Demographics of Serbia
Serbia population pyramid in 2020
PopulationDecrease 6,647,003[1]
Growth rateDecrease −10.9 per 1,000 inhabitants (2021)[2]
Birth rateDecrease 9.2 per 1,000 pop. (2023)[2]
Death rateNegative increase 14.7 per 1,000 pop. (2023)[2]
Life expectancyDecrease 72.7 years (2021)[2]
 • male73.1 years [3]
 • female78.4 years[3]
Fertility rateIncrease 1.63 children born/woman (2022)[2]
Infant mortality ratePositive decrease 4.8 deaths/1,000 infants (2019)[2]
Net migration rateDecrease –0.9 migrant(s)/1,000 pop. (2022)
Age structure
0–14 yearsSteady 14.3% (2021)[2]
15–64 yearsDecrease 64.4% (2021)[2]
65 and overNegative increase 21.3% (2021)[2]
Sex ratio
At birth1.06 male(s)/female
Under 151.06 male(s)/female
15–64 years1.00 male(s)/female
65 and over0.75 male(s)/female
Nationality
Nationalitynoun: Serbian(s) adjective: Serbian
Major ethnicSerbs Decrease (80.6%) / Increase (86.6%)
Minor ethnicHungarians Decrease (2.8%) / Decrease (3.0%)
Bosniaks Increase (2.31%) / Increase (2.5%)
Roma Decrease (2%) / Decrease (2.1%)
other minorities around 5.3% / (5.8%)
undeclared and unknown 6.9% Increase
Language
OfficialSerbian at national level;
Hungarian, Bosnian, Croatian, Slovak, Albanian, Romanian, Montenegrin and Rusyn are in official use in Vojvodina. Minority languages are used in municipalities which harbor minorities.
SpokenSerbian Increase (84.36%)
Hungarian Decrease (2.5%)
Bosnian Increase (2.1%)
Romani Decrease (1.2%)
other minority languages less than 1%

Demographic features of the population of Serbia include vital statistics, ethnicity, religious affiliations, education level, health of the populace, and other aspects of the population.

History

Main article: Demographic history of Serbia

Censuses in Serbia ordinarily take place every 10 years, organized by the Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. The Principality of Serbia had conducted the first population census in 1834; the subsequent censuses were conducted in 1841, 1843, 1846, 1850, 1854, 1859, 1863 and 1866 and 1874. During the era Kingdom of Serbia, six censuses were conducted in 1884, 1890, 1895, 1900, 1905 and the last one being in 1910. During the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, censuses were conducted in 1921 and 1931; the census in 1941 was never conducted due to the outbreak of World War II. Socialist Yugoslavia conducted censuses in 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, and 1991. The two most recent censuses were held in 2011 and 2022.

The years since the first 1834 Census saw frequent border changes of Serbia, first amidst the disintegration of the Ottoman Empire and Austria-Hungary, then the subsequent formation and later disintegration of Yugoslavia and, finally, the partially recognized independence of Kosovo in 2008, which affected territorial scope in which all these censuses have been conducted.

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1834678,192—    
1841828,895+2.91%
1843859,545+1.83%
1846915,080+2.11%
1850956,893+1.12%
1854998,919+1.08%
18591,078,281+1.54%
18631,108,568+0.69%
18661,215,576+3.12%
18741,353,890+1.36%
18841,901,736+3.46%
18902,161,961+2.16%
18952,312,484+1.36%
19002,492,882+1.51%
19052,688,025+1.52%
19102,911,701+1.61%
19214,380,420+3.78%
19315,173,848+1.68%
19485,794,837+0.67%
19536,162,321+1.24%
19616,678,247+1.01%
19717,202,915+0.76%
19817,729,246+0.71%
19917,822,795+0.12%
20027,498,001−0.38%
20117,233,619−0.40%
20226,690,887−0.71%
Graphs are unavailable due to technical issues. There is more info on Phabricator and on MediaWiki.org.
Graphs are unavailable due to technical issues. There is more info on Phabricator and on MediaWiki.org.
Graphs are unavailable due to technical issues. There is more info on Phabricator and on MediaWiki.org.

Total fertility rate 1860–1949

The total fertility rate is the number of children born per woman. It is based on fairly good data for the entire period. Sources: Our World In Data and Gapminder Foundation.[4]

Year 1860 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866 1867 1868 1869 1870[4]
Total fertility rate 5.51 5.47 5.43 5.7 5.96 5.97 5.98 5.98 5.99 6 6
Year 1871 1872 1873 1874 1875 1876 1877 1878 1879 1880[4]
Total fertility rate 5.95 5.89 5.84 5.78 5.73 5.67 5.62 5.56 5.51 5.45
Year 1881 1882 1883 1884 1885 1886 1887 1888 1889 1890[4]
Total fertility rate 5.45 5.44 5.44 5.43 5.43 5.42 5.42 5.41 5.41 5.4
Year 1891 1892 1893 1894 1895 1896 1897 1898 1899 1900[4]
Total fertility rate 5.43 5.46 5.48 5.51 5.54 5.57 5.6 5.63 5.65 5.68
Year 1901 1902 1903 1904 1905 1906 1907 1908 1909 1910[4]
Total fertility rate 5.54 5.41 5.48 5.27 5.13 5 5.04 5.13 5.18 5.23
Year 1911 1912 1913 1914 1915 1916 1917 1918 1919 1920[4]
Total fertility rate 5.18 5.14 5.1 5.05 5.01 4.96 4.92 4.88 4.83 4.79
Year 1921 1922 1923 1924 1925 1926 1927 1928 1929 1930[4]
Total fertility rate 4.75 4.7 4.76 4.62 4.57 4.53 4.49 4.44 4.4 4.36
Year 1931 1932 1933 1934 1935 1936 1937 1938 1939 1940[4]
Total fertility rate 4.31 4.27 4.22 4.18 4.14 4.09 4.05 4.01 3.96 3.92
Year 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945 1946 1947 1948 1949[4]
Total fertility rate 3.88 3.83 3.79 3.75 3.7 3.66 3.61 3.57 3.53

Vital statistics

Source: Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia[5][6][7][8][9] Data for Serbia excluding Kosovo.

Average population Live births Deaths Natural change Crude birth rate (per 1000) Crude death rate (per 1000) Natural change (per 1000) Crude migration change (per 1000) Total fertility rate Female fertile population (15–49 years)
1950 5,969,977 163,297 76,851 86,446 27.4 12.9 14.5 3.11 1,667,489
1951 6,045,982 145,197 80,034 65,163 24.0 13.2 10.8 1.9 2.70 1,679,515
1952 6,106,976 161,306 67,870 93,436 26.4 11.1 15.3 -5.2 2.94 1,691,530
1953 6,186,015 151,672 68,168 83,504 24.5 11.0 '13.5 -0.6' 2.69 1,703,548
1954 6,271,014 152,569 62,610 89,959 24.3 10.0 14.3 -0.6 2.66 1,714,614
1955 6,369,436 140,396 65,179 75,217 22.0 10.2 11.8 3.9 2.42 1,725,685
1956 6,422,999 132,078 67,105 64,973 20.6 10.4 10.1 -1.7 2.26 1,736,751
1957 6,481,984 118,535 61,885 56,650 18.3 9.5 8.7 0.5 2.03 1,739,485
1958 6,535,020 118,425 55,564 62,861 18.1 8.5 9.6 -1.4 2.05 1,742,115
1959 6,587,014 114,872 60,850 54,022 17.4 9.2 8.2 -0.2 2.02 1,739,287
1960 6,638,992 119,298 61,872 57,426 18.0 9.3 8.6 -0.7 2.12 1,733,296
1961 6,689,077 115,222 57,990 57,232 17.2 8.7 8.6 -1.1 2.08 1,727,303
1962 6,740,264 110,008 62,830 47,178 16.3 9.3 7.0 0.7 2.03 1,735,235
1963 6,787,950 108,324 57,778 50,546 16.0 8.5 7.4 -0.3 2.02 1,750,899
1964 6,832,855 103,847 62,100 41,747 15.2 9.1 6.1 0.5 1.96 1,769,796
1965 6,876,624 106,699 58,856 47,843 15.5 8.6 7.0 -0.6 2.02 1,807,362
1966 6,927,969 103,775 55,471 48,304 15.0 8.0 7.0 0.5 1.98 1,843,693
1967 6,966,522 103,491 62,915 40,576 14.9 9.0 5.8 -0.2 1.96 1,887,344
1968 7,007,586 103,621 60,932 42,689 14.8 8.7 6.1 -0.2 1.95 1,945,878
1969 7,123,249 105,478 68,152 37,326 14.8 9.6 5.2 11.3 1.93 1,972,004
1970 7,164,993 102,453 67,211 35,242 14.3 9.4 4.9 1.0 1.81 2,012,702
1971 7,211,716 104,070 65,872 38,198 14.4 9.1 5.3 1.2 1.83 2,020,324
1972 7,267,030 106,859 70,822 36,037 14.7 9.7 5.0 2.7 1.83 2,019,717
1973 7,322,344 108,361 67,152 41,209 14.8 9.2 5.6 2.0 1.84 2,036,056
1974 7,377,659 110,458 66,457 44,001 15.0 9.0 6.0 1.6 1.86 2,020,513
1975 7,432,973 112,945 69,590 43,355 15.2 9.4 5.8 1.7 1.88 2,010,021
1976 7,488,287 114,035 68,565 45,470 15.2 9.2 6.1 1.3 1.89 2,002,713
1977 7,543,601 111,510 68,924 42,586 14.8 9.1 5.6 1.8 1.86 1,994,191
1978 7,598,916 110,622 71,986 38,636 14.6 9.5 5.1 2.2 1.86 1,974,022
1979 7,654,230 109,953 72,306 37,647 14.4 9.4 4.9 2.4 1.87 1,986,006
1980 7,709,544 109,597 76,180 33,417 14.2 9.9 4.3 2.9 1.86 1,997,988
1981 7,736,787 103,407 78,086 25,321 13.4 10.1 3.3 0.2 1.76 1,977,061
1982 7,763,335 106,575 78,473 28,102 13.7 10.1 3.6 -0.2 1.84 1,947,609
1983 7,788,100 108,003 83,506 24,497 13.9 10.7 3.1 0.1 1.89 1,914,434
1984 7,813,549 107,036 82,742 24,294 13.7 10.6 3.1 0.2 1.90 1,921,422
1985 7,835,902 101,938 81,836 20,102 13.0 10.4 2.6 0.3 1.84 1,920,627
1986 7,853,824 99,419 83,977 15,442 12.7 10.7 2.0 0.3 1.82 1,911,361
1987 7,868,027 98,279 83,426 14,853 12.5 10.6 1.9 -0.1 1.82 1,919,612
1988 7,884,218 97,471 83,616 13,855 12.4 10.6 1.8 0.3 1.82 1,899,146
1989 7,893,787 91,270 85,256 6,014 11.6 10.8 0.8 0.4 1.72 1,895,541
1990 7,897,937 90,467 85,515 4,952 11.5 10.8 0.6 -0.1 1.72 1,899,883
1991 7,824,589 90,378 89,072 1,306 11.6 11.4 0.2 -9.5 1.82 1,813,520
1992 7,787,897 86,877 93,475 -6,598 11.2 12.0 -0.8 -3.9 1.76 1,821,688
1993 7,751,205 87,931 95,121 -7,190 11.3 12.3 -0.9 -3.8 1.78 1,833,456
1994 7,714,513 85,292 93,011 -7,719 11.1 12.1 -1.0 -3.7 1.72 1,846,610
1995 7,677,821 86,236 93,933 -7,697 11.2 12.2 -1.0 -3.8 1.74 1,860,970
1996 7,641,129 82,548 98,370 -15,822 10.8 12.9 -2.1 -2.7 1.66 1,868,882
1997 7,604,437 79,716 98,068 -18,352 10.5 12.9 -2.4 -2.4 1.61 1,864,628
1998 7,567,745 76,330 99,376 -23,046 10.1 13.1 -3.0 -1.8 1.54 1,855,228
1999 7,540,401 72,222 101,444 -29,222 9.6 13.5 -3.9 0.3 1.46 1,844,875
2000 7,516,346 73,764 104,042 -30,278 9.8 13.8 -4.0 0.8 1.48 1,831,994
2001 7,503,433 78,435 99,008 -20,573 10.5 13.2 -2.7 1.0 1.58 1,821,493
2002 7,500,031 78,101 102,785 -24,684 10.4 13.7 -3.3 2.8 1.57 1,810,526
2003 7,480,591 79,025 103,946 -24,921 10.6 13.9 -3.3 0.7 1.59 1,789,668
2004[10] 7,463,157 78,186 104,320 -26,134 10.5 14.0 -3.5 1.2 1.57 1,770,053
2005 7,440,769 72,180 106,771 -34,591 9.7 14.3 -4.6 1.6 1.45 1,750,845
2006 7,411,569 70,997 102,884 -31,887 9.6 13.9 -4.3 0.4 1.43 1,733,316
2007 7,381,579 68,102 102,805 -34,703 9.2 13.9 -4.7 0.7 1.38 1,718,428
2008 7,350,222 69,083 102,711 -33,628 9.4 14.0 -4.6 0.4 1.41 1,704,735
2009 7,320,807 70,299 104,000 -33,701 9.6 14.2 -4.6 0.6 1.44 1,691,363
2010[11] 7,291,436 68,304 103,211 -34,907 9.4 14.2 -4.8 0.8 1.41 1,677,562
2011 7,236,519 65,598 102,935 -37,337 9.1 14.2 -5.2 -2.3 1.40 1,632,708
2012 7,201,497 67,257 102,400 -35,143 9.3 14.2 -4.9 0.1 1.45 1,615,898
2013 7,166,552 65,554 100,300 -34,746 9.1 14.0 -4.8 -0.1 1.43 1,599,129
2014 7,131,787 66,461 101,247 -34,786 9.3 14.2 -4.9 0 1.47 1,582,643
2015 7,095,383 65,657 103,678 -38,021 9.3 14.6 -5.4 0.3 1.46 1,566,064
2016 7,058,322 64,734 100,834 -36,100 9.2 14.3 -5.1 -0.1 1.46 1,550,651
2017 7,020,858 64,894 103,722 -38,828 9.2 14.8 -5.5 0.2 1.48 1,537,044
2018[12] 6,982,604 63,975 101,655 -37,680 9.2 14.6 -5.4 0 1.48 1,523,675
2019[13][14] 6,945,235 64,399 101,458 -37,059 9.3 14.6 -5.3 -0.1 1.52 1,510,363
2020[15][16] 6,899,126 61,692 116,850 -55,158 8.9 16.9 -8.0 1.4 1.48 1,496,982
2021[17][18] 6,834,326 62,180 136,622 -74,442 9.1 20.0 -10.9 1.5 1.52 1,482,691
2022[a] 6,664,449 62,700 109,203 -46,503 9.4 16.4 -7.0 -17.9 1.63 1,410,619
2023 6,623,183 61,052 97,081 -36,029 9.2 14.7 -5.4 1.61

Current vital statistics

[20][21]

Period Live births Deaths Natural increase
January - May 2023 24,200 42,329 -18,129
January - May 2024 24,114 41,799 -17,685
Difference Decrease -86 (-0.4%) Positive decrease -530 (-1.3%) Increase +444

Birth statistics by districts

2021 data
District Population Live births Crude birth rate (‰)
City of Belgrade 1,688,667 17,803 10.5‰
Kolubara District 158,579 1,292 8.1‰
Mačva District 270,844 2,337 8.6‰
Moravica District 194,072 1,604 8.3‰
Pomoravlje District 191,260 1,322 6.9‰
Rasina District 215,629 1,554 7.2‰
Raška District 302,042 3,351 11.1‰
Šumadija District 275,944 2,144 7.8‰
Zlatibor District 259,182 2,247 8.7‰
Bor District 106,971 765 7.2‰
Braničevo District 160,070 1,107 6.9‰
Jablanica District 193,364 1,632 8.4‰
Nišava District 354,102 2,982 8.4‰
Pčinja District 193,073 1,784 9.2‰
Pirot District 81,165 572 7.0‰
Podunavlje District 180,400 1,570 8.7‰
Toplica District 80,765 770 9.5‰
Zaječar District 102,215 607 5.9‰
Central Banat District 169,757 1,454 8.6‰
North Bačka District 175,397 1,505 8.6‰
North Banat District 132,117 1,069 8.1‰
South Bačka District 617,177 6,549 10.6‰
South Banat District 272,560 2,374 8.7‰
Srem District 292,579 2,566 8.8‰
West Bačka District 166,395 1,220 7.3‰
Total 6,834,326 62,180 9.1‰

Birth rate by municipalities 1961–2020

Marriages and divorces

Data for Serbia excluding Kosovo.

Ethnic groups

Ethnic structure of Serbia by municipalities and cities 2022

Situated in the middle of the Balkans, Serbia is home to many different ethnic groups. According to the 2022 census, Serbs are the largest ethnic group in the country and constitute 80.6% of population (86.6% if categories not declared and unknown nationalities are excluded). Hungarians are the largest ethnic minority in Serbia, concentrated predominately in northern Vojvodina and representing 2.8% of the country's population (3% if categories not declared and unknown nationalities are excluded). Bosniaks are second largest ethnic minority mainly inhabiting Sandžak region in southwestern and most southern part of the country representing 2.3% of the country's population (2.5% if categories not declared and unknown nationalities are excluded). Romani people constitute 2% of the total population, or 2.1% if undeclared and unknown are not taken into account. Other minority groups include Albanians (0.9%), Slovaks and Croats (0.6%), Yugoslavs (0.4%), Romanians, Vlachs and Montenegrins (0.3%). The Chinese[23][24] and Arabs are the only two significant immigrant minorities,[citation needed] with the latter often using Serbia as a transient country on their way to Western Europe.[23] In 2022, 140 thousand migrants arrived in Serbia from Russia, and the country's authorities announced their intention to grant them citizenship in an expedited manner.[25]

Serbia (excluding Kosovo) in 2022
Serbs
80.6%
Hungarians
2.8%
Bosniaks
2.3%
Roma
2.0%
Slovaks
0.6%
Croats
0.6%
other
4.2%
unspecified
6.9%
Belgrade region
Serbs
90.7%
Roma
1.6%
other/unspecified
7.6%
Vojvodina
Serbs
76.7%
Hungarians
13%
Slovaks
2.6%
Croats
2.4%
Roma
2.2%
Romanians
1.3%
Montenegrins
1.1%
other/unspecified
9.7%
Šumadija and Western Serbia
Serbs
88.5%
Bosniaks
7%
Roma
1%
other/unspecified
3.5%
Southern and Eastern Serbia
Serbs
89.1%
Roma
3.6%
Vlachs
2.1%
Bulgarians
1%
Albanians
0.9%
other/unspecified
4.2%
Ethnic
group
census 1948 census 1953 census 1961 census 1971 census 1981 census 1991 census 2002[26] census 2011[27] census 2022[28]
Number % Number % Number % Number % Number % Number % Number % Number % Number %
Serbs 4,651,819 80.2 4,963,070 80.4 5,477,670 82.0 5,788,547 80.4 5,972,661 77.3 6,252,405 79.9 6,212,838 82.9 5,988,150 83.3 5,360,239 80.6
Hungarians 433,618 7.5 441,748 7.2 449,377 6.7 430,145 6.0 390,321 5.0 343,800 4.4 293,299 3.9 253,899 3.5 184,442 2.8
Bosniaks 7,636 0.1 74,840 1.2 85,441 1.3 127,973 1.8 156,604 2.0 180,222 2.3 136,087 1.8 145,278 2.0 153,801 2.3
Ethnic Muslims 19,503 0.3 22,301 0.3 13,011 0.2
Roma 40,951 0.7 46,896 0.8 6,624 0.1 35,301 0.5 76,833 1.0 94,492 1.2 108,193 1.4 147,604 2.1 131,936 2.0
Albanians 33,769 0.6 40,954 0.7 53,167 0.8 68,593 1.0 76,296 1.0 78,281 1.0 61,647 0.8 5,809 0.1 61,687 0.9
Croats 164,574 2.8 167,045 2.7 189,158 2.8 176,649 2.5 140,650 1.8 97,344 1.2 70,602 0.9 57,900 0.8 39,107 0.6
Slovaks 73,138 1.3 75,006 1.2 77,816 1.2 76,707 1.1 73,170 0.9 66,772 0.9 59,021 0.8 52,750 0.7 41,730 0.6
Yugoslavs 14,873 0.2 122,904 1.7 439,265 5.7 320,168 4.1 80,721 1.1 23,303 0.3 27,143 0.4
Montenegrins 46,810 0.8 54,718 0.9 67,165 1.0 93,705 1.3 120,438 1.6 118,934 1.5 69,049 0.9 38,527 0.5 20,238 0.3
Vlachs 93,440 1.6 28,047 0.5 1,367 0.0 14,719 0.2 25,592 0.3 17,804 0.2 40,054 0.5 35,330 0.5 21,013 0.3
Romanians 63,112 1.1 59,689 1.0 59,492 0.9 57,399 0.8 53,676 0.7 42,316 0.5 34,576 0.5 29,332 0.4 23,044 0.3
Macedonians 17,391 0.3 26,305 0.4 35,146 0.5 41,627 0.6 47,930 0.6 45,068 0.6 25,847 0.3 22,755 0.3 14,767 0.2
Bulgarians 59,395 1.0 60,146 1.0 58,243 0.9 53,536 0.7 33,294 0.4 26,698 0.3 20,497 0.3 18,543 0.3 12,918 0.2
Others[29]/unspecified 114,493 2.0 132,549 2.1 102,700 1.5 115,093 1.6 122,506 1.6 138,491 1.8 266,067 3.5 345,381 4.8 541,927 8.2
Total 5,800,146 6,171,013 6,678,239 7,202,898 7,729,236 7,822,795 7,498,001 7,186,862 6,647,003

Religion

Religion map (2011 census)

Main article: Religion in Serbia

Serbia (excluding Kosovo) in 2022
Eastern Orthodox
81.1%
Islam
4.2%
Roman Catholic
3.9%
Protestant
0.8%
Other
1.1%
Atheists/Agnostics
1.1%
Unspecified
7.9%

Serbia is largely a homogeneous Eastern Orthodox nation, with Catholic and Muslim minorities, among other smaller confessions.[30]

Orthodox Christians number 5,387,426 or 81.1% of country's population. The Serbian Orthodox Church is the largest and traditional church of the country, adherents of which are overwhelmingly Serbs. Other Orthodox Christian communities in Serbia include Montenegrins, Macedonians, Romanians and Bulgarians.

There are 257,269 Roman Catholics in Serbia, roughly 3.9% of the population, mostly in Vojvodina (especially its northern part) which is home to minority ethnic groups such as Hungarians, Croats, Bunjevci, Albanians, as well as to some Slovaks and Czechs.[31] Protestantism accounts for about 1% of the country's population, chiefly among Slovaks in Vojvodina as well as among Reformist Hungarians.

Muslims, with 278,212 or 4.2% of population, form second largest religious group. Islam has a strong historic following in the southern regions of Serbia, primarily in southern Sandžak. Bosniaks are the largest Islamic community in Serbia; estimates are that some third of country's Roma people are Muslim.

Languages

Linguistic map (2002 census)

Main articles: Languages of Serbia and Serbian language

Serbia (excluding Kosovo) in 2022
Serbian
84.4%
Hungarian
2.6%
Bosnian
2.2%
Romani
1.2%
Other/unspecified
9.6%

The official language is Serbian, member of the South Slavic group of languages, and is native to 5,607,558 or 84.4% of the population.[32] Recognized minority languages are: Hungarian (mother tongue to 170,875 people or 2.6% of population), Slovak, Romanian, Bulgarian, and Rusyn as well as Bosnian and Croatian which, like Serbian, are standardized varieties of the Serbo-Croatian pluricentric language. All these languages are in official use in municipalities or cities where more than a 15% of population consists of national minority.[33] In Vojvodina, provincial administration uses, besides Serbian, five other languages (Hungarian, Slovak, Romanian, Croatian, and Rusyn).

Largest cities

Name Population (2011)
Belgrade 1,383,875
Novi Sad 306,702
Niš 182,797
Kragujevac 146,315
Subotica 94,228

Migration

Emigration

See also: Serbian diaspora

Immigration

See also: Immigration to Serbia

Foreign citizens in Serbia in 2016.[34]

Temporary residence Permanent residence
# Country Population Country Population
1 China China 3,280 China China 1,232
2 Russia Russia 2,677 Romania Romania 1,162
3 Libya Libya 1,656 Russia Russia 620
4 North Macedonia North Macedonia 1,386 North Macedonia North Macedonia 516
5 Ukraine Ukraine 1,031 Ukraine Ukraine 340
Total 10,030 Total 3,870

After the start of the Russian invasion of Ukraine, more than 100,000 Russian citizens and 18,000 Ukrainian citizens arrived in Serbia within 7 months.[35]

Other demographic data

Data that follows has been derived from the Ministry of Demography and Population Policy of Serbia Official website[36]

Median age of the population
Total: 43.16 years (2018)
Male: 41.73 years
Female: 44.53 years
Mother's mean age at first birth
28.4 years (2018)
Number of marriages per 1000 inhabitants
5.2 marriages/1,000 population (2018)
Median age of the groom at the time of marriage
34.2 years (2018)
Median age of the bride at the time of marriage
31.1 years (2018)
Number of divorces per 1000 marriages
275.2 divorces/1,000 marriages (2018)

Education

Further information: Education in Serbia

According to 2011 census, literacy in Serbia stands at 98% of population while computer literacy is at 49% (complete computer literacy is at 34.2%).[37] Same census showed the following levels of education: 16.2% of inhabitants have higher education (10.6% have bachelors or master's degrees, 5.6% have an associate degree), 49% have a secondary education, 20.7% have an elementary education, and 13.7% have not completed elementary education.[38]

Health

Further information: Health in Serbia

Life expectancy in Serbia since 1950
Life expectancy in Serbia since 2000 by gender

The life expectancy in Serbia at birth is 74.8 years, 71.9 for males and 77.7 for females.[39] Serbia has a comparatively old overall population (among the 10 oldest in the world), with the average age of 42.9 years.[40]

Period Life expectancy in
Years[41]
1950–1955 59.12
1955–1960 Increase 61.60
1960–1965 Increase 64.26
1965–1970 Increase 66.72
1970–1975 Increase 68.53
1975–1980 Increase 69.53
1980–1985 Increase 70.20
1985–1990 Increase 71.14
1990–1995 Increase 71.74
1995–2000 Increase 71.91
2000–2005 Increase 72.36
2005–2010 Increase 73.33
2010–2015 Increase 74.65

See also

References

  1. ^ Total population for the period 2011-2021 is calculated on the basis of Population Census 2011, natural increase and internal migration data. The starting point for calculating the number of inhabitants for the municipalities Bujanovac, Medveđa and Preševo presented the estimate produced by the international expert team on the number of usual population in the time of 2011 Census.[19]
  1. ^ "Final results of the Census of Population, Households and Dwellings, 2022". Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. 28 April 2023. Retrieved 28 April 2023.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Population" (web). Stat.gov.rs. Retrieved 23 December 2022.
  3. ^ a b "Worldometers.info".
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Max Roser (2014), "Total Fertility Rate around the world over the last centuries", Our World In Data, Gapminder Foundation
  5. ^ "Demographic indicators". stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia.
  6. ^ "Demography statistics 1990, Yugoslavia" (PDF).
  7. ^ "Publications of Serbia". publikacije.stat.gov.rs. Archived from the original on 7 March 2021. Retrieved 2 January 2020.
  8. ^ "Eurostat database". ec.europa.eu.
  9. ^ "Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia". stat.gov.rs.
  10. ^ "Demographic statistics 2004" (PDF). publikacije.stat.gov.rs.
  11. ^ "Demographic Yearbook in the Republic of Serbia, 2010" (PDF). publikacije.stat.gov.rs.
  12. ^ "Demographic Yearbook 2018" (PDF). publikacije.stat.gov.rs.
  13. ^ "Vital events, 2019" (PDF). publikacije.stat.gov.rs.
  14. ^ "Estimates of population, 2019" (PDF). publikacije.stat.gov.rs.
  15. ^ "Vital events, 2020" (PDF). publikacije.stat.gov.rs.
  16. ^ "Estimates of population, 2020" (PDF). publikacije.stat.gov.rs.
  17. ^ "Vital events, 2021" (PDF). publikacije.stat.gov.rs.
  18. ^ "Estimates of population, 2021" (PDF). publikacije.stat.gov.rs.
  19. ^ Kovačević, Miladin (2023). "Статистички годишњак Републике Србије 2023" [Statistical Yearbook of the Republic of Serbia 2023] (PDF). Statistical Yearbook of Serbia (in Serbian and English) (32). Belgrade: Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia: 11. ISSN 0354-4206.
  20. ^ "Live births and deaths". stat.gov.rs.
  21. ^ "Prethodni rezultati o živorođenim i umrlim po regionima (First results about live births and deaths by region)". stat.gov.rs.
  22. ^ "Natural changes of population". data.stat.gov.rs.
  23. ^ a b "Chinese Migrants Use Serbia as Gate to Europe". Abcnews.go.com. Retrieved 26 September 2016.
  24. ^ V. Mijatović – B. Hadžić. "I Kinezi napuštaju Srbiju | Reportaže". Novosti.rs. Retrieved 29 September 2016.
  25. ^ РУСИМА И УКРАЈИНЦИМА СРПСКИ ПАСОШ - УБРЗАНО: А ево и ко ће имати предност, novosti.rs, 17 December 2022
  26. ^ "Official Results of Serbian Census 2002–Population" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 October 2013. Retrieved 19 February 2009. (441 KB), pp. 12-13 (in Serbian)
  27. ^ "Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia 2011 by nationality" (PDF). publikacije.stat.gov.rs.
  28. ^ "Коначни резултати Пописа становништва, домаћинстава и станова 2022". stat.gov.rs.
  29. ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia" (PDF). Pod2.stat.gov.rs. Retrieved 29 September 2016.
  30. ^ "Мother tongue, religion and ethnic affiliation | Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia". www.stat.gov.rs. Retrieved 20 June 2023.
  31. ^ "Становништво, домаћинства и породице – база: Попис у Србији 2011". Popis2011.stat.rs. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 29 September 2016.
  32. ^ "Dissemination database search". data.stat.gov.rs. Archived from the original on 22 November 2023. Retrieved 22 November 2023.
  33. ^ "EUROPEAN CHARTER FOR REGIONAL OR MINORITY LANGUAGES" (PDF). Coe.int. Retrieved 29 September 2016.
  34. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 July 2018. Retrieved 7 July 2018.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  35. ^ Više od 100.000 Rusa stiglo u Srbiju: "Učimo srpski jezik, upisali smo dete u ruski vrtić, možemo ovde dugo da živimo"
  36. ^ "АКТУЕЛНИ ДЕМОГРАФСКИ ПОКАЗАТЕЉИ (Current Demography)". Ministry of Demography and Population Policy of Serbia Official website. Archived from the original on 27 September 2019. Retrieved 15 September 2019.
  37. ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia" (PDF). Pod2.stat.gov.rs. Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 July 2013. Retrieved 29 September 2016.
  38. ^ "Education stats in Serbia". Webrzs.stat.gov.rs. Archived from the original on 29 March 2017. Retrieved 20 March 2013.
  39. ^ "Витални догађаји, 2016". Stat.gov.rs. Retrieved 29 August 2017.
  40. ^ "Процене становништва, 2016". Stat.gov.rs. Retrieved 29 August 2017.
  41. ^ "World Population Prospects - Population Division - United Nations". esa.un.org. Retrieved 26 August 2018.

Sources

Further reading