December 1910 United Kingdom general election

← Jan 1910 3–19 December 1910 (1910-12-03 – 1910-12-19) 1918 →

All 670 seats in the House of Commons
336 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party
 
H H Asquith 1908 (cropped).jpg
Arthur-James-Balfour-1st-Earl-of-Balfour.jpg
Leader H. H. Asquith Arthur Balfour
Party Liberal Conservative and Liberal Unionist
Leader since 30 April 1908 11 June 1902
Leader's seat East Fife City of London
Last election 274 seats, 43.5% 272 seats, 46.8%
Seats won 272 271
Seat change Decrease2 Decrease1
Popular vote 2,157,256 2,270,753
Percentage 44.2% 46.6%
Swing Increase0.7% Decrease0.3%

  Third party Fourth party
 
Ireland yesterday and today (1909) (14587063449) (cropped).jpg
George Nicoll Barnes.png
Leader John Redmond George Barnes
Party Irish Parliamentary Labour
Leader since 6 February 1900 14 February 1910
Leader's seat Waterford City Glasgow Blackfriars
and Hutchesontown
Last election 71 seats, 1.2% 40 seats, 7.0%
Seats won 74 42
Seat change Increase3 Increase2
Popular vote 90,416 309,963
Percentage 1.9% 6.4%
Swing Increase0.7% Decrease0.6%

United Kingdom general election 1910 December.svg
Colours denote the winning party

Prime Minister before election

H. H. Asquith
Liberal

Prime Minister after election

H. H. Asquith
Liberal

The December 1910 United Kingdom general election was held from 3 to 19 December. It was the last general election to be held over several days[1] and the last to be held before the First World War.

The election took place following the efforts of the Liberal government to pass its People's Budget in 1909, which raised taxes on the wealthy to fund social welfare programs. The 1909 budget was only agreed to by the House of Lords in April 1910 after the January general election in which the Liberals and the Irish Parliamentary Party gained a majority. The Government called a further election in December 1910 to get a mandate for the Parliament Act 1911, which would prevent the House of Lords from permanently blocking legislation linked to money bills ever again, and to obtain King George V's agreement to threaten to create sufficient Liberal peers to pass that act (in the event this did not prove necessary, as the Lords voted to curtail their own powers).[2]

The Conservative Party, led by Arthur Balfour with their Liberal Unionist allies, and the Liberal Party, led by Prime Minister H. H. Asquith, almost exactly repeated the numerical result produced in the January election, with the Conservatives again winning the largest number of votes. The Liberal Party under Asquith remained in government with the support of the Irish Parliamentary Party. This was the last election in which the Liberals won the highest number of seats in the House of Commons. It was also the last United Kingdom general election in which a party other than Labour or the Conservatives won the most seats.

Results

England and Wales seat winners
England and Wales seat winners
272 74 271 42 8 3
Liberal IPP Conservative Lab AFI O
1910 (2) UK parliament.svg
UK General Election December 1910
Candidates Votes
Party Leader Stood Elected Gained Unseated Net % of total % No. Net %
  Conservative and Liberal Unionist Arthur Balfour 548 271 −1 40.4 46.6 2,270,753 −0.3
  Liberal H. H. Asquith 467 272 −2 40.6 44.2 2,157,256 +0.7
  Labour George Barnes 56 42 5 3 +2 6.3 6.4 309,963 −0.6
  Irish Parliamentary John Redmond 81 74 5 2 +3 11.0 1.9 90,416 +0.7
  All-for-Ireland William O'Brien 21 8 2 2 0 1.2 0.6 30,322 +0.2
  Social Democratic Federation H. M. Hyndman 2 0 0 0 0 0.1 5,733 −0.1
  Ind. Conservative N/A 4 1 1 1 0 0.1 0.1 4,647
  Independent Labour N/A 4 0 0 0 0 0.1 3,492
  Independent Liberal N/A 1 0 0 1 −1 0.0 1,946
  Scottish Prohibition Edwin Scrymgeour 1 0 0 0 0 0.0 913
  Independent Nationalist N/A 4 2 0 1 −1 0.3 0.0 911
  Independent N/A 2 0 0 0 0 0.0 57

Total votes cast: 4,876,409.[3]

Voting summary

Popular vote
Conservative and Liberal Unionist
46.57%
Liberal
44.23%
Labour
6.36%
Irish Parliamentary
1.85%
All-for-Ireland
0.23%
Others
0.78%

Seats summary

Parliamentary seats
Liberal
40.60%
Conservative and Liberal Unionist
40.45%
Irish Parliamentary
11.04%
Labour
6.27%
All-for-Ireland
1.19%
Others
0.45%

See also

References

  1. ^ "General Election Dates 1832–2005" (PDF), parliament.uk
  2. ^ Somervell, D. C. (1936), The Reign of King George V
  3. ^ All parties shown.

Further reading

Manifestos