Oxford CS.png
Wolfson Building, Department of Computer Science, University of Oxford
Wolfson Building
Department of Computer Science
Former name
Oxford University Computing Laboratory
Established1957 (1957)
Research typeDepartment
Head of Department
Leslie Ann Goldberg
Students871
LocationOxford, United Kingdom
51°45′35″N 1°15′30″W / 51.7597°N 1.2584°W / 51.7597; -1.2584Coordinates: 51°45′35″N 1°15′30″W / 51.7597°N 1.2584°W / 51.7597; -1.2584
Operating agency
University of Oxford
Websitewww.cs.ox.ac.uk
Map
Department of Computer Science, University of Oxford is located in Oxford city centre
Department of Computer Science, University of Oxford
Location in Oxford city centre

The Department of Computer Science is the computer science department of the University of Oxford, England, which is part of the university's Mathematical, Physical and Life Sciences Division. It was founded in 1957 as the Computing Laboratory. By 2014 the staff count was 52 members of academic staff and over 80 research staff. The 2019, 2020 and 2021 Times World University Subject Rankings places Oxford University 1st in the world for Computer Science.[1] Oxford University is also the top university for computer science in the UK and Europe according to Business Insider.[2] The 2020 QS University Subject Rankings places The University of Oxford 5th in the world (with the University of Cambridge placing 6th) for Computer Science.[3]

Teaching

From its foundation the department taught undergraduates reading for mathematics and engineering degrees, but in 1985 the department's first undergraduate course was established, in 'Mathematics and Computation', followed in 1994 by the 'Computation' course.[4] Initially these two courses had a common first year.[5] 'Computer Science' replaced 'Computation' in the title of both courses for students starting their studies in 2000.[6] Between 1987 and 2006 students started studies on a four-year (undergraduate) MEng in Engineering and Computing Science (now discontinued).[4][7][8][9][10] In October 2012 the first students of the 'Computer Science and Philosophy' started. Today[quantify] students on all three undergraduate courses - 'Computer Science', 'Maths & Computer Science' and 'Computer Science & Philosophy' - have the choice between a 3-year BA or a 4-year 'undergraduate masters'.[11] Sixty students began one of the three undergraduate courses in October 2013.[12]

There are two full-time taught postgraduate courses: the MSc in Computer Science (approx 50 students total) and the MSc in Mathematics and the Foundations of Computer Science (MFoCS) (approx 15 students total).[citation needed]

The department also offers the part-time Software Engineering Programme, a modular course for industry professionals, leading to either the MSc in Software Engineering (approx 240 students at present) or the M.Sc. in Software and Systems Security (approx 45 students at present).[13]

Research

The department is home to around 145 academic and research staff.[13] The department's doctoral programme has over 140 research students (studying for a D.Phil. – the Oxford term for a PhD) working across a wide range of subjects in computer science and software engineering.[citation needed]

After fifty years within the department, the Numerical Analysis group moved in 2009 to be part of the university's Mathematical Institute.[14][15] Today[quantify] the department's research is classified into ten broad themes:[16]

Notable faculty

As of 2015 the department employs 36 Professors.[17]

History

Starting in 1952, mathematician Charles Coulson[18] sought funding for Oxford to own its own computer.[4] At this time university members had to hire computer time from elsewhere.[4] In 1956 the University Grants Committee decided to fund the purchase of a Ferranti Mercury and the Oxford University Computing Laboratory was born[4] (shortened as OUCL or Comlab). As well as facilitating research elsewhere in the university, the new department had its own academic function, performing research in numerical analysis, and lecturing for mathematics and engineering students.[19] The first director, Leslie Fox,[20][21] was appointed in 1957 and the following year the department moved into its first home, 9 South Parks Road.[19] In 1963 the department moved to 19 Parks Road.[22] The Computing Services (From 2012 part of IT Services) was administratively split from the academic department in 1969,[23] although complete independence was only gained in 1978.[24]

Complementing the Numerical Analysis Group (NAG), the Programming Research Group (PRG) was set up in 1966 at 45 Banbury Road under the leadership of Christopher Strachey[25] with the aim "to bring some coherence into the present ad hoc nature of programming and software".[26] After Strachey's untimely death in 1975, Tony Hoare took over leadership of the PRG in 1977 until his retirement in 1999 and introduced a computer science undergraduate degree programme at Oxford. The NAG and PRG groups operated mostly separately until 1984, when both of the laboratory's research groups moved into 8–11 Keble Road, opposite Keble College.[14] However the laboratory soon outgrew this space, and occupied space in 2 South Parks Road,[27] until in 1993 the Wolfson Building opened behind the Victorian 8–11 Keble Road houses.[14] The neighbouring houses at 5–7 Keble Road and a new "e-Science building" behind these provided additional space upon opening in 2007.[28] However this space is not sufficient, and the department has additional space within the Thom Building and the Robert Hooke building. As of 2014, the department is hoping to obtain funding for a new building large enough to bring together all its activities.[29]

From 2003 to 2014, the department was led by Bill Roscoe, who oversaw the 2011 renaming from the Oxford University Computing Laboratory to the Department of Computer Science, University of Oxford.[14] The current head is Leslie Ann Goldberg.[14]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Times World University Rankings by Subject 2020". The Times Higher Education. 4 October 2019. Retrieved 1 July 2020.
  2. ^ "University of Oxford". Peridotportal.co.uk. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 29 January 2018.
  3. ^ "QS World University Rankings by Subject 2020". The Top Universities. 2020. Retrieved 1 July 2020.
  4. ^ a b c d e "Oxford University Archives | Home" (PDF). Oua.ox.ac.uk. Retrieved 29 January 2018.
  5. ^ "BA in Maths and Computation". Archived from the original on 23 April 1999. Retrieved 29 January 2018.((cite web)): CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  6. ^ "Oxf. Univ. Gazette, 13 May 1999: Examinations and Boards". Ox.ac.uk. Archived from the original on 27 February 2018. Retrieved 29 January 2018.
  7. ^ "MEng in Engineering and Computing Science". Archived from the original on 18 June 2008. Retrieved 29 January 2018.((cite web)): CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  8. ^ "Admissions 06" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 February 2018. Retrieved 29 January 2018.
  9. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 January 2014. Retrieved 22 April 2014.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  10. ^ "Department of Computer Science, University of Oxford". www.cs.ox.ac.uk. Retrieved 9 June 2021.
  11. ^ "Department of Computer Science, University of Oxford". Cs.ox.ac.uk. Retrieved 29 January 2018.
  12. ^ "Courses - University of Oxford". Archived from the original on 21 February 2014. Retrieved 22 April 2014.
  13. ^ a b "Frequently asked questions". Department of Computer Science, University of Oxford, UK. Archived from the original on 10 January 2010. Retrieved 4 July 2011.
  14. ^ a b c d e "About the Department of Computer Science". Department of Computer Science, University of Oxford, UK. Retrieved 22 April 2014.
  15. ^ "Numerical Analysis | Mathematical Institute". Maths.ox.ac.uk. Retrieved 29 January 2018.
  16. ^ "Research Themes". Department of Computer Science, University of Oxford, UK. Retrieved 15 June 2011.
  17. ^ "People in the Department of Computer Science". University of Oxford. Archived from the original on 9 August 2014.
  18. ^ Altmann, S. L.; Bowen, E. J. (1974). "Charles Alfred Coulson. 1910-1974". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. 20: 74. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1974.0004.
  19. ^ a b "Reports & publications | IT Services". Oucs.ox.ac.uk. Retrieved 29 January 2018.
  20. ^ O'Connor, John J.; Robertson, Edmund F., "Department of Computer Science, University of Oxford", MacTutor History of Mathematics archive, University of St Andrews
  21. ^ Department of Computer Science, University of Oxford at the Mathematics Genealogy Project
  22. ^ "[IT Services] History of OUCS Buildings". Archived from the original on 31 August 2013. Retrieved 22 April 2014.
  23. ^ "Reports & publications | IT Services". Oucs.ox.ac.uk. Retrieved 29 January 2018.
  24. ^ "Reports & publications | IT Services". Oucs.ox.ac.uk. Retrieved 29 January 2018.
  25. ^ Campbell-Kelly, Martin (1985). "Christopher Strachey, 1916–1975: A Biographical Note". IEEE Annals of the History of Computing. 7 (1): 19–42. doi:10.1109/MAHC.1985.10001. ISSN 1058-6180. S2CID 17188378.
  26. ^ "Reports & publications | IT Services". Oucs.ox.ac.uk. Retrieved 29 January 2018.
  27. ^ "Oxford Computing Lab: History and Structure". Archived from the original on 20 February 1999. Retrieved 29 January 2018.((cite web)): CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  28. ^ "rae 2008 : submissions : ra5a". Rae.ac.uk. Retrieved 29 January 2018.
  29. ^ "University of Oxford". Peridotportal.co.uk. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 29 January 2018.