April 1 orders, based on legislation signed on February 19, 1942
April 1 orders, based on legislation signed on February 19, 1942

The Day of Remembrance (DOR, Japanese: 追憶の日,[1] Tsuioku no Hi) is a day of observance for the internment of Japanese Americans during World War II.[2] Events in numerous U.S. states, especially in the West Coast, are held on or near February 19, the day in 1942 that Executive Order 9066 was signed by President Franklin D. Roosevelt, requiring internment of all Americans of Japanese ancestry.[3]


The first Day of Remembrance, observing the day that Executive Order 9066 was signed and authorizing the Japanese American internment, was in the state of Washington on November 25, 1978, organized by the Evacuation Redress Committee. Co-sponsors included thirty churches, veterans' groups, and other social organizations, as well as the national Japanese American Citizens League (JACL). The event took place mainly at the Puyallup fairgrounds, which had served in 1942 as the assembly center named Camp Harmony. Although initially resistant, the board of the Western Washington Fair ultimately voted unanimously to allow the event to use the fairgrounds free of charge. The National Guard provided several large trucks similar to those used in 1942 to lead a caravan from Sicks' Stadium in Seattle to Puyallup, replicating the route taken by some of the internees.[4] One of the key organizers of the first day of remembrance was Chinese-American writer, Frank Chin.

Jay Hirabayashi performs a butoh dance piece in memory of his parents, Gordon and Esther Hirabayashi, at a Day of Remembrance event in Seattle, Washington, February 22, 2014.
Jay Hirabayashi performs a butoh dance piece in memory of his parents, Gordon and Esther Hirabayashi, at a Day of Remembrance event in Seattle, Washington, February 22, 2014.

The University of Washington Department of American Ethnic Studies held its first Day of Remembrance program in 1997, and has held such a program all but three of the years since. At the 2008 ceremony, called The Long Journey Home, the university granted honorary baccalaureate degrees to all 449 of their former Japanese American students who had been affected by Executive Order 9066.[5]

The state of Washington has officially recognized the DOR since 2003.[6]


Japanese American Memorial (Eugene, Oregon)
Japanese American Memorial (Eugene, Oregon)

The first Day of Remembrance event in Oregon occurred February 17, 1979, less than three months after the initial Washington event. Like the Washington event, it was held at a detention site: the former site of the Pacific International Livestock Exposition, which, in 1942, had been the site of the Portland Assembly Center.[7]


In 2013, a ceremony was to be held in San Francisco's Japantown district.[8][9][10] Los Angeles County has officially recognized the day.[11] In 1986 Governor George Deukmejian declared February 19, 1986 to be a Day of Remembrance in California, the first DOR designation by the state of California.[12], two and a half years before the "redress bill" (Civil Liberties Act of 1988[13]) was signed on August 10, 1988.

See also


  1. ^ 2021年、追憶の日 | Japanese American National Museum
  2. ^ CAPAC Members, Congressional Leaders Recognize Day of Remembrance for Japanese Internment, Congressional Asian Pacific American Caucus, February 19, 2013.
  3. ^ The Day of Remembrance is observed officially or unofficially in numerous U.S. states, including:
  4. ^ Jennifer Ott, First Day of Remembrance (of World War II incarceration of Japanese Americans) is held at the Puyallup Fairgrounds on November 25, 1978, HistoryLink article 9464, August 23, 2010.
  5. ^ "Day of Remembrance Commemorations", Courage in Action: the Life and Legacy of Gordon K. Hirabayashi, program for a symposium of the same name that took place at Kane Hall, University of Washington, February 22, 2014. This lists the program for each year; there is no listing for 1999, 2001, or 2005.
  6. ^ RCW 1.16.090 Legislative declaration for civil liberties day of remembrance, listing of statutes on the site of the Washington State Legislature. Accessed online 2014-02-27.
  7. ^ Mitzi Loftus, Day of Remembrance, The Oregon Encyclopedia (Portland State University). Accessed online 2014-02-27.
  8. ^ "San Francisco: Japanese Americans commemorate internment camps | abc7news.com". Abclocal.go.com. 2013-02-17. Archived from the original on 2014-03-05. Retrieved 2013-03-23.
  9. ^ "Gil Asakawa: Not Enough People Know About Japanese Americans' Day of Remembrance". Huffingtonpost.com. 2011-02-17. Retrieved 2013-03-23.
  10. ^ Tell Me More (2008-02-19). "'Remembrance' Marks Japanese-American Plight". NPR. Retrieved 2013-03-23.
  11. ^ "Long Beach Post - Day of Remembrance for Japanese-Americans Interned During WWII". Lbpost.com. Archived from the original on 2017-09-08. Retrieved 2013-03-23.
  12. ^ https://www.latimes.com/archives/la-xpm-1986-02-19-mn-9501-story.html?_amp=true "Governor Issued a proclamation designating today as..." latimes.com, 1986-02-19
  13. ^ "Civil Liberties Act of 1988 | Densho Encyclopedia".