Dick Francis

Dick Francis (right)
Dick Francis (right)
Born(1920-10-31)31 October 1920
Lawrenny, Pembrokeshire, Wales
Died14 February 2010(2010-02-14) (aged 89)
Grand Cayman, Cayman Islands
CitizenshipUnited Kingdom
GenreCrime fiction
Notable awardsEdgar Award
Gold Dagger
(m. 1947; died 2000)
Children2, including Felix

Richard Stanley Francis CBE FRSL (31 October 1920 – 14 February 2010) was a British[1] steeplechase jockey and crime writer whose novels centre on horse racing in England.

After wartime service in the RAF, Francis became a full-time jump-jockey, winning over 350 races and becoming champion jockey of the British National Hunt. He came to further prominence in 1956 as jockey to Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother, riding her horse Devon Loch which fell when close to winning the Grand National. Francis retired from the turf and became a journalist and novelist.

Many of his novels deal with crime in the horse-racing world, with some of the criminals being outwardly respectable figures. The stories are narrated by the main character, often a jockey, but sometimes a trainer, an owner, a bookie, or someone in a different profession, peripherally linked to racing. This person always faces great obstacles, often including physical injury. More than forty of these novels became international best-sellers.

Personal life

Francis was born in Coedcanlas, Pembrokeshire, Wales.[2] Some sources report his birthplace as the inland town of Lawrenny, but at least two of his obituaries stated his birthplace as the coastal town of Tenby.[3][4] His autobiography says that he was born at his maternal grandparents' farm at Coedcanlas on the estuary of the River Cleddau,[5] roughly a mile north-west of Lawrenny. His mother had likely returned to her parents' home to give birth, as was the custom. He was the son of a jockey and stable manager[6] and his wife. Francis grew up in Maidenhead in Berkshire, England.[7] He left school at 15 without any qualifications,[8] intending to become a jockey; by the time he was 18, in 1938, he also was training horses.[9]

In October 1945, he met Mary Margaret Brenchley (17 June 1924 – 30 September 2000)[8] at a cousin's wedding. In most interviews, they commented that it was love at first sight. (Francis has some of his characters fall similarly in love within moments of meeting, as in the novels Flying Finish, Knockdown, and The Edge.) Their families were not entirely happy with their engagement, but the couple married in June 1947 in London. She had graduated with a degree in English and French from London University at the age of 19, was an assistant stage manager, and later worked as a publisher's reader. She also became a pilot, and her experience of flying contributed to many novels, including Flying Finish, Rat Race, and Second Wind. She contracted polio while pregnant with their first child. (Francis drew from this in his novel Forfeit, which he named as one of his favourites.) They had two sons, Merrick (born 1950)[10] and Felix[8] (born 1953).[11]

For nearly 30 years, Francis lived in Blewbury in Berkshire (now in Oxfordshire). In the 1980s, he and his wife moved to Florida in the United States. In 1992, they moved to the Cayman Islands, where Mary died of a heart attack in 2000. In 2006, Francis had a heart bypass operation;[citation needed] in 2007 his right foot was amputated.[12] He died of natural causes on 14 February 2010 at his Caribbean home in Grand Cayman,[13] survived by both sons.[14][15][16][17]

Second World War

During the Second World War, Francis volunteered, hoping to join the cavalry. Instead, he served in the Royal Air Force, initially as a member of ground crew and later piloting fighter and bomber aircraft, including the Spitfire and Hurricane fighters,[8] and the Wellington and Lancaster bombers.[18] He received an emergency commission as a pilot officer on 29 July 1944,[19] and was promoted war-substantive flying officer on 29 January 1945.[20] Much of his six-year service career was spent in Africa.[2]

Horse racing career

After leaving the RAF in 1946, Francis became a highly successful jockey, reaching celebrity status in the world of British National Hunt racing.[6] He won over 350 races, becoming champion jockey in the 1953–54 season.[6]

Shortly after becoming a professional, he was offered the prestige job of first jockey to Vivian Smith, Lord Bicester.[21][22]

From 1953 to 1957, Francis was jockey to Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother.[23] His best remembered moment as a jockey came while riding the Queen Mother's horse, Devon Loch, in the 1956 Grand National, when the horse inexplicably fell when close to winning the race.[24][25] Decades later, Francis considered losing that race his greatest regret and called it "a disaster of massive proportions".[2]

Francis suffered racing injuries, being first hospitalized from riding at the age of 12 when a pony fell on him and broke his jaw and nose.[21] He drew from this career resulting in broken bones and damaged organs for his novels, in which his characters suffer the same. In 1957, after Francis suffered another serious fall, the Queen Mother's adviser, Lord Abergavenny, advised him that she wanted him to retire from racing for her.

Contributions to racing

In 1983, the Grand National at Aintree Racecourse in England "stood at the brink of extinction," according to The Philadelphia Inquirer. News reporter Don Clippinger wrote, "Britain's Jockey Club negotiated a $14 million deal to buy the land and save the race forever. The only problem was that the Jockey Club did not have $14 million, so two prominent racing personalities—Lord Derby and novelist Dick Francis—were selected to raise the money in a worldwide campaign".[26] Other philanthropists, including Charles C. Fenwick Jr., who rode Ben Nevis to victory in the 1980 Grand National, and Paul Mellon, an American breeder and racing enthusiast, also contributed to saving the race.

Writing career

Francis wrote more than 40 international best-sellers. His first book was his autobiography The Sport of Queens (1957); he was offered the aid of a ghostwriter but rejected the idea.[27] The book's success led to his becoming the racing correspondent for London's Sunday Express newspaper, and he continued in that job for 16 years.

He set his first thriller, Dead Cert, published in 1962, in the world of horse racing, establishing a specialized niche for his work. Subsequently, he regularly produced a novel a year for the next 38 years, missing only 1998 (during which he published a short-story collection). Although all his books were set against a similar background, his male protagonists held a variety of jobs, including artist (In the Frame and To the Hilt), investigator for the Jockey Club (Slay-Ride and The Edge), pilot (Rat Race and Flying Finish), and wine merchant (Proof). All the novels are narrated by the hero, who in the course of the story learns that he is more resourceful, brave, tricky, than he had thought, and usually finds a certain salvation for himself as well as bestowing it on others. Details of other people's occupations fascinated Francis, and he explores the workings of such fields as photography, accountancy, the gemstone trade, and restaurant service on transcontinental trains—but always in the interest of the plot. Dysfunctional families were a subject which he also exploited (Reflex, a baleful grandmother; Hot Money, a multi-millionaire father and serial ex-husband; Decider, the related co-owners of a racecourse).

Francis rarely re-used his lead characters. Only two heroes were used more than once; injured ex-jockey turned one-handed private investigator Sid Halley (Odds Against, Whip Hand, Come to Grief, Under Orders, also in Refusal by Felix Francis after his father's death) and Kit Fielding (Break In and Bolt).

According to a columnist for the Houston Chronicle, Francis "writes believable fairy tales for adults—ones in which the actors are better than we are but are believable enough to make us wonder if indeed we could not one day manage to emulate them."[28]

Writing routine

Francis described a typical year of research and writing to an interviewer in 1989:

In January, he sits down to write, staring down the barrel of a deadline. "My publisher comes over in mid-May to collect the manuscript," he says, "and it's got to be done."
The book's publication takes place in England in September. American publication in past years has been in February, although his next book, Straight, is set to be published in November. Once the manuscript is out of his hands, he takes the summer off, while percolating the plot of his next book. Research on the next book begins in late summer and continues through the autumn, while he's gearing up for his promotional tour for the just-published book. Come January, he sits down to write again.
He doesn't like book tours. He is not one for revelations, major life changes, and intimacies with strange interviewers, and he says he gets tired of answering the same questions again and again.
He shuns the lecture circuit. He'd prefer to let his novels and his sales volume speak for themselves... And though he doesn't love the act of writing [and] could easily retire, he finds himself planning his new book as each summer ends.
He says, "Each one, you think to yourself, 'This is the last one,' but then, by September, you're starting again. If you've got money, and you're just having fun, people think you're a useless character."
Or, as independently wealthy Tor Kelsey says in The Edge, explaining why he works for a minuscule salary: "I work... because I like it, I'm not all that bad at what I do, really, and it's useful, and I'm not terribly good at twiddling my thumbs."[29]


Francis collaborated extensively in his fiction with his wife, Mary, until her death. Learning this was a surprise to some readers and reviewers.[30][31] He credited her with being a great researcher for the novels. In 1981, Don Clippinger interviewed the Francises for The Philadelphia Inquirer and wrote,

"When Dick Francis sits down each January to begin writing another of his popular mystery-adventure novels, it is almost a certain bet that his wife, Mary, has developed a new avocation... For instance, in Rat Race, [the protagonist] operated an air-taxi service that specialized in carrying jockeys, trainers and owners to distant race courses. Before that book came out in 1970, Mrs. Francis obtained a pilot's license and was operating an air-taxi service of her own. Francis' newest novel, Reflex, is built around photography, and sure enough, Mary Francis has become accomplished behind the camera and in the darkroom... And, in their condominium, they have set up the subject of his 20th novel [Twice Shy] – a computer. While he is touring the country, she is working on new computer programs."[32]

According to journalist Mary Amoroso, "Mary does much of the research: She went so far as to learn to fly a plane for Flying Finish. She also edits his manuscripts and serves as a sounding board for plot line and character development. Says Francis, 'At least the research keeps her from going out shopping.'"[29] Francis told interviewers Jean Swanson and Dean James,

Mary and I worked as a team. ... I have often said that I would have been happy to have both our names on the cover. Mary's family always called me Richard due to having another Dick in the family. I am Richard, Mary was Mary, and Dick Francis was the two of us together.[2]

Francis' older son, Merrick, was a racehorse trainer and later ran his own horse transport business, which inspired the novel Driving Force.

Francis's manager (and co-author of his later books) was his son Felix, who left his post as teacher of A-Level Physics at Bloxham School in Oxfordshire in order to work for his father. Felix was the inspiration behind a leading character, a marksman and physics teacher, in the novel Twice Shy. Father and son collaborated on four novels. Since his father's death, Felix has carried on to publish novels with his father's name in the title, including a return for Sid Halley (Dick Francis's Refusal, 2013).


Francis is the only three-time recipient of the Mystery Writers of America's Edgar Award for Best Novel, winning for Forfeit in 1970, Whip Hand in 1981, and Come To Grief in 1996. Britain's Crime Writers Association awarded him its Gold Dagger Award for fiction in 1979 and the Cartier Diamond Dagger Lifetime Achievement Award in 1989. He was granted another Lifetime Achievement Award. Tufts University awarded him an honorary doctorate in 1991.

In 1996 he was given the Mystery Writers of America Grand Master Award, the highest honour bestowed by the MWA. In 2000, he was granted the Malice Domestic Award for Lifetime Achievement. He was created an Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) in 1983 and promoted to Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) in 2000.[33] He was inducted into the prestigious Detection Club in 1966.

Amoroso wrote in 1989, "And yet he has a keen sense of the evanescence of literary endeavors. 'Whole months of work can be gone in four hours,' he says ruefully. 'People say they can't put my books down, and so they read them in one sitting of four hours.' Francis has been long accustomed to celebrity as a British sports star, but today he is a worldwide phenomenon, having been published in 22 languages. In Australia, he is recognized in restaurants, from his book-jacket picture. He and Mary will see people reading the novels on planes and trains."[29]

Francis was elected in 1999 a Fellow of the Royal Society of Literature.[34]


Film and television

His first novel, Dead Cert, was adapted as a film under the same title in 1974. Directed by Tony Richardson, it starred Scott Antony, Judi Dench and Michael Williams.[35] It was adapted again as Favorit (a Soviet made-for-television movie) in 1976.[36]

Francis's protagonist Sid Halley was featured in six TV movies made for the program The Dick Francis Thriller: The Racing Game (1979–1980), starring Mike Gwilym as Halley and Mick Ford as his partner, Chico Barnes. The first of the episodes, Odds Against, used a Francis title; the others were created for the program.

Three TV films of 1989 were adaptations of Bloodsport, In the Frame, and Twice Shy, all starring Ian McShane as protagonist David Cleveland, a character used only once by Francis, in the novel Slay-Ride.

In April 2022, Kudos were announced to have optioned the TV rights for the works of Dick and Felix Francis. The series is tentatively titled The Turf, and will draw plots and characters from across the entirety of Francis' works.[37]

BBC Radio

Video Game

High Stakes was adapted into a text adventure game by Mindscape for MS-DOS and Apple II.


Title Year ISBN of first edition Narrator/Main character Notes
The Sport of Queens 1957 autobiography
Dead Cert 1962 Alan York, amateur jockey Basis of the movie Dead Cert (1974)
Nerve 1964 Rob Finn, jockey Basis of the audio drama Breaking Point, starring Michael Kitchen
For Kicks 1965 Daniel Roke, Australian horse breeder temporarily turned UK investigator
Odds Against 1965 ISBN 0-330-10597-3 Sid Halley, private investigator Edgar Award nominee
First Sid Halley novel
Flying Finish 1966 Henry Grey, groom/heir to earldom, pilot Edgar Award nominee
Blood Sport 1967 Gene Hawkins, government security agent Edgar Award nominee
Forfeit 1968 ISBN 0-425-20191-0 James Tyrone, reporter Edgar Award winner
Enquiry 1969 Kelly Hughes, jockey
Rat Race 1970 Matt Shore, former airline pilot now flying charter
Bonecrack 1971 ISBN 0-718-10898-1 Neil Griffon, formerly antique dealer, then business consultant, acting as temporary trainer whilst his father is hospitalised
Smokescreen 1972 ISBN 0-718-1103-90 Edward Lincoln, movie actor who does his own stunts
Slay Ride 1973 ISBN 0-718-11150-8 David Cleveland, Jockey Club chief investigator
Knockdown 1974 ISBN 0-718-11297-0 Jonah Dereham, bloodstock agent
High Stakes 1975 ISBN 0-718-11393-4 Steven Scott, toy inventor
In the Frame 1976 ISBN 0-718-11527-9 Charles Todd, painter
Risk 1977 ISBN 0-718-11636-4 Roland Britten, accountant
Trial Run 1978 Randall Drew, gentleman and ex-jockey
Whip Hand 1979 ISBN 0-718-11845-6 Sid Halley, private investigator Edgar Award winner
Gold Dagger winner
Second Sid Halley novel
Reflex 1980 ISBN 978-0-7181-1950-8 Philip Nore, jockey and photographer
Twice Shy 1981 ISBN 0-718-12056-6 Jonathan Derry, teacher, second part narrated by younger brother William Derry, jockey and later racing manager Adapted into a ZX Spectrum and Amstrad CPC computer game, published by Mosaic Publishing
Banker 1982 ISBN 0-718-12173-2 Tim Ekaterin, merchant banker
The Danger 1983 Andrew Douglas, anti-kidnapping consultant
Proof 1984 ISBN 0-718-12481-2 Tony Beach, wine merchant Japan Adventure Fiction Association Prize winner
Break In 1985 ISBN 0-718-12597-5 Kit Fielding, jockey
Bolt 1986 ISBN 0-718-12756-0 Kit Fielding, jockey
A Jockey's Life 1986 ISBN 0-399-13179-5 / 978-0-399-13179-0 (USA edition) Biography of Lester Piggott, later reissued as Lester
Hot Money 1987 ISBN 0-718-12851-6 Ian Pembroke, former asst trainer, amateur jockey
The Edge 1988 ISBN 0-718-13179-7 Tor Kelsey, investigator for the Jockey Club
Straight 1989 ISBN 0-718-13180-0 Derek Franklin, jockey and later jewelry firm owner
Longshot 1990 ISBN 0-718-13447-8 John Kendall, writer and survival skills expert
Comeback 1991 Peter Darwin, diplomat
Driving Force 1992 ISBN 0-718-13482-6 Freddie Croft, horse transport company owner
Decider 1993 ISBN 0-718-13602-0 Lee Morris, architect
Wild Horses 1994 ISBN 0-718-13603-9 Thomas Lyon, film director
Come to Grief 1995 ISBN 0-7181-3753-1 Sid Halley, private investigator Edgar Award winner
Japan Adventure Fiction Association Prize winner
Third Sid Halley novel
To the Hilt 1996 ISBN 0-718-142136 Alexander Kinloch, painter
10 LB. Penalty 1997 ISBN 0-718-14245-4 Ben Juliard, jockey and politician's son
Field of 13 1998 ISBN 0-718-14351-5 short stories:
  • 1. "Raid at Kingdom Hill" (first appeared in The Times, 1975)
  • 2. "Dead on Red"
  • 3. "Song for Mona"
  • 4. "Bright White Star" (first appeared in Cheshire Life, Christmas 1979)
  • 5. "Collision Course"
  • 6. "Nightmare" (first appeared in The Times, 13 April 1974)
  • 7. "Carrot for a Chestnut" (first appeared in Sports Illustrated, 1970)
  • 8. "The Gift" (first appeared as "A Day of Wine and Roses" in Sports Illustrated, 1973)
  • 9. "Spring Fever" (first appeared in Women's Own magazine, 1980)
  • 10. "Blind Chance" (first appeared as "Twenty-one Good Men and True" in Verdict of Thirteen: A Detection Club Anthology, 1979)
  • 11. "Corkscrew"
  • 12. "The Day of the Losers" (first appeared in Horse and Hound, February 1977)
  • 13. "Haig's Death"
Second Wind 1999 ISBN 0-718-14408-2 Perry Stuart, meteorologist
Shattered 2000 ISBN 0-718-14453-8 Gerard Logan, glass blower
Under Orders 2006 ISBN 978-0-330-44833-8 Sid Halley, private investigator Japan Adventure Fiction Association Prize winner
Fourth Sid Halley
Dead Heat 2007 ISBN 978-0-399-15476-8 Max Moreton, chef with Felix Francis
Silks 2008 ISBN 978-0-7181-5457-8 Geoffrey Mason, barrister with Felix Francis
Even Money 2009 ISBN 978-0-399-15591-8 Ned Talbot, bookmaker with Felix Francis
Crossfire 2010 US ISBN 978-0-399-15681-6
UK ISBN 978-0-7181-5663-3
Captain Tom Forsyth, military officer with Felix Francis
Dick Francis's Gamble 2011 ISBN 978-1-4104-3870-6 Nicholas "Foxy" Foxton, financial adviser written after Dick Francis's death by Felix Francis
Dick Francis's Bloodline 2012 ISBN 978-1-4104-5223-8 Mark Shillington, racing commentator written after Dick Francis's death by Felix Francis
Dick Francis's Refusal 2013 ISBN 978-0-3991-6081-3 Sid Halley, former private investigator written after Dick Francis's death by Felix Francis
Fifth Sid Halley novel
Dick Francis's Damage 2014 ISBN 978-0-3991-6822-2 Jeff Hinkley, BHA investigator written after Dick Francis's death by Felix Francis
Front Runner: A Dick Francis Novel 2015 ISBN 978-1-4059-1522-9 Jeff Hinkley, BHA investigator written after Dick Francis's death by Felix Francis
Triple Crown: A Dick Francis Novel 2016 ISBN 978-0-3995-7470-2 Jeff Hinkley, BHA investigator written after Dick Francis's death by Felix Francis
Pulse: A Dick Francis Novel 2017 ISBN 978-0-3995-7474-0 Chris Rankin, Doctor written after Dick Francis's death by Felix Francis; Dr Rankin is the first female protagonist/narrator in any of the books
Crisis: A Dick Francis Novel 2018 ISBN 978-0-5255-3676-5 Harrison Foster, Crisis Manager written after Dick Francis's death by Felix Francis
Guilty Not Guilty: A Dick Francis Novel 2019 ISBN 978-0-5255-3679-6 Bill Russel, racing steward written after Dick Francis’s death by Felix Francis
Iced: A Dick Francis Novel 2021 ISBN 978-1-471-19661-4 Miles Pussett, former steeplechase jockey, now tobogganist written after Dick Francis’s death by Felix Francis
Hands Down: A Dick Francis Novel 2022 ISBN 978-1-63910-294-5 Sid Halley, former private investigator written after Dick Francis's death by Felix Francis
Sixth Sid Halley novel

See also


  1. ^ Our favourite thriller writer Dick Francis is back in the saddle, entertainment.timesonline.co.uk
  2. ^ a b c d Swanson, Jean; Dean James (2003). "An Interview with Dick Francis". The Dick Francis Companion. New York: Berkeley Prime Crime. pp. 1–10. ISBN 0-425-18187-1.
  3. ^ McGrath, Chris (16 February 2010). "Dick Francis: Champion jockey and best-selling thriller writer". The Independent. Retrieved 8 November 2020.
  4. ^ Thursby, Keith (15 February 2010). "Dick Francis dies at 89; champion jockey became best-selling British mystery writer". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 8 November 2020.
  5. ^ Francis, Dick (1986) [First published 1957, updated 1982]. The Sport of Queens. New York: Penzler Books. p. 14. ISBN 0-445-40331-4. We loved the farm. It was our mother's home, and I was born there.
  6. ^ a b c Francis, Dick (1999). The Sport of Queens. London: Joseph. ISBN 978-0-330-33902-5. OCLC 59457268.
  7. ^ Nikkhah, Roya (1 September 2009). "Dick Francis interview for Even Money". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 5 September 2009.
  8. ^ a b c d "Obituary: Mary Francis". The Times. 6 October 2000. Retrieved 18 October 2009.[dead link]
  9. ^ Cook, Bruce (21 March 1989). "Novelist Dick Francis Still Rides The Wave of Success In 'The Edge'". The Spokesman-Review (Spokane Chronicle). Retrieved 18 October 2009.[dead link]
  10. ^ "Companies House - Company Directors - Merrick Ewen Douglas Francis". 10 October 2021.
  11. ^ "Dick Francis - Biographies". dickfrancis.com. 30 December 2008. Archived from the original on 30 December 2008.
  12. ^ Hughes, Mark (15 February 2010). "Dick Francis, champion jockey turned thriller-writer, dies at 89". The Independent. Retrieved 8 November 2020.
  13. ^ Guardian Staff (9 December 2015). "Removed: news agency feed article". the Guardian.
  14. ^ "Author Dick Francis dies aged 89". BBC News. 14 February 2010. Retrieved 14 February 2010.
  15. ^ Reynolds, Stanley (14 February 2010). "Dick Francis obituary". The Guardian. Retrieved 8 November 2020.
  16. ^ Siddique, Haroon (14 February 2010). "Author Dick Francis dies aged 89". The Guardian. Retrieved 8 November 2020.
  17. ^ Stasio, Marilyn (15 February 2010). "Dick Francis, Jockey and Writer, Dies at 89". The New York Times. Retrieved 8 November 2020.
  18. ^ "Dick Francis". The Telegraph. 14 February 2010.
  19. ^ "No. 36759". The London Gazette (Supplement). 20 October 1944. p. 4857.
  20. ^ "No. 36963". The London Gazette (Supplement). 27 February 1945. p. 1199.
  21. ^ a b Cantwell, Robert (25 March 1968). "Mystery Makes A Writer". Sports Illustrated Vault. Archived from the original on 14 November 2012. Retrieved 12 September 2012.
  22. ^ Mott, Sue (20 November 2004). "It was terrible to be told that the Queen Mother wanted me to retire". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 12 September 2012.
  23. ^ Nikkhah, Roya (1 September 2009). "Dick Francis interview". The Telegraph. Retrieved 20 February 2010.
  24. ^ Philip, Robert (5 April 2002). "Grand National: Devon Loch's place in history". The Telegraph. Retrieved 18 October 2009.
  25. ^ Shapiro, T. Rees (16 February 2010). "Dick Francis, British jockey turned popular mystery author, dies at 89". The Washington Post.
  26. ^ Clippinger, Don (30 March 1983). "Drive To Save Aintree Nears Goal". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved 28 April 2013.
  27. ^ Hayes, Heather B. (29 October 1991). "Dick Francis: Still a sure bet for mystery fans". The Washington Times. p. E1.
  28. ^ Barlow, Jim (19 February 1989). "In Dick Francis' world, small things are interesting". Houston Chronicle. p. 20. Retrieved 29 April 2013.
  29. ^ a b c Amoroso, Mary (24 February 1989). "Sure Bet on a Different Track". The Record. Woodland Park, NJ: North Jersey Media Group. p. A11. Retrieved 27 April 2013.
  30. ^ Davison, John (20 October 1999). "Dick Francis thrillers 'were ghost written by wife'". The Independent. Retrieved 12 September 2012.
  31. ^ Stanford, Peter (1 September 2011). "Anything Dad could do... Felix Francis, son of thriller writer Dick Francis, pens his first solo effort". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 12 September 2012.
  32. ^ Clippinger, Don (31 March 1981). "The His-and-Her Mysteries of Dick Francis". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved 27 April 2013.
  33. ^ "No. 55879". The London Gazette (Supplement). 19 June 2000. p. 8.
  34. ^ "Royal Society of Literature All Fellows". Royal Society of Literature. Archived from the original on 5 March 2010. Retrieved 8 August 2010.
  35. ^ "Dead Cert". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved 12 September 2012.
  36. ^ "Favorit". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved 12 September 2012.
  37. ^ Comerford, Ruth (5 April 2022). "'Dick and Felix Francis novels optioned for TV". thebookseller.com. Retrieved 12 July 2022.
  38. ^ Saturday-Night Theatre: Blood Sport – BBC – Radio Times
  39. ^ Blood Sport – BBC Saturday-Night Theatre – Dick Francis – YouTube

Further reading