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Defense Security Command
국군보안사령부(October 7, 1977 - January 1, 1991)
국군기무사령부(January 1, 1991 - September 2018)
ActiveOctober 7, 1977 - September 2018
Country South Korea
TypeROK Armed Forces Inter-service command
RoleCounterintelligence
Criminal investigation
HUMINT
Military intelligence
Part ofMinistry of Defense
Garrison/HQGwacheon, Gyeonggi-do, Korea
Motto(s)Loyalty, Honor, Unity
(충성, 명예, 단결)
Website[Official Website
Commanders
Notable
commanders
General Chun Doo-hwan
General Roh Tae-woo
Defense Security Command
Hangul
국군보안사령부
Hanja
國軍保安司令部
Revised RomanizationGukgun Boan Saryeongbu
McCune–ReischauerKukkun Poan Saryeongpu
Defense Security Command
Hangul
국군기무사령부
Hanja
國軍機務司令部
Revised RomanizationGukgun Gimu Saryeongbu
McCune–ReischauerKukkun Kimu Saryeongpu

The Republic of Korea Armed Forces's Defense Security Command (DSC) was founded as the Army Counter Intelligence Corps (commonly known as CIC or KACIC;[1][2] meaning: Special Operation Forces) on October 21, 1950, and it functioned as the primary organization within the military charged with internal security, preservation of loyalty to the regime, and deterrence and investigation of subversion.

The DSC is often known by its short name Boansa (Boan Saryeongbu) until January 1, 1991, and Gimusa (Gimu Saryeongbu) since January 1, 1991.

History

The Defense Security Command was formally activated in October 1977.[3] This merger of the Army Security Command, the Navy Security Unit, and the Air Force Office of Special Investigations produced a single, integrated unit under the direct command and operational control of the minister of national defense.[3]

Chun Doo-hwan became chief of the Defense Security Command in February 1979, eight months before Park Chung-hee was assassinated on October 26, 1979. From his position as commander of the DSC, Chun effectively became chief investigator of the assassination, said Don Oberdorfer in his book The Two Koreas.[4] On December 12, 1979, a group of generals led by Chun arrested martial law commander General Jeong Seung-hwa, the army chief of staff, and seized key sites in the capital.

also, Chun mobilize the DSC 505th Defense Security Unit(Korean제505보안부대; Hanja第505保安部隊) in Gwangju Uprising on May 1980.[5] during the Uprising, Plainclothed DSC 505th DSU operatives disguised themselves as protesters(lately became militia) to Covert operations such as gathering intelligence,[6] arresting top-level members for ruin the protester(militia)'s reputation by make it look like North Korean opeatives involved in the Uprising.[7] Chun eventually became President of South Korea.

In August 2018, it was dismantled due to its relation with former South Korean president Park Geun-hye. The martial law events were reviewed in case President Park's impeachment would be dismissed.

The DSC's involvement in 1979 was considered and defined as attempt of a coup by state council.[8]

Successor

In September 2018, it was reorganized as Defense Security Support Command.

Criticism

On November 11, 2011, the Seoul National Labor Relations Commission exposed a Defense Security Command member who had been illegally collecting the information of civilians registered in the National Health Insurance Corporation for three and a half years.[9]

References

  1. ^ 體育大會어제閉幕 靑年의意氣遺憾없이發揚. Naver.com (in Korean). Dong-A Ilbo. 1953-10-23. Retrieved 2021-04-03.
  2. ^ 뉴스데스크 5-60년대 육군 특무부대원들 조선시대 마패처럼 메달 갖고 다녀[전봉기] (in Korean). 2006-04-16. Retrieved 2021-04-03.
  3. ^ a b http://www.country-data.com/cgi-bin/query/r-12388.htm[dead link]
  4. ^ Addison-Wesley, Reading, Mass, 1997, ISBN 0-201-40927-5, p. 121
  5. ^ "Chun Doo-hwan arrived in Gwangju by helicopter before troops opened fire on civilians". Archived from the original on May 17, 2019. Retrieved 2019-05-14.
  6. ^ "기무사 사진첩, 37년 만에 공개 ① : 평상복으로 위장한 군인이 기록한 5·18" (in Korean). Retrieved 2017-12-01.((cite news)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  7. ^ "39년 전 그날의 참상에 광주는 다시 울었다" (in Korean). Archived from the original on December 2, 2020. Retrieved 2019-12-11.
  8. ^ "뉴스1 | 계엄문건 67장 '세부자료' 공개…탄핵기각시 '실행' 수준 Detailed Martial law document 67 pages open to public". 뉴스1 (in Korean). Retrieved 2020-03-26.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  9. ^ Kim (김), Tae-gyu (태규) (2011-11-12). 기무사, 건보공단서 3년6개월간 민간인 62명 개인정보 빼냈다.. The Hankyeoreh (in Korean). Retrieved 2011-11-12.