This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.Find sources: "Dinant" – news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR (May 2015) (Learn how and when to remove this message)
Dinant
The citadel, the collegiate church and the Meuse
The citadel, the collegiate church and the Meuse
Flag of Dinant
Coat of arms of Dinant
Location of Dinant
Map
Dinant is located in Belgium
Dinant
Dinant
Location in Belgium
Location of Dinant in Namur
Coordinates: 50°16′N 04°55′E / 50.267°N 4.917°E / 50.267; 4.917
Country Belgium
CommunityFrench Community
RegionWallonia
ProvinceNamur
ArrondissementDinant
Government
 • MayorThierry Bodlet (MR, ID!)
 • Governing party/iesID! - Dinant - Dinant Autrement
Area
 • Total100.05 km2 (38.63 sq mi)
Population
 (2018-01-01)[1]
 • Total13,544
 • Density140/km2 (350/sq mi)
Postal codes
5500, 5501, 5502, 5503, 5504
NIS code
91034
Area codes082
Websitewww.dinant.be

Dinant (French pronunciation: [dinɑ̃] ) is a city and municipality of Wallonia located in the province of Namur, Belgium. On the shores of river Meuse, in the Ardennes, it lies 90 kilometres (56 mi) south-east of Brussels, 30 kilometres (19 mi) south-east of Charleroi and 30 kilometres (19 mi) south of the city of Namur. Dinant is situated 20 kilometres (12 mi) north of the border with France.

The municipality consists of the following districts: Anseremme, Bouvignes-sur-Meuse, Dinant, Dréhance, Falmagne, Falmignoul, Foy-Notre-Dame, Furfooz, Lisogne, Sorinnes and Thynes.

Geography

Dinant is positioned in the Upper Meuse valley, at a point where the river cuts deeply into the western Condroz plateau. Sited in a steep sided valley, between the rock face and the river. The original settlement had little space in which to grow away from the river, and it therefore expanded into a long, thin town, on a north–south axis, along the river shore. During the 19th century, the former Île des Batteurs (Drummers' Island) to the south was attached directly to the town when a branch of the Meuse was filled in.

Dinant has been enriched by the agricultural opportunities presented by the fertile land on the plateau that overlooks it. Within the town, brassware production is a traditional craft that has benefited from the presence of the broad and, at this point, easily navigable river which has facilitated easy delivery of the raw materials and ready distribution of the resulting products of the artisans' workshops. Another traditional source of wealth is provided by the limestone cliffs overlooking the town, which supported a high-end quarrying industry, producing black marble and bluestone, and whose distribution also benefited from the proximity of the relatively wide and deep navigable river.

History

Origins to the 10th century

The name Dinant comes from the Celtic Divo-Nanto, meaning "Sacred Valley" or "Divine Valley"; it can also be translated as "Celestial Gorge" or "Luminous Gorge" (as in modern Welsh Nant Dwyfol).

The Dinant area was already populated in Neolithic, Celtic, and Roman times. The first mention of Dinant as a settlement dates from the 7th century, when Perpète of Maastricht, Bishop of Tongeren, moved his principal residence from Maastricht to Dinant and founded the church of Saint Vincent. In 870, Charles the Bald gave part of Dinant to be administered by the Count of Namur, the other part by the Bishopric of Tongeren, which was by that time based in Liège.

In the 11th century, the emperor Henry IV granted several rights over Dinant to the Prince-Bishopric of Liège, including market and justice rights. From that time on, the city became one of the 23 ‘‘bonnes villes’’ (or principal cities) of the Prince-Bishopric. The first stone bridge on the Meuse and major repair to the castle, which had been built earlier, also date from the end of the 11th century. Throughout this period, and until the end of the 18th century, Dinant shared its history with its overlord Liège, sometimes rising in revolt against it, sometimes partaking in its victories and defeats, mostly against the neighbouring County of Namur.

Late Middle Ages

Its strategic location on the Meuse exposed Dinant to battle and pillage, not always by avowed enemies: in 1466, Philip the Good, Duke of Burgundy, uncle of Louis de Bourbon, Prince-Bishop of Liège, and Philip’s son Charles the Bold punished an uprising in Dinant during the Liège Wars, by casting 800 burghers into the Meuse and setting fire to the city. The city's economic rival was Bouvignes, downriver on the opposite shore of the Meuse.

Late Medieval Dinant and Bouvignes specialised in metalwork, producing finely cast and finished objects in a silvery brass alloy, called dinanderie and supplying aquamaniles, candlesticks, patens and other altar furniture throughout the Meuse valley (giving these objects their cautious designation "Mosan"), the Rhineland and beyond.

Henri Pirenne gained his doctorate in 1883 with a thesis on medieval Dinant.

The Old Regime and World War I

Main article: Sack of Dinant

Dinant's destruction in World War I.

In the 16th and 17th centuries wars between France and Spain, Dinant suffered destruction, famine and epidemics, despite its neutrality. In 1675, the French army under Marshal François de Créquy occupied the city. Dinant was briefly taken by the Austrians at the end of the 18th century. The whole Bishopric of Liège was ceded to France in 1795. The dinanderies fell out of fashion and the economy of the city now rested on leather tanning and the manufacture of playing cards. The famous couques de Dinant also appeared at that time.

The city suffered devastation again at the beginning of the First World War. On 15 August 1914, French and German troops fought for the town in the Battle of Dinant; among the wounded was Lieut. Charles de Gaulle. On 23 August, 674 inhabitants were summarily executed by Saxon troops of the German Army – the biggest massacre committed by the Germans in 1914. Within a month, some five thousand Belgian and French civilians were killed by the Germans at numerous similar occasions.[2]

World War II

During World War II, the city was again captured by German forces during the Invasion of Belgium. German forces of Erwin Rommel's 7th Panzer Division took the town on 13 May 1940, after crossing the River Meuse and defeating the French forces defending the town.

Sights

See also: List of protected heritage sites in Dinant

Gastronomic culture

Couques de Dinant at a Dinant bakery

Transport

Dinant's railway station is on the left bank of the river. There is hourly train service to Brussels, about a 90-minute ride.[4]

Healthcare

Dinant hosts the Saint-Vincent and Saint-Anne sites (Centre Hospitalier de Dinant) of the CHU UCLouvain Namur university hospital, the provinces' largest employer and serving as teaching hospital for the University of Louvain.

Notable people

Twin cities and twinning

This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources in this section. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (June 2020) (Learn how and when to remove this message)

See also

References

  1. ^ "Wettelijke Bevolking per gemeente op 1 januari 2018". Statbel. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  2. ^ Horne, John; Kramer, Alan (2001). Conclusion and Perspectives. New Haven: Yale University Press. p. 419. ISBN 0-300-08975-9. Retrieved 8 November 2015 – via books.google.com.au. ... we have confirmed the official wartime estimates that some 6,500 civilians were killed in Belgium and France from August to October 1914. ((cite book)): |work= ignored (help)
  3. ^ https://visitwallonia.com/en-gb/content/la-merveilleuse-grotto-dinant?cookie_lang=en-gb
  4. ^ "Brussels to Dinant: Train times and train tickets". www.thetrainline-europe.com. Trainline International Ltd. Retrieved 9 November 2015.
  5. ^ Richard, Alexis (2013-12-10). "Disneyland Paris-Dinant : le jumelage". Disney : Toute l'actualité des films et de Disneyland Paris (in French). Retrieved 2022-05-06.