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Dhaka Metro
Overview
Native nameBengali: ঢাকা মেট্রো
LocaleDhaka, Dhaka Division, Bangladesh
Transit typeMass Rapid Transit, Light Rapid Transit
Number of lines
  • 1 (under construction)
  • 5 (planned)A
Line number
Number of stations
  • 16 (under construction)
  • 104 (planned/proposed)[1]
Key peopleMr. Md. Nazrul Islam (Chairman)
Mr. M. A. N. Siddique
(Managing Director)[2]
HeadquartersProbashi Kallyan Bhaban, Old Elephant Rd, Dhaka, Bangladesh[3]
Websitewww.dmtcl.gov.bd
Operation
Operation will startOctober 2022[4][5]
Operator(s)Dhaka Mass Transit Company Ltd.
Train length6 coaches[6]
Technical
System length
  • 20.1 km (12.5 mi)(under construction)[7]
  • 128.74 km (80.00 mi)(planned)[8]
Track gaugeStandard gauge
Electrification1500V DC via Overhead
Average speed30 km/h (19 mph)[9]
Top speed100 km/h (62 mph)[9]

Dhaka Metro Rail (Bengali: ঢাকা মেট্রো রেল), colloquially known as the Dhaka Metro (Bengali: ঢাকা মেট্রো) is an approved mass rapid transit system under construction in Dhaka, the capital and the busiest city of Bangladesh. Together with a separate Light rapid transit (LRT) system, it has been long called for to ease the extreme traffic jams and congestion that occur throughout the entire city daily, one of the heaviest in the world. It is a part of the 20-year long Strategic Transport Plan (STP) outlined by the Dhaka Transport Coordination Authority (DTCA), a governmental agency.[10]

As of 2021, the metro rail system consists of one line referred to as the MRT (Mass Rapid Transit) Line-6, with other metro rail lines going to be added in the future.

Overview

Line-6 consists of 16 elevated stations each of 180m long and 20.1 km (12.5 mi) of electricity-powered light rail tracks. All of Line-6, save for the depot, and some of its accompanying LRT, will be elevated above current roads primarily above road medians to allow traffic flow underneath, with stations also elevated.

Dhaka Metro is projected to serve more than 60,000 passengers per hour by 2022, with wait times of approximately 4 minutes.[11] The entire route will be able to be travelled in less than 40 minutes at a speed of 100 km/h (62 mph), expected to drastically reduce the number of private cars on Dhaka's streets as well as their potentially 7-hour-long standstills.[12][13] The system plans to use magnetic contactless Integrated Circuit Ticketing commonly also known as smart cards.[10] Platform screen door (PSD) barriers used at the platform level will increase safety and increase efficiency.[10]

When the service is in full operation, trains of six air-conditioned spacious cars will arrive every four minutes going each way at each of the 16 stations.[13]

The project is being managed by the Communications Ministry's Dhaka Transport Co-ordination Authority, and a consortium of foreign as well as Bangladeshi firms known as NKDM Association is acting as General Consultant (GC). NKDM Association consists of: Nippon Koei Japan and Development Design Consultants (local consultant - Bangladesh).

Conception and origin

In a view to implement Dhaka City's 20-year long Strategic Transport (STP), Bangladesh Government invited Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) to conduct a primary survey and feasibility study on the transport system of Dhaka back in 2009–2010. In 2012 the Government's Executive Committee of National Economic Council (ECNEC) approved the project. A loan agreement between Bangladesh Government and JICA was signed in January 2013. The same year, Dhaka Mass Transit Company Ltd. (DMTC), the implementing agency of MRT Line-6 project was formed. The General Consultant (GC) namely the NKDM Association commenced work from February 2014. In June 2013, Dhaka Mass Transit Company Limited (DMTC) was established by the Government to implement the Metro Rail Lines across the city.[14]

Network

Under construction/planned

Line Planned completion Last extensions Stations Length (km) Terminals Interchange Stations Depot
MRT 1 (Airport Route) 2026 Shahjalal International Airport Shahjalal International Airport Teminal 3, Khilkhet, Jamuna Future Park, Notun Bazar, Uttar Badda, Badda, Hatirjheel East, Rampura, Malibagh, Rajarbagh and Kamalapur Railway Station 31.241B Shahjalal International Airport Kamalapur Railway Station Kamalapur Railway Station (MRT Line 1, 2, 4, 6), Notun Bazar (MRT Line 1, 5 North) Rupganj
MRT 1 (Purbachal Route) Notun Bazar, Jamuna Future Park, Bashundhara, Police Officer's Housing Society, Pink City, Purbachal West, Purbachal Centre, Purbachal East, Purbachal Terminal Notun Bazar Purbachal Terminal
MRT 2 2030 Gabtoli, Embankment Road, Basila, Mohammadpur, Lalmatia, Dhanmondi-27, Sat Masjid Road, Zigatola, Dhanmondi-2, Science Laboratory, Elephant Road, New Market, Nilkhet, BUET, Azimpur, Dhaka Medical College, Wari, Motijheel, Arambagh, Kamalapur Railway Station, Mugda, Manda, Demra, Chittagong Road 24[15] Gabtoli Chittagong Road Gabotoli (MRT Line-5 North and South), Kamalapur Railway Station (MRT Line 1, 2, 4, 6) Hemayetpur
MRT 4 2025 Kamalapur Railway Station, Narayonganj 16[15] Kamalapur Railway Station Narayonganj Kamalapur Railway Station (MRT Line 1, 2, 4, 6)
MRT 5 (Northern Route) 2028 Hemayetpur, Baliarpur, Bilamalia, Amin Bazar, Gabtoli, Dar-us-salam, Mirpur 1, Mirpur 10, Mirpur 14, Kachukhet, Banani, Gulshan-2, Notun Bazar and Bhatara 20 Hemayetpur Bhatara Gabtoli (MRT Line-5 North and South), Notun Bazar (MRT Line 1, 5) Hemayetpur
MRT 5 (Southern Route) 2027 Gabtoli, Technical Circle, Kallyanpur, Shyamoli, College Gate, Asad Gate, Russell Square, West Panthapath, Karwan Bazar, Hatirjheel, Tejgaon, Niketon, Aftabnagar West, Aftabnagar Center, Aftabnagar East, Dasherkandi 17.4 Gabtoli Dasherkandi Gabtoli (MRT Line-5 North and South) Dasherkandi
MRT 6 2022 Uttara North, Uttara Center, Uttara South, Pallabi, Mirpur-11, Mirpur-10, Kazipara, Shewrapara, Agargaon, Bijoy Sarawni, Farmgate, Kawran Bazar, Shahbag, Dhaka University, Bangladesh Secretariat, Motijheel[16] 20.1[7] Uttara Terminal Kamalapur Railway Station Kamalapur Railway Station (MRT Line 1, 2, 4, 6) Uttara Terminal
Total 128.74A

Lines

MRT Line-1 (Airport Route)

Construction of MRT Line-1 (Airport Route) is set to begin in March 2022, costing US$6.1 billion.[17] The line will be underground. Length of this line will be 19.872 km (12.348 mi). Line will have 12 underground stations. Stations will be constructed at Shahjalal International Airport, Shahjalal International Airport Teminal 3, Khilkhet, Jamuna Future Park, Notun Bazar, Uttar Badda, Badda, Hatirjheel East, Rampura, Malibagh, Rajarbagh and Kamalapur Railway Station. MRT Line-1 will have interchange of MRT Line-6, MRT Line-2 and MRT Line-4 at Kamalapur Railway Station. There will be interchange of MRT Line-5: Northern Route and Purbachal route of MRT Line-1 in the Nutun Bazar. Hatirjheel East of MRT Line-1 and Aftab Nagar West Station of MRT Line-5: Southern Route will have Interchange. Above all, the airport will have an interchange of MRT Line-1 with BRT Line-3.[18] The government will provide US$1.5 billion while the Japan International Cooperation Agency (Jica) will fund US$4.6 billion.[17]

MRT Line-1 (Purbachal Route)

MRT Line-1 (Purbachal Route) will have stations at Notun Bazar, Jamuna Future Park, Bashundhara, Police Officers’ Housing Society, Mastul, Purbachal West, Purbachal Centre, Purbachal Sector-7 and Purbachal depot. Of these stations, Notun Bazar and Jamuna Future Park would be underground as a part of the airport route.[19]Length of this line will be 11.369 km (7.064 mi).

MRT Line-2

MRT Line-4

MRT Line-4 will connect Kamalapur Railway Station with Narayanganj with underground lines.[19]Length of this line will be 16 km (9.9 mi).

MRT Line-5 (Northern Route)

MRT Line-5 (Northern Route) will start from Hemayetpur of Savar Upazila and end at Bhatara.[19]Length of this line will be 20 km (12 mi). Northern route will be 13.5 km (8.4 mi) underground and 6.5 km (4.0 mi) elevated. It will have 14 stations of them 9 stations will be underground. Those underground stations will be constructed at Gabtoli, Dar-us-salam, Mirpur 1, Mirpur 10, Mirpur 14, Kachukhet, Banani, Gulshan-2 and Notun Bazar. 5 stations will be elevated. 5 elevated stations will be constructed at Hemayetpur, Baliarpur, Bilamalia, Amin Bazar and Bhatara. MRT Line-5 (Northern Route) will have depot at Hemayetpur of Savar Upazila.[20] According to the project documents, construction cost will be US$4.85 billion.[19]

MRT Line-5 (Southern Route)

The 17.4- km Line-5 (Southern Route), which is expected to commence within 2027, stretches from Gabtoli to Dasherkandi.

Stations for this route are: Gabtoli, Technical Circle, Kallyanpur, Shyamoli, College Gate, Asad Gate, Russell Square, West Panthapath, Karwan Bazar, Hatirjheel, Tejgaon, Niketon, Aftabnagar West, Aftabnagar Center, Aftabnagar East, Dasherkandi with the depot in Dasherkandi.

MRT Line-6

Line-6 consists of 16 elevated stations each of 180m long and 20.1 km (12.5 mi) of electricity-powered light rail tracks. All of Line-6, save for the depot, and some of its accompanying LRT, will be elevated above current roads primarily above road medians to allow traffic flow underneath, with stations also elevated.

The deal for construction of the MRT Line-6, costing US$2.8 billion, was signed by the Government of Bangladesh with the Japan International Cooperation Agency on 20 February 2013.[21] Construction began on 26 June 2016 with an inauguration ceremony presided over by the reigning prime minister Sheikh Hasina.[22]The first route, originally projected to start from Uttara, a northern suburb of Dhaka, to Sayedabad, in the south of the capital,[23] was eventually extended north to Uttara and truncated south to Motijheel.[24] Initiatives have been taken to extend the line from Motijheel to Kamalapur. Topographic Survey has already been completed. Social Survey in progress. The length of this part is 1.17 km. This will enable the passengers of Kamalapur railway station to travel by metro rail.[6]The civil work is being done by the Italian-Thai Development Public Company Ltd. and Sinohydro Corporation Ltd. JV and a Tokyo-based construction company is developing the depot's land.[25] [26]

Gallery

See also

Notes

1. The network is planned to contain six lines (Counting MRT Line-1 as one line) with a total mileage of 128.74 kilometres (80.00 mi). MRT Line-6 is already under construction. Other lines are being planned.[27]
2.Airport route will have 12 underground station and Purbachal route will have 9 elevated station. Airport route will be 19.872 km (12.348 mi) and Purbachal route will be 11.369 km (7.064 mi).[18]

References

  1. ^ "Stations quantity". dmtcl.gov.bd. Archived from the original on 1 December 2021. Retrieved 1 December 2021.
  2. ^ "Chairman, Managing director of company". dmtcl.gov.bd. Archived from the original on 1 December 2021. Retrieved 1 December 2021.
  3. ^ "headquarter". dmtcl.gov.bd. Archived from the original on 1 December 2021. Retrieved 1 December 2021.
  4. ^ Rahman, Muhammad Mostafigur (11 May 2021). "The Dhaka Metrorail coaches inside out". bdnews24.com. Archived from the original on 12 May 2021. Retrieved 12 May 2021.
  5. ^ Adhikary, Tuhin Shubhra (27 August 2021). "Dhaka Metro Rail: Rolling out in the open on Sunday". The Daily Star. Archived from the original on 27 August 2021. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
  6. ^ a b "(FAQs) of MRT Line 6". www.dmtcl.gov.bd (in Bengali). Archived from the original on 19 July 2021. Retrieved 19 July 2021.
  7. ^ a b "Metro trial run likely in July". The Daily Star. 5 February 2021. Archived from the original on 10 February 2021. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
  8. ^ "Uttara-Agargaon Metro Rail: Launch now aimed at Dec 2022". The Daily Star. 6 June 2021. Archived from the original on 17 July 2021. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
  9. ^ a b "ঢাকা পরিবহন সমন্বয় কর্তৃপক্ষ". www.dtca.gov.bd. Archived from the original on 6 October 2021. Retrieved 6 October 2021.
  10. ^ a b c "About MRT Line-6". DHAKA MASS TRANSIT COMPANY LTD. DHAKA MASS TRANSIT COMPANY LTD. Archived from the original on 2 February 2017. Retrieved 28 January 2017.
  11. ^ Ahmed, Shamim. "Dhaka Metrorail to carry 60,000 people per hour". bdnews24.com. Archived from the original on 18 February 2019. Retrieved 17 February 2019.
  12. ^ "Traffic chaos reigns in Bangladesh". The Star. Archived from the original on 15 June 2021. Retrieved 17 February 2019.
  13. ^ a b "Metro rail construction in progress". Daily Sun. Archived from the original on 2 February 2017. Retrieved 28 January 2017.
  14. ^ "About DMTC Line 6- The Official Website for the Dhaka MRT Project". DHAKA MASS TRANSIT COMPANY LTD. DHAKA MASS TRANSIT COMPANY LTD. Archived from the original on 2 February 2017. Retrieved 28 January 2017.
  15. ^ a b "Progress of MRT Line 4 and Info of other MRT lines". www.dmtcl.gov.bd. Archived from the original on 28 June 2021. Retrieved 18 July 2021.
  16. ^ "MRT Line-6 Stations". Dhaka Mass Transit Company Limited (DMTCL). DMTCL. Archived from the original on 27 June 2021. Retrieved 18 July 2021.
  17. ^ a b "Construction of Bangladesh's first underground metro line to begin March 2022". Dhaka Tribune. 17 June 2021. Archived from the original on 21 September 2021. Retrieved 22 September 2021.
  18. ^ a b "DHAKA MASS TRANSIT COMPANY LIMITED (DMTCL)". dmtcl.gov.bd. Archived from the original on 27 June 2021. Retrieved 8 October 2021.
  19. ^ a b c d Byron, Rejaul Karim; Adhikary, Tuhin Shubhra (15 October 2019). "Dhaka Metro Rail: Two more lines to cost Tk 93,800cr". The Daily Star. Archived from the original on 24 January 2020. Retrieved 8 October 2021.
  20. ^ "DHAKA MASS TRANSIT COMPANY LIMITED (DMTCL)". dmtcl.gov.bd. Archived from the original on 28 June 2021. Retrieved 8 October 2021.
  21. ^ "Bangladesh, Japan strike deal for $2.8-bln Dhaka metro rail". GlobalPost. 20 February 2013. Archived from the original on 21 May 2013. Retrieved 21 May 2013.
  22. ^ "PM opens work on metro, BRT". The Daily Star. 27 June 2016. Archived from the original on 7 August 2016. Retrieved 25 July 2016.
  23. ^ "Muhith to sit with armed forces to resolve metro rail site dispute". The Financial Express. 25 June 2011. Archived from the original on 29 June 2011. Retrieved 25 June 2011.
  24. ^ "In 37 minutes". 26 June 2016. Archived from the original on 16 July 2016. Retrieved 25 July 2016.
  25. ^ "Just 12% progress made in metro rail project in 4 years". Dhaka Tribune. 12 October 2017. Archived from the original on 27 February 2018. Retrieved 26 February 2018.
  26. ^ "Building Bangladesh's first Mass Rapid Transit System". Archived from the original on 2 August 2021. Retrieved 3 August 2021.
  27. ^ "Uttara-Agargaon Metro Rail: Launch now aimed at Dec 2022". The Daily Star. 6 June 2021. Archived from the original on 17 July 2021. Retrieved 29 August 2021.