carabina Bernard Simpson & Patterson, 2000 Platychilomonas psammobia Larsen & Patterson, 1990 Urceolus cornutus Larsen & Patterson, 1990
Dinematomonas maculata Larsen & Patterson, 1990 Notosolenus adamus Lee & Patterson, 2000 Plaustrimonas Patterson & Simpson, 1996 Urceolus costatus Larsen & Patterson, 1990
Dinematomonas valida Larsen & Patterson, 1990 Notosolenus alatellus Larsen & Patterson, 1990 Pleurostomum turgidum Patterson & Simpson, 1996
Dingensia Patterson & Zölffel, 1991 Notosolenus brothernis Lee & Patterson, 2000 Ploeotia adhaerens Larsen & Patterson, 1990

References

  1. ^ Patterson, P. (2007). "The Collector". Nature. 449 (7158): 23. doi:10.1038/449023a. PMID 17805272.
  2. ^ Patterson, David J. and Sogin, M. L. 2007. The micro*scope web tool. pp 579-584 in Sullivan W. T., Baross, J. A. (eds) Planets and Life: The emerging Science of Astrobiology. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge
  3. ^ Roland, S. Bahr, M. Olendzenski, L., and Patterson, D. J. 2005. Switch on micro*scope. The Science Teacher, February 2005, 47-49.
  4. ^ Patterson, D. J. & Brugerolle, G. 1988. The ultrastructural identity of Stephanopogon apogon and the relatedness of the genus to other kinds of protists. Europ. J. Protistol. 23: 279-290.
  5. ^ Patterson, D. J. 1999. The diversity of eukaryotes. American Naturalist 154: S96-124.
  6. ^ Lee, W. J. & Patterson, D.J. 1998. Diversity and geographic distribution of free-living heterotrophic flagellates - analysis by PRIMER. Protist, 149: 229-243.
  7. ^ Lee, W. J. & Patterson, D. J. 1999. Are communities of heterotrophic flagellates determined by their geography? In Ponder, W. and Lunney, D. The other 99%. The conservation and biodiversity of Invertebrates. Trans. R. Soc. New South Wales, Mosman, Sydney, pp 232-235.
  8. ^ "Home". sloan.org.
  9. ^ http://www.plazi.org/