Dengfeng

登封市

Tengfeng
The Daoist Zhongyue Temple
Location in Zhengzhou
Dengfeng
Dengfeng
Location in Henan
Coordinates: 34°27′19″N 113°1′31″E / 34.45528°N 113.02528°E / 34.45528; 113.02528Coordinates: 34°27′19″N 113°1′31″E / 34.45528°N 113.02528°E / 34.45528; 113.02528
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceHenan
Prefecture-level cityZhengzhou
Area
 • Total1,220 km2 (470 sq mi)
Population
 (2019)[2]
 • Total717,400
 • Density590/km2 (1,500/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
452470
Websitewww.dengfeng.gov.cn
Official nameHistoric Monuments of Dengfeng in "The Center of Heaven and Earth"
Includes
  1. Taishi Que Gates, Zhongue Temple
  2. Shaoshi Que Gates
  3. Qimu Que Gates
  4. Songye Temple Pagoda
  5. Architectural Complex of Shaolin Temple
  6. Huishan Temple
  7. Songyang Academy of Classical Learning
  8. Observatory
CriteriaCultural: (iii)(vi)
Reference1305rev
Inscription2010 (34th session)
Area825 ha (2,040 acres)
Buffer zone3,438.1 ha (8,496 acres)

Dengfeng (Chinese: 登封; pinyin: Dēngfēng; postal: Tengfeng) is a county-level city of Henan Province, South Central China, it is under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Zhengzhou. In ancient times, it was known as Yangcheng (traditional Chinese: 陽城; simplified Chinese: 阳城; pinyin: Yángchéng).[citation needed]

Dengfeng has an area of 1,220 km2 (470 sq mi) and a population of 630,000.[3] It occupies the southwestern corner of Zhengzhou and is its westernmost county-level division.

Dengfeng is located at the foot of the Mount Song, one of the most sacred mountains in China. The city is one of the most renowned spiritual centers of China, and is home to various religious institutions and famous temples such as the Taoist Zhongyue Temple, the Buddhist Shaolin Temple (a renowned center for martial arts), as well as the Confucian Songyang Academy and the Gaocheng Observatory, hence its poetic expression derived from Chinese literature as the spiritual "center of heaven and earth".[4] Parts of the city were inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 2010.[4]

History

The first Xia Dynasty capital, Yangcheng, was built west of Gaocheng Township on the Yin River under the sacred Mount Song.

The famous Shaolin Monastery, traditionally considered the origin of Zen, is located in Dengfeng where they teach adults as well as children martial arts. It is also a famous tourist attraction.

Administrative divisions

As 2012, this city is divided to 3 subdistricts, 8 towns and 5 townships.[5]

Subdistricts
  • Songyang Subdistrict (嵩阳街道)
  • Shaolin Subdistrict (少林街道)
  • Zhongyue Subdistrict (中岳街道)
Towns
  • Dajindian (大金店镇)
  • Yingyang (颖阳镇)
  • Ludian (卢店镇)
  • Gaocheng (告成镇)
  • Yangchengqu (阳城区镇)
  • Daye (大冶镇)
  • Xuanhua (宣化镇)
  • Xuzhuang (徐庄镇)
Townships
  • Dongjindian Township (东金店乡)
  • Baiping Township (白坪乡)
  • Junzhao Township (君召乡)
  • Shidao Township (石道乡)
  • Tangzhuang Township (唐庄乡)

UNESCO World Heritage Site

Shaolin Temple
Shaolin Temple

In 2010, UNESCO inscribed several of the most renowned sites of Dengfeng onto its World Heritage List under the title "Historic Monuments of Dengfeng in 'The Center of Heaven and Earth'."[6] The World Heritage Site includes several historic gates, temples (including the renowned Shaolin Temple), a Confucian academy and the Gaocheng Observatory:[7]

Other notable sites in Dengfeng include the Fawang Temple, a Buddhist temple built in the Tang Dynasy.

Transportation

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ 最新人口信息 www.hongheiku.com (in Chinese). hongheiku. Retrieved 2021-01-12.
  2. ^ 最新人口信息 www.hongheiku.com (in Chinese). hongheiku. Retrieved 2021-01-12.
  3. ^ (in Chinese) Introduction to Dengfeng Archived 2007-10-22 at the Wayback Machine, official website of Dengfeng Government, visited on April 12, 2008.
  4. ^ a b c "Historic Monuments of Dengfeng in "The Center of Heaven and Earth"". UNESCO World Heritage Center.
  5. ^ 洛阳市-行政区划网 www.xzqh.org (in Chinese). XZQH. Retrieved 2012-05-24.
  6. ^ Historic Monuments of Dengfeng in "The Center of Heaven and Earth." UNESCO World Heritage Center
  7. ^ Historic Monuments of Dengfeng in "The Center of Heaven and Earth." UNESCO World Heritage Center
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h Historic Monuments of Dengfeng (China)L ICOMOS Evaluation (Report). International Council on Monuments and Sites. Retrieved 17 Apr 2021.