Dieppe
Ville de Dieppe
City of Dieppe
Dieppe water tower
Seal
Motto(s): 
"Constantia et virtute"  (Latin)
"By constancy and virtue"
Dieppe, New Brunswick
Location of Dieppe in New Brunswick
Coordinates: 46°05′56″N 64°43′27″W / 46.098889°N 64.724167°W / 46.098889; -64.724167
CountryCanada
ProvinceNew Brunswick
CountyWestmorland
ParishMoncton
CityJanuary 1, 2003
TownJanuary 1, 1952
Incorporated villageFebruary 8, 1946
Founded1730
Government
 • TypeDieppe City Council
 • MayorYvon Lapierre
 • MPsGinette Petitpas Taylor
 • MLAsRoger Melanson (Dieppe)
Area
 • City54.05 km2 (20.87 sq mi)
 • Urban
98.388 km2 (37.988 sq mi)
 • Metro
117.309 km2 (45.293 sq mi)
Highest elevation
45 m (148 ft)
Lowest elevation
5 m (16 ft)
Population
 (2019)[1]
 • City27,304
 • Density469.6/km2 (1,216.3/sq mi)
 • Urban
107,068
 • Metro
146,073 (Q32,016)
Time zoneUTC-4 (AST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-3 (ADT)
Postal code(s)
Area code(s)506
NTS Map021I02
GNBC CodeDADHJ
Highways Route 2 (TCH)
Route 11
Route 15
Route 106
Route 132
Route 925
Websitewww.dieppe.ca

Dieppe (/diˈɛp/) is a city in the Canadian maritime province of New Brunswick. Statistics Canada counted the population at 25,384 in 2016,[1] making it the fourth-largest city in the province.

Dieppe's history and identity goes back to the eighteenth century. Formerly known as Leger's Corner, it was incorporated as a town in 1952 under the Dieppe name, and designated as a city in 2003. The Dieppe name was adopted by the citizens of the area in 1946 to commemorate the Second World War's Operation Jubilee, the Dieppe Raid of 1942.[2] It is officially a francophone city; French is the native language of 73.9% of the population. A majority of the population reports being bilingual, speaking both French and English.[3] Residents generally speak French with a regional accent (colloquially called "Chiac") which is unique to southeastern New Brunswick. A large majority of Dieppe's population were in favour of the by-law regulating the use of external commercial signs in both official languages, which is a first for the province of New Brunswick.[4][5] Dieppe is the largest predominantly francophone city in Canada outside Québec; while there are other municipalities with greater total numbers of francophones, they constitute a minority of the population in those cities.[citation needed] Dieppe was one of the co-hosts of the first Congrès Mondial Acadien (Acadian World Congress) which was held in the Moncton region in 1994, and again in 2019.[6]

Dieppe is part of the census metropolitan area of Moncton, which is New Brunswick's most populous city, with a metropolitan population of 144,810 according to Statistics Canada in 2016.[7]

Name

In 1910, the area known as French Village became known as Leger's Corner which, in turn, became the Village of Dieppe in 1946 to commemorate the Canadian soldiers killed during the landing of Allied troops on Normandy beaches in Dieppe, France, on August 19, 1942. On January 1, 1952, the Village of Dieppe became the Town of Dieppe. On January 1, 2003, the municipality was designated as the City of Dieppe.[8][9]

Government

Federal and provincial representatives

Provincial electoral districts Members of the 58th New Brunswick Legislative Assembly (2014), the governing house of the province of New Brunswick.[10]

Federal electoral districts Members of the 42nd Parliament of Canada (2015).[11] A section of southeast Dieppe is in the Beauséjour riding.

Geography

Dieppe is located on the Petitcodiac River. It forms the southeastern part of the Greater Moncton Area, which also includes the city of Moncton, the town of Riverview, Moncton Parish, Memramcook, Coverdale, and Salisbury.

Climate

Dieppe
Climate chart (explanation)
J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D
 
 
102
 
 
−10
−13
 
 
136
 
 
−9
−12
 
 
107
 
 
−1
−7
 
 
109
 
 
10
−2
 
 
80
 
 
19
4
 
 
159
 
 
22
9
 
 
106
 
 
23
14
 
 
88
 
 
23
13
 
 
165
 
 
19
10
 
 
121
 
 
12
3
 
 
141
 
 
4
−1
 
 
245
 
 
−2
−8
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: [12]

Population

Dieppe's city population increased significantly from 1971 to 1981 with the 1973 unification of the surrounding communities, i.e. Saint Anselme, Fox Creek/Dover and Chartersville. Being part of Moncton census metropolitan area, Statistics Canada counted the (CMA) population at 144,810 (2016)[1] – making it the largest urban area in New Brunswick and the third largest in Atlantic Canada.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
19312,582—    
19412,905+12.5%
19513,402+17.1%
19614,032+18.5%
19714,277+6.1%
19818,511+99.0%
19869,084+6.7%
199110,650+17.2%
199612,497+17.3%
200114,951+19.6%
200618,565+24.2%
201123,310+25.6%
201625,384+8.9%

Detailed mother tongue (2011 data)[3][13]

Language Population Pct (%)
French 16,565 72.93%
English 5,335 24.81%
Non-official languages 505 2.25%

History

See also: History of New Brunswick; History of Moncton; and List of historic places in Westmorland County, New Brunswick

Acadians from the Petitcoudiac and Shepody (French: Chipoudy) regions were the first pioneers to settle in the area and founded Sylvabreau in 1730, followed by the Melanson family at Ruisseau-des-Renards (Fox Creek) in 1746 and the LeBlanc and Boudreau families at Chartersville in 1776.[14] Prior to the arrival of Acadian settlers, the southern part of the province was inhabited by the Algonquin people.

Sylvabreau/Battle of the Petitcodiac

The Battle of the Petitcodiac was fought on September 2, 1755, during the British expulsion of the Acadians, after the capture of Fort Beauséjour. The Massachusetts-British force was soundly defeated by troops from Boishébert, Acadian militia, and First Nations' warriors. At the mouth of the Nacadie Creek (Hall's) settlements such as le Coude (The Bend), Sylvabreau and the surrounding hamlets were destroyed.[15] Even after these raids, Acadians returned to these villages and the numbers grew as the deportation from peninsular Nova Scotia continued, followed by the deportation from present-day Prince Edward Island and Cape Breton. Victory for the British occurred three years later (1758) during the Petitcodiac River Campaign (fr:La bataille du Cran) which resulted in the deportation of the Acadians that lived along the Petitcodiac River or had taken refuge there from earlier deportation operations.

From municipality to town to city

Dieppe was known as Upper Village after the Expulsion and was settled by the Surette, Maillet, and Thibodeau families, while Chartersville was called Leblanc's Village and also included members of the Boudreau's clan. Prior to 1800, Pierre Bourgeois had established himself on the (Ruisseau des Renards) Fox Creek salt marsh. Agriculture, forestry and some fishing sustained these Acadian families up until the mid-1800s, when shipbuilding and railways created employment opportunities for Acadians around the Moncton area. After a bridge was completed in 1867 at the mouth of Hall's Creek (Nacadie during the French settlement at Le Coude), a road was constructed that link the incorporated Town of Moncton's Westmorland Road (Main Street) to the (French Village) Dieppe area. This road went through farmland that had belong to the Leger family and intersected the old road (Acadie Avenue) that had taken travellers up and around Hall's Creek to the community of Lewisville to get to Moncton. By 1900, the little area around the intersection became known as Léger's Corner, and with the increasing traffic from the bridge, merchants became attracted to the corner and soon set up shops and services around the intersection. Prior to the First World War, a small residential development was erected, and the community continue to grow until the Second World War. Then a population explosion occurred. Léger's Corner received the largest influx of military personnel in southeastern New Brunswick. Ten thousand airmen (due to the airport) and their support staff arrived overnight in 1940, and soon temporary warehouses and housing were erected. When Léger's Corner became incorporated as a municipal village in 1946,[16] the community was renamed Dieppe, after a port in France on the English Channel, to honour the 913 Canadian servicemen who took part in the Dieppe Raid, the bloody landing by Allied soldiers, on August 19, 1942, during the Second World War. Then, part of Lakeburn was annexed in 1946 and Dieppe-East in 1948. A referendum (262 for, 232 against)[17] marginally favoured the village to incorporate as the Town of Dieppe in 1952. At that time, Dieppe had over 3,000 inhabitants within its boundaries. Growth continued unabated throughout the 1950s and 1960s as Dieppe annexed the villages of Saint-Anselme and Chartersville and the local service districts of Fox Creek-Dover(Upper Dover), the latter in 1973. With its rural expansion came a growth in population exceeding 8,500 in the 1981 census. During the 1980s and early 1990s, the Town of Dieppe, like the rest of the region, went through an economic downfall which limited its growth in population. By 2001, the Greater Moncton area and Dieppe's economy flourished and with it came a population increment of nearly 15,000 in 2001 to over 23,000 in 2011. To preserve its heritage, culture and identity as a community in Southern New Brunswick, Dieppe opted to incorporate itself as a city on January 1, 2003. At that time it became New Brunswick's eighth incorporated city.

Maps of Dieppe from the 1960s show Champlain Street below Acadie Avenue as Main Street and above the intersection as Airport Road.[18]

Neighbourhoods

Dieppe's geographic area is a direct union of Acadian parishes and villages such as:[19]

Education

See also: List of schools in Metro Moncton

Provincial public school systems

The following is a list of public schools in the city:

School name Start End School district Year open Max. enrolment 2012 enrolment Notes
École Amirault K 5 Francophone Sud 1969 307
École Sainte-Therèse K 5 Francophone Sud 1954 603 New facilities and improvements were added in 2011.[23]
École Anna-Malenfant 1 4 Francophone Sud 1992 665
Lou MacNarin School K 5 Anglophone East 1995 569
École Mathieu-Martin 9 12 Francophone Sud 1969 940
École Carrefour de l'Acadie 6 8 Francophone Sud 2006 572
Écoles Le Marais and Antonine-Maillet 3 8 Francophone Sud 2017 1000 Expected to be completed in 2018 to accommodate the growing population[24]

Higher educational institutions

CCNB - Dieppe

Parks and recreation

The community has some thirty-five parks and green spaces: one city park, fourteen green spaces and twenty neighbourhood parks, as well as green islands and a growing number of trails and bicycle paths.[26]

Festivals

Sports facilities

Attractions

The city of Dieppe is a participant in the province of New Brunswick's local historic places program, funded by the government of Canada through the historic places initiative.[29]

Monuments

Saint Anselme Church - The current building was erected in 1900.
Saint Anselme Church - The current building was erected in 1900.

Prominent buildings

Shopping

Media

See also: Media in Moncton

Transportation

Greater Moncton International Airport

The Greater Moncton International Airport was officially opened in 2002 by Queen Elizabeth II. It is 6 km from downtown Dieppe and 10 km from Moncton.[35] Moncton Flight College, the largest private flight school in Canada, is at the airport. MFC has trained over 16,000 pilots from around the world since 1929.[36]

Rapid transit

Codiac Transpo is the city of Moncton, Dieppe and town of Riverview's public transit system. Within Codiac transpo 47 bus fleet, three services Dieppe's main arteries and subdivisions seven days a week; in addition to its numerous fleet of Codiac Buses at the Champlain Place terminal.[37] Services to the inner city has been offered since 1984. Services are provided seven days a week with late evening routes and modified weekend hours.

Roads and bridges

Both bridges are on Route 106, which follows the original provincial Route 2 from Quebec to Nova Scotia. Through the late 1950s and 1960s, a number of bypasses and realignments, mostly two-lane, were built to improve Route 2 with federal Trans-Canada Highway funds. The first, built in the 1950s, was around Moncton. The old road became Route 2A, but it was renumbered Route 6 in 1965 and 106 in 1984 during a reclassification of provincial highways. It is still signed as Route 6 at the corner of Cameron St. and Main St. (the current Route 106) in downtown Moncton.[43] At Moncton, Route 106 runs through Main Street and passes Hall's Creek bridge up to the intersection in centre-ville Dieppe connecting Amirault Street, which leaves the city to the southeast en route to Memramcook. The aforementioned route had a significant impact for the future community of Dieppe has it linked southeast New Brunswick to Nova Scotia prior to the completion of the new Trans-Canada Highway. In addition, it attracted new residents to cultivate the land and build dwellings throughout the 19th and 20th centuries.

Notable people

Main article: List of people from Dieppe, New Brunswick

Sister cities

Bordering communities

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d "Census Profile, 2016 Census: Dieppe, New Brunswick". Statistics Canada. Retrieved August 22, 2019.
  2. ^ "Dieppe Raid, Operation Jubilee, WW2 Raid on Dieppe". Retrieved June 29, 2016.
  3. ^ a b Canada, Government of Canada, Statistics. "Statistics Canada: 2011 Census Profile". www12.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved April 5, 2018.
  4. ^ "Dieppe resident attitudinal survey" (PDF). MarketQuest-Omnifacts Research. Archived from the original (PDF) on December 16, 2011.
  5. ^ "Dieppe takes companies to court over sign bylaw". CBC News. February 27, 2012. Retrieved August 22, 2019.
  6. ^ "Nouvelles". CMA2019 (in French). Retrieved December 9, 2019.
  7. ^ "Census Profile, 2016 Census: Moncton [Census metropolitan area], New Brunswick". Statistics Canada. Retrieved August 24, 2019.
  8. ^ "History". dieppe.ca. Retrieved October 6, 2019.
  9. ^ "The Students' Corner - History". dieppe.ca. Archived from the original on December 16, 2011. Retrieved October 6, 2019.
  10. ^ "Provincial Electoral Districts". Archived from the original on August 11, 2016. Retrieved June 29, 2016.
  11. ^ "Current Members of Parliament". Parliament of Canada. Retrieved August 22, 2019.
  12. ^ "NASA Earth Observations Data Set Index". NASA. Retrieved January 30, 2016.
  13. ^ Canada, Government of Canada, Statistics. "Statistics Canada: 2006 Community Profiles". www12.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved April 5, 2018.
  14. ^ a b c "Historic Places and Monuments". City of Dieppe. Retrieved August 22, 2019.
  15. ^ "Documents in Battle of the Petitcodiac". Academia.edu. Retrieved June 29, 2016.
  16. ^ Machum, Lloyd A (1965). A History of Moncton: Town and city 1885-1965. Moncton: Moncton Publishing Company. p. 402.
  17. ^ "Dieppe, "petite ville" depuis déja 30 ans". L'Evangéline. May 21, 1982.
  18. ^ "McCully's New Brunswick Historic Aerial Photographs 1931-1939". Dan Soucoup/ Richard Thorne McCully, 2005.
  19. ^ "History". Ville de Dieppe. Archived from the original on December 16, 2011.
  20. ^ a b "ExpansionDieppe.ca". Archived from the original on April 26, 2012. Retrieved June 29, 2016.
  21. ^ "Congregation Tiferes Israel Cemetery". HistoricPlaces.ca. Parks Canada. Retrieved August 22, 2019.
  22. ^ "Past News - 50 Years 1959-2009". BCTGM Union Local 406. Archived from the original on March 18, 2014.
  23. ^ Canada, Government of New Brunswick. "Official opening of École Sainte-Thérèse". www2.gnb.ca. Retrieved April 5, 2018.
  24. ^ Canada, Government of New Brunswick. "New school to be built on Dieppe Boulevard". www2.gnb.ca. Retrieved April 5, 2018.
  25. ^ "Bill 30 - New Brunswick Community Colleges Act". Retrieved June 29, 2016.
  26. ^ "Parks and Trails". Ville de Dieppe. Retrieved August 22, 2019.
  27. ^ "International Dieppe Kite Festival". Retrieved August 22, 2019.
  28. ^ "City of Dieppe". Retrieved June 29, 2016.
  29. ^ "Historic Places" (PDF). Ville de Dieppe. Archived from the original (PDF) on December 18, 2011.
  30. ^ a b "Historic Places and Monuments". Ville de Dieppe. Retrieved August 23, 2019.
  31. ^ "Saint-Anselme Church". HistoricPlaces.ca. Parks Canada. Retrieved August 23, 2019.
  32. ^ Leger, Marc. "Unité pastorale Marie Reine de l'Acadie". Retrieved June 29, 2016.
  33. ^ "Sainte-Thérèse Church". HistoricPlaces.ca. Parks Canada. Retrieved August 23, 2019.
  34. ^ "Palais Crystal Palace". crystalpalace.ca. Archived from the original on February 15, 2012. Retrieved April 5, 2018.
  35. ^ "Greater Moncton International Airport specs". Archived from the original on February 2, 2012. Retrieved June 29, 2016.
  36. ^ "Home". Moncton Flight College. Retrieved June 29, 2016.
  37. ^ "Home". Codiac Transpo. Retrieved June 29, 2016.
  38. ^ "L'Evangéline - Recherche d'archives de Google Actualités". Retrieved June 29, 2016.
  39. ^ "X14048 - Fox Creek Bridge, Moncton, New Brunswick". Retrieved June 29, 2016.
  40. ^ File:Tidal bore.jpg
  41. ^ "Musée McCord Museum -". Retrieved June 29, 2016.
  42. ^ "Musée McCord Museum - Fox Creek Bridge, Moncton, N.B." Retrieved June 29, 2016.
  43. ^ "New Brunswick Roads - Route 106". the506.com. J.P. Kirby. Archived from the original on May 27, 2010.

Coordinates: 46°05′56″N 64°43′27″W / 46.09889°N 64.72417°W / 46.09889; -64.72417 (Dieppe, New Brunswick)