Defence Planning Committee
Committeee overview
Formed19 April 2018; 4 years ago (2018-04-19)
JurisdictionIndia
Minister responsible
Deputy Minister responsible
Committeee executive
Parent departmentMinistry of Defence, Government of India

The Defence Planning Committee is a senior decision-making organisation created on 19 April 2018 by the Government of India.[1]

History

The Defence Planning Committee was notified by the Ministry of Defence (MoD) in April 2018, the National Security Adviser (NSA) was appointed as the chairperson of the committee, with the chairperson, Foreign Secretary, Defence Secretary, Chief of Defence Staff, Chief of the Army Staff, Chief of the Air Staff, Chief of the Naval Staff, and expenditure secretaries of Ministry of Finance being its members and the chief of the Integrated Defence Staff (CIDS) being its member-secretary,[2][3][4] the NSA was also given the mandate to co-opt members as they see fit. The Integrated Defence Staff headquarters at Kashmir House, New Delhi was to serve as the committee's secretariat.[2][3]

NSA Ajit Doval chaired the committee's first meeting on 3 May 2018, which was attended by the three chiefs of staff, and defence, foreign and expenditure secretaries.[5] The first meeting discussed the topics under mandate of DPC.[1]

Mandate

The mandate of DPC is manifold; the committee is empowered to "analyse and evaluate all relevant inputs relating to defence planning", which consists of—amongst others—"national defence and security priorities, foreign policy imperatives, operational directives and associated requirements, relevant strategic and security-related doctrines, defence acquisition and infrastructure development plans, including the 15-year Long-Term Integrated Perspective Plan (LTIPP), defence technology and development of the Indian defence industry and global technological advancement".[6][7][8]

The committee is also vested with the power of preparing different drafts, including—but not limited to—drafts on: "national security strategy, strategic defence review and doctrines; international defence engagement strategy; roadmap to build defence manufacturing eco-system; and prioritised capability development plans for the armed forces over different time-frames in consonance with the overall priorities, strategies and likely resource flows."[6][7][8]

The DPC answers to—and submits its reports to—the Raksha Mantri (Minister of Defence), currently Rajnath Singh.

According to the notification issued by Indian Government the DPC will have several mandates namely to[5]

  1. Prepare a draft National Security Strategy.
  2. Develop a capability development plan.
  3. Work on defence diplomacy issues.
  4. Improving defence manufacturing ecosystem in India.[1]

Organisation

Four sub-committees on: policy and strategy, plans and capability development, defence diplomacy and defence manufacturing ecosystem come under the DPC; the terms of reference and membership of the sub-committees are finalised separately. Specific issues are managed by the committee through its sub-committees.

DPC is chaired by the National Security Adviser, with the service chiefs, defence, expenditure and foreign secretaries being its members and the IDS chief being its member-secretary. The Integrated Defence Staff headquarters in New Delhi serves as the secretariat for the committee. The DPC submit its reports to the Raksha Mantri (Minister of Defence).[5]

Members

Members of the Defence Planning Committee
Position Incumbent Portrait Ex-officio status
National Security Adviser Ajit Doval, IPS (retd.)
Chairperson
Permanent Chairperson, Chiefs of Staff Committee and Chief of Defence Staff General Bipin Rawat
Bipin Rawat (CDS).jpg
Chief of the Naval Staff Admiral Karambir Singh
Admiral Karambir Singh, PVSM, AVSM, ADC.jpg
Member
Chief of the Army Staff General Manoj Mukund Naravane
General Manoj Mukund Naravane, PVSM, AVSM, SM, VSM, ADC takes over as the Chief of Army Staff COAS of the Indian Army (cropped).jpg
Chief of the Air Staff Air Chief Marshal Rakesh Kumar Singh Bhadauria
Air Chief Marshal Rakesh Kumar Singh Bhadauria PVSM AVSM VM ADC took over as the Chief of the Air Staff on 30 September 2019.jpg
Defence SecretaryAjay Kumar, IAS
The Secretary (Defence Production), Dr. Ajay Kumar, in New Delhi on July 04, 2019 (cropped).jpg
Expenditure SecretaryT. V. Somanathan, IAS
Foreign SecretaryHarsh Vardhan Shringla, IFS
Chief of Integrated Defence Staff(Also Vice Chief of Defense Staff) Vice Admiral Atul Kumar Jain
Vice Admiral Atul Kumar Jain, AVSM, VSM.jpg
Member-Secretary

Reception

Former Chief of the Air Staff, Air Chief Marshal Srinivasapuram Krishnaswamy—who was a part of the Naresh Chandra task-force—praised the move, calling it "an outstanding move";[9] but, criticised the government's decision to not include the Defence Production Secretary and Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) chairperson in the committee, dubbing them "key players" in the government's flagship Make in India initiative.[9]

Amit Cowshish, a former Financial Adviser (Acquisition) in the Ministry of Defence, criticised the committee's "wide mandate", calling it an obstacle from "swift reform".[10] Cowshish also criticised the timing of DPC's creation, calling it a step taken "four years too late",[10] further adding that the creation of the committee called "into question the relevance of the existing long-term, five-year and annual plans of the armed forces".[10]

Mohinder Puri, a former deputy chief of the army, praised the government's decision, saying, "on the face of it, the DPC looks good, as it takes the overall view of national and international security".[9] A The Week column questioned the decision of naming the NSA as DPC's chairperson, arguing that NSA is already overworked as it is being the PM's special representative on border issues with China and chief of the executive council of Nuclear Command Authority.[9]

See also

Integrated entities
Assets
Other nations
General concepts

References

  1. ^ a b c "Defence Planning Committee holds first meeting; decides to make action plan to deal with security challenges—The meeting, chaired by National Security Adviser Ajit Doval, also discussed ways to expedite modernisation of the armed forces and evolving a security strategy for the country". The Indian Express. Press Trust of India. 4 May 2018.
  2. ^ a b Singh, Sushant (19 April 2018). "NSA will chair panel set up for new security roadmap; Foreign, Defence Secys its members". The Indian Express. New Delhi: Indian Express Group. OCLC 70274541. Retrieved 6 June 2018.
  3. ^ a b "NSA-headed committee for higher defence management". The Hindu. Special Correspondent. New Delhi: N. Ram. 19 April 2018. ISSN 0971-751X. OCLC 13119119. Retrieved 6 June 2018.((cite news)): CS1 maint: others (link)
  4. ^ Ahmed, Ali (26 May 2018). "The Doval Scorecard". Economic and Political Weekly. Sameeksha Trust. 53 (21). ISSN 0012-9976. LCCN sa67002009. OCLC 46735231.
  5. ^ a b c "Doval chairs first meet of defence panel". The Hindu. 4 May 2018. Retrieved 4 May 2018.
  6. ^ a b Behera, Laxman Kumar (19 April 2018). "Creation of Defence Planning Committee: A Step towards Credible Defence Preparedness | Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses". Institute of Defence Studies and Analyses. Retrieved 12 January 2020.
  7. ^ a b Joshi, Manoj (22 August 2018). "Scraping the bottom of the barrel: Budgets, organisation and leadership in the Indian defence system". Observer Research Foundation. Retrieved 12 January 2020.
  8. ^ a b Gupta, Shishir (19 April 2018). "India to create super-committee for defence planning". Hindustan Times. New Delhi. ISSN 0972-0243. OCLC 231696742. Retrieved 12 January 2020.
  9. ^ a b c d Sagar, Pradip R (3 June 2018). "Committed to synergy". The Week. Jacob Mathew. Retrieved 6 June 2018.
  10. ^ a b c Cowshish, Amit (24 May 2018). "A blunt instrument". The Indian Express. OCLC 70274541. Retrieved 12 January 2020.